Potpourri #140  October 3  ltrhd
	Featured Quote:  “In a sense, social conservatives like Rick Santorum are right:  there is a slippery slope leading from one banned practice to the next.  Give rights to blacks, and the next thing you know you are giving rights to women and sodomites and then the sodomites are renting formal wear and ordering flowers for their weddings.  The slippery slope is what [John Stuart] Mill called liberty.  Every time we slide a little farther down, what we find is not a descent toward Hell but more air, and more people breathing free.”  --Adam Gopnik

	BIG Q #52:  If the U.S. President is the ‘Leader of the Free World,’ why don’t the people of the free world get to vote?

	FACTOID:  Canada, Greece, Germany Sweden, New Zealand, Denmark Australia and Malta, all have a higher percentage of registered voters who voted in recent elections [U.S. is 64%; Australia is 95%; Malta is 97%]

	HUMOR [?]: “Sarah Palin was in NYC this week.  She met with some world leaders yesterday and went to the Central Park Zoo.  It took her five hours to get through the zoo, because she had to keep stopping to reload.”  --Jay Leno 
	Now ya know: 	One mating season provides a queen ant with enough sperm to last a lifetime; she can produce an egg every few seconds for the rest of her life.

	KWIKWIZ:
	611.  What is the ultimate reason why cannibalism was widespread in traditional New Guinea highland societies?
	612.  Which country has the happiest people?
	613.  What is the shortest verse in the Bible?
	614.  What do Mohandas Gandhi, Ho Chi Minh and Chinese student protesters have in common?
	615.  What is the richest charity in the U.S.?

	The two presidential candidates have raised about a half-billion dollars between them--more than the Red Cross spends annually on disaster relief.

	Halcyon (HAL-see-un) means calm; peaceful; tranquil. The halcyon is a bird traditionally identified with the kingfisher; the myth of its origin is told by the classical poet Ovid. It was said to magically calm the waves when it nested on the surface of the sea. The term halcyon days implies a feeling of nostalgia for the past.

	Even More Ways to Show Kids You Care:
	21.  Catch them doing something right.
	22.  Contribute to their collections
	23.  Discuss their dreams and nightmares.
	24.  Laugh at their jokes.
	25.  Tell them how terrific they are.
	26.  Kneel, squat, or sit so you're at their eye level.
	27.  Answer their questions.
	28.  Listen to their favorite music with them.
	29.  Apologize when you've done something wrong.
	30.  Display their artwork in your home.

	13 to 1  is the # of automotive vehicles of the McCains to the Obamas.  --Newsweek

	Gin was born in Holland in the mid 1600s by a professor of medicine who added juniper oil to ‘vodka’ [distilled grain spirits].  He named it after the French for juniper which the Dutch pronounced genever.  It was renamed gin when it came to England 100 years later.

	Fanta orange soda in the U.S. is colored by synthetic food dyes;  in England by pumpkin and carrot extract.  McDonald’s strawberry sundae gets it color artificially;  in England it comes from real strawberries.

	Danish hospitals focus on hand washing, sterilization, screening and clothing control of medical staff.  they have fewer than 1% of staph infections with antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria, while in the U.S. it is 50% in some hospitals.

	Six Components of a Good Death: [Annals of Internal Medicine]
	1.  Pain and symptom management
	2.  Clear decision making in treatment decisions.
	3.  Preparation for death: knowledge of illness progression & after death plans.
	4.  Completion: reviewing one’s life, resolving conflicts, spending time w/family & friends, and saying good-bye.
	5.  Contribution to others: many people near death achieve a clarity as to what is important in life and want to share it with others.
	6.  Affirmation.  Wanting to be seen as a unique and whole person and being understood in the context of their lives, values and preferences.

	Romeo means pilgrim in Italian.  Palmer also means pilgrim.

	John E. challenges you to test your reaction time:  www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/sleep/sheep/reaction_version5.swf

	Professions with ‘very great prestige’ [57% to 16%]:  Firefighter, scientist, doctor, nurse, teacher, military officer, clergy, congressman, lawyer, athlete, journalist, actor.  --Harris Poll, July 2008

	Foreign development assistance as % of GNI:  the U.S. is #21 giving 1/5 as much as Sweden and 1/4 of Luxembourg, Norway, Netherlands and Denmark, e.g.  --Newsweek

	Over the past three decades, the avg. compensation for CEOs of major American corporations has gone from 35 times the avg. pay of American workers to 275 times.  --Peter Steinfels

	Last year the average earnings of all Goldman Sachs employees, including secretaries as well as traders, was $600,000.

	Above a household income of $50,000, there is little or no correlation between income and happiness.  --Sarah Kershaw

	If creatures vary; if they struggle for life so that nearly all die and if the few that survive pass on to their offspring what helped them survive, then you have Variation, Selection and Heredity---and you must get evolution.  --Susan Blackmore

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	611.  Protein starvation, since they had no access to large domestic mammals or large wild game and got their protein from mice, spiders, frogs, etc.  --Jared Diamond
	612.  Denmark.  --Nat’l Sci. Foundation
	613.  Jesus wept.
	614.  They all looked to the U.S. for inspiration in their stuggles against oppression.  --Ted Widmer
	615.  The Shriners  --Stephanie Strom

	CHALLENGE # 139 was:  One of the oldest baseball stadiums in the world, Wrigley Field has been the home of the Chicago Cubs for nearly 100 years, and housed the Chicago Bears football team for nearly half that time. What does it mean when a white flag is flying? Answer:  It indicates that their team just won the game. Jim S., Sue R. and Jerry got it. [Sue and Jerry added: After a game, a white flag with a blue W signifies a WIN.  A blue flag with a white L signifies a loss.  Before the 1990's the white flag was used for a loss, but because white flags are used to represent surrender, it was changed.]

	CHALLENGE #140:  What do the wild ancestors of lima beans, watermelons, potatoes, eggplants and cabbages have in common?  ______________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

 Potpourri #141    ltrhd  OCT 10
	Featured Quote:  “When people are least sure, they are often most dogmatic.”  --J.K. Galbraith

	BIG Q #53:  What makes a life a good life?

	FACTOID:  85% of the budget of Alaska depends on oil revenue, where many residents doubt global warming’s impact.

	HUMOR [?]: After a long night of making love, a guy notices a photo of another man, on the woman's nightstand by the bed. He begins to worry.  'Is this your husband?' he nervously asks. ’No, silly,' she replies, snuggling up to him. 'Your boyfriend, then?' he continues. 'No, not at all,' she says, nibbling away at his ear. 'Is it your dad or your brother?' he inquires, hoping to be reassured.  'No, no, no! You are so hot when you're jealous!' she answers. 'Well, who in the hell is he, then?' he demands. She whispers in his ear 'That's me before the surgery.'     --from Alan

	Now ya know: 	The average U.S. woman is size 12.

	KWIKWIZ:
	616.  Where was the first ‘Chinatown’ in North America?
	617.  Humans are the most common mammals, what is number two?  
	618.  What is the Aramaic word for pearl?
	619.  Thurgood Marshall was named after his grandfather.  His name was?
	620.  Which country provides the most nurses to the world?

	An extensive study showed these words most frequently misspelled by common English users.  RECEIVE, A LOT, AMATEUR, SEPARATE, REALIZE, THEIR, DEFINITE, INDEPENDENT, WEIRD, EMBARRASS, ARGUMENT, NO ONE, ACQUIRE, ACCIDENTALLY, OCCURRENCE, COLLECTIBLE, RIDICULOUS, MANEUVER, LIAISON, GAUGE, ATHEIST, GRAMMAR, SUPERSEDE, KERNEL, and CONSENSUS. The study does not reveal common errors such as IT'S/ITS and YOUR/YOU'RE which are estimated to be used incorrectly 70-75% of the time. 

	36% of people age 18-25 and 40% of those 26-40 have at least one tattoo.

	Don’t Vote! from Nancy:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=0vtHwWReGU0

	Stirring the Pot:  “[Obama] sees America, it seems, as being so imperfect that he’s palling around with terrorists who would target their own country.” is frequent line by Sarah Palan. This week in Florida a man yelled back at her: “Kill him!” and others shouted epithets at an African-American member of a TV crew.  --Washington Post

	In 2004, more than a half million children received free drug samples of four medicines that later received serious safety warnings from the FDA.

	Himalayas is Sanskrit for ‘snowy place.’

	Science Quiz of presidential candidates:  www.nature.com/news/2008/080924/full/455446a.html

	The average college graduate in 1970 earned 45% more than a HS grad; 3 decades later: 80%.   --Stephen Kotkin

	A canard (kuh-NAHRD) is a false or baseless, usually harmful story, report, or rumor. The source of this word is the French canard, literally meaning 'duck,' but also 'hoax,' from the French idiom translated as 'to half-sell a duck' and means 'to cheat or swindle,' because "half-selling" is the same as not selling at all.

	Utilitarianism:  “Right action is that which brings...
		Jeremy Bentham: “the greatest pleasure for the greatest number.”
		John Stuart Mill:  “the greatest happiness for the greatest number.”
		G.E. Moore:  “the greatest good for the greatest number.”
		But, that leaves out justice.

	“Not a cough in a carload”:   Old Cig Ads:  http://lane.stanford.edu/tobacco/index.html

	MONEY MATTERS:

	•  $30,000 per night:  The 4,300 sq.ft. Ty Warner Suite atop the Four Seasons Hotel in Manhattan includes thermostatically adusted marble floors, lasers in the bathtub to create different colors, aromatherapy “steam rain” shower, and a computerized “smart toilet.”

	•  When the 78-year-old CEO of Nabors Industries, Eugene Isenberg,  drops dead, his estate will be entitled to a ‘severance payment’ of at least $263 million--more than the firm’s first-quarter net earnings.  --Wall Street Journal

	•  Investment banks spend 40 to 50% of their revenues on employee compensation.

	•  A Medieval ms lists four reasons for torture during the Spanish Inquisition:  Heresy, Witchcraft, Bigamy and Usury--not just lending money at high interest, but lending money for ANY interest.  The most heineous sins were listed as: Murder, Adultury, Blasphemy and Usury.

	•  “It is better to be a human being dissatified, than a pig satisfied.”  --J.S. Mill

	•  “Give me neither poverty nor riches; provide me only with the food I need.”  --Proverbs 30

	Still More Ways to Show Kids You Care:
	31.  Use your ears more than your mouth.
	32.  Show up at their concerts, games, and events.
	33.  Listen to their favorite music with them.
	34.  Display their artwork in your home.
	35.  Thank them for helping.
	36.  Clip out magazine pictures or articles that interest them.
	37.  Give them your undivided attention.
	38.  Ask for their opinions.
	39.  Let them tell you how they feel.

	Indo-European languages:  Sanskrit raj, Latin rex, German reich, and Celtic rix.. all mean:  king or ruler.  Indo-European led to Germanic which led to English.

	from Carl:  A study conducted by UCLA's Department of Psychiatry has revealed that the kind of face a woman finds attractive on a man can differ dependingon where she is in her menstrual cycle. For example: If she is ovulating, she is attracted to men with rugged and masculine features. However, if she is menstruating or menopausal, she tends to be more attracted to a man with duct tape over his mouth and a spear lodged in his forehead while he is on fire. No further studies are expected.

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	616.  Victoria, British Columbia
	617.  Orcas or dolphins, aka killer whales
	618.  Daiquiri
	619  Thorny-good
	620. 23% of the world’s nurses come from the Philippines...they have 190 accredited nursing colleges and institutes and graduate 9,000/year [from Mohammed M.]

	CHALLENGE #140 was:  What do the wild ancestors of lima beans, watermelons, potatoes, eggplants and cabbages have in common?  Answer:  They were bitter or poisonous. Jim S. was close.

	CHALLENGE #141:  Shakespeare’s heros and villains can be identified by their drink.  How? 
______________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

Potpourri #142   oct 17
	Featured Quote:  “Religion and politics are connected, not church and state.  Politics is about interests;  religion is about love.”  --Michael Josephson

	BIG Q #54:  Why isn’t malpractice insurance experience-based?

	FACTOID:  The lower house of Rwanda has the highest proportion of women [a majority] of any country in the world.  The U.S. is 69th in proportion of elected women in government.

	HUMOR [?]: The Dairy Association's huge success with the campaign "Got Milk?" prompted them to expand advertising to Mexico. It was soon brought to their attention the Spanish translation read  "Are You Lactating?"

	Now ya know: 	Of the 7 gift shops in Crawford, Texas that once sold Bush souvenirs, three have gone broke, and only two still keep regular hours. --Pamela Colloff

	KWIKWIZ:
	621.  What was the normal # of troops in a Roman Century, led by a Centurian?
	622.  What is the world’s largest ethnic group without a country of their own?
	623.  A poet warned Thomas Paine that he was persona non grata in England [imprisoned on sight], so he should leave the country.  Who?
	624.  Which state flag contains the Union Jack?
	625.  George Gershwin’s last song is also one of the most recorded.

	Creighton Half-time Show from Alan:  www.break.com/usercontent/2008/2/HalfTime-Basketball-Creighton-University-Omaha-Neb-457715.html

	2/3 of shoppers accept a free product sample, and 1/3 of them bought the product that day.  --Arbitron

	In the 17th century, the word ignoramus was a Latin legal expression meaning "we do not know" or "we take no notice of" and used to indicate that evidence in a case was lacking. The word was popularized by George Ruggle, an English dramatist who used it as the name of a lawyer in one of his plays "to expose the ignorance and arrogance of common lawyers." The Latin root is ignorare (to be ignorant), originally from the Greek gnosis (knowledge). This led to the modern words ignore and ignorant. The older Greek root, gnosis, evolved into a wide variety of modern words, including knowledge, agnostic, notice, notify and recognize. 

	College students who copied on tests:  26% in 1963;  52% in 1993.  And using crib notes increased from 6 to 27%.  HS students from 2001-2008:  90% said they cheated, one way or the other.--Donald McCabe

	Burning the rain forests to farm is “like burning all the paintings of the Louvre to cook dinner.”  --entomologist Edward O. Wilson

	Ronald Reagan stripped from the White House the solar panels that Jimmy Carter had installed as a symbolic step toward energy independence.

	Questions Patients Should Ask When Considering Chemotherapy: [from JAMA]
	•  What is my chance of cure? Cancer shrink? Stay stable? Grow?
	•  If not cured, will I live longer?  How much longer?
	•  What are the main side effects?
	•  Will I feel better or worse?
	•  Are there other options, like hospice or palliative care?
	•  Are clinical trials available?
	•  What will likely happen to me?
	•  How long will I live?

	Kampayne Kwiz:
	1.  What Q was McCain asked that prompted 8 seconds of silence before he said he’d get back to the reporter later?
	2.  How many times did Obama tell a debate audience that McCain was “absolutely right”?
	3.  How many times was McCain caught on camera in the first debate appearing to mutter “Horseshit” under his breath?
	4.  Number of states Obama claimed to have visited?
	5.  Obama’s seven-frame bowling score?
	6.  Number of times Palin said “Charlie” in her first interview with Charlie Gibson?
	7.  Number of hours before the first debate began that ads crowing about McCain’s victory in the debate appeared on the Wall Street Journal’s Website?
	8.  Who is Cliff Schecter?
	9.  What % of Americans were eligible to vote in the first Presidential election?

	Kampayne Kwiz answers [from The New Yorker; #9: Jill Lepore]:
	1.  Whether it was fair to allow Viagra to be covered by health insurance, but not birth-control pills, as he had voted.
	2.  Six
	3.  Twice
	4.  57
	5.  47
	6.  10
	7.  At least 11
	8.  Author of book relating an incident where “Cindy playfully twirled McCain’s hair and said, ‘You’re getting a little thin up there,’ and McCain shot back, ‘At least I don’t plaster on the makeup like a trollop, you cunt.’”
	9.  6%

	Need Change?  “During the Bush Administration, the national debt, now approaching ten trillion dollars, has nearly doubled.  Next year’s federal budget is projected to run a half-trillion-dollar deficit, a precipitous fall from the 700 billion dollar surplus that was projected when Bill Clinton left office.  Private-sector job creation has been a sixth of what it was under President Clinton.  Five million people have fallen into poverty.  The number of Americans without health insurance has grown by 7 million, while average premums have nearly doubled.  Meanwhile, the principal domestic achievement of the Bush Administration has been to shift the relative burden of taxation from the rich to the rest.  For the top 1% of us, the Bush tax cuts are worth, on average, about $1,000 per week; for the bottom fifth, about a dollar and a half.”   --The New Yorker

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	621.  80
	622.  The Kurds.
	623.  William Blake
	624.  Hawaii
	625.  “Our Love Is Here to Stay”

	CHALLENGE #141 was:  Shakespeare’s heros and villains can be identified by their drink.  How?  Answer:  heros drink ale; villains drink beer.  --Sam Anderson  [Jerry was close.]

	CHALLENGE #142:  Imagine you are standing in front of a bathroom mirror; how big do you think the image of your face is on the surface?  And what woud happen to the size of that image if you were to step steadily backward away from the glass? 
______________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

Potpourri #143    oct 24
	Featured Quote:  “Without knowing the language of a people, we never really know their thoughts, their feelings, and their type of character.”  --John Stuart Mill

	BIG Q #55:  Why doesn’t every religion have a heaven and hell?

	FACTOID:  20% of the U.S. population lives on $22,000 or less.  --Warren Buffett

	HUMOR [?]:  Jim  Baker and Jimmy Swaggert have written an impressive new book.  It's called: "Ministers Do More Than Lay People."

	Now ya know: 	One human hair can support 3 kg. [6.5 lbs].  --from Carl S.
	KWIKWIZ:
	626.  For Trobiand Islanders (Papua New Guinea), who is the male role model, “parent,” and legal guardian of a child?
	627.  What will Barack Obama do on May 30th 2009?
	628.  Which cathedral has a gargoyle fashioned after Darth Vader?
	629.  What do these have in common? “Turn-On,” “Public Morals,”  “Lawless,”  “The Will,”  “Anchorwoman,” “Quarterlife.”
	630.  What is the world’s leading cause of death?

	Scandinavian vacuum manufacturer Electrolux used the following in an American campaign: "Nothing sucks like an Electrolux." 

	Analyzing candidates’ language:  http://wordwatchers.wordpress.com/

	iStorez.com provides RSS feeds [Really Simple Syndication] of sales and coupons directly to your computer.

	Carla shows how to get jail time for speeding:  www.break.com/index/how-to-turn-a-speeding-ticket-into-jail-time.html

	More Ways To Annoy A Yankee:
	11.  Be sure to include "yes/no ma'am/sir" in all conversations.
	12.  Address all males as "son" and females as "little lady."
	13.  Correct their pronunciation of certain words. For example: It's "pee-can."
	14.  Put Tabasco on everything.
	15.  "Mash" buttons. "Cut" off lights. "Carry" the kids to school. "Fetch" something.
	16.  When invited to dinner, offer to bring dessert. Show up with a box of Moon Pies - banana ones.
	17.  Never simply "do" something. Be "fixin to do" something.
	18.  Use the word "reckon" in a sentence.
	19.   Only use landmarks and ramble on when giving directions. "Now go down Jeff Davis Highway and turn left at where the Chevron station used to be. I think they turned it into an Amoco or maybe a BP. Anyway, turn right there." "You said left." "Did I?  Well, turn left there and follow it until you see a big fish on your left. I remember when that fish used to be on the other side of town."
	20.  Call 'em a Yankee. Works every time.

	Torturing Democracy documentary:  http://torturingdemocracy.org/

	“I know we are here for others.  What I haven’t figured out is what the others are here for.”  --Evelyn Waugh

	One third of cancer deaths are linked to what people eat and how much they move.  --American Cancer Society

	Britain has 4.2 million security cameras [1 for every 14 people].  A typical Londoner makes 300 appearances per day.

	ON VOTING  --David A. Frysell
	•  ‘Democracy’ comes from the Greek: “the people rule.”
	•  First voting was in Athens in 508 B.C. where officials were chosen by lottery, and voting was negative: politicians names were inscribed on pieces of broken pots--ostrakas, the root of ostracize--and if any received more than 6,000 votes, the ‘winner’ was exiled for 10 years.
	•  Positive voting caught on in 13th century Venice, but crossing out unwanted candidates persisted into the 20th c., especially in Southern states.
	•  When citizens cast votes with colored balls the Italian ballota for ‘ball’ led to ballot.  [Blackball comes from the practice of Masonic voting.]
	•  Ancient Romans introduced paper ballots in 139 B.C. The U.S. first used them in 1629 to select a pastor for a church in Salem.
	•  Because these ballots resembled train tickets, voting for the whole slate became a straight ticket.

	Free directory assistance from Mike W.:   http://www.google.com/goog411

	Texting [NYT]:
	•  Max msg on a cell phone:  140 bytes or about 160 characters.  The most common text msg is K [“I have nothing to say and I’m not ignoring your msg”]
	•  LUV was first in print in 1898;  THANX in 1936
	•  Avg. English word is 4 letters;  avg. Inuit word is 14 letters.
	•  4 of 10 teens claim they can text blindfolded. 

	Last Thought:  “McCain isn’t Able”

	BTW:  Why hasn’t the U.S. Attorney General opened an investigation of the fraud and abuse in the financial markets?

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	626.  The mother’s brother. --Bronislaw Malinowski
	627.  Rededicate the Lincoln Memorial in D.C., 4 score and 7 years after it was originally dedicated in 1922.
	628.  The Washington National Cathedral, which is the 2nd largest in the U.S. [after St. John’s in NYC]...it’s one of 110 gargoyles, and they give tours.
	629.  TV ‘series’ that only broadcast one episode.
	630.  Tobacco with about 14,000/day

	CHALLENGE #142 was:  Imagine you are standing in front of a bathroom mirror; how big do you think the image of your face is on the surface?  And what woud happen to the size of that image if you were to step steadily backward away from the glass?  Answer:  Outline your face on the mirror, and you will find it to be exactly half the size of your real face.  Step back as much as you please, and the size of that outlined oval will not change:  it will remain half the size of your face, even as the background scene reflected in the mirror steadily changes.

	CHALLENGE #143:  Why did darker moths become relatively commoner than paler ones in the 19th c.? 
______________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

Potpourri #144    ltrhd  oct 31
	Featured Quote:  “People of character know the difference between what they have a right to do and what is right to do.”  --Michael Josephson

	BIG Q #56:  Is your life enviable or admirable--or both?

	FACTOID:  Countries with the greatest disparity of wealth:  #1:  Mexico;  #2:  Turkey;  #3 Portugal;  #4: U.S.

	HUMOR [?]: When I got my interest-only loan for my house, with bad credit and no job, I told the loan agent: “Thank you, thank you, I don’t know how I will ever repay you for this.”  

	Now ya know: 	The American pet food industry spends more on R&D than the U.S. power companies.

	KWIKWIZ:
	631.  What do the following have in common?  Nullifier, American, Readjuster, Vegetarian, Greenback.
	632.  Trained from birth to be a philosopher, by age 6 he had written a history of Rome; by 7 he was reading Plato in Greek; by 8 Sophocles.  He wrote one of the two major works of the 19th c., about the same time as the other one [Darwin’s]. Name him.
	633.  Who was the half-sister of Jefferson’s slave/lover, Sally Hemmings?
	634.  What was the first domesticated animal?
	635.  What is the fastest fish?

	Response to BIG Q #55 from Fred M.:  “Biblical Judaism does not have a hell. There is only Sheol, also known as the pit - EVERYONE goes there when they die - it is place of shadows where one continues an existence, but without personality...it is a shadowy thing...interestingly, Saul had the witch of Endor conjure up dead Samuel from sheol to ask for advice (doing that was punishable by death, by the way). A tiny piece of American culture trivia - the witch's mom on the TV show Bewitched was named ‘Endora.’ Scholars think the Christian notion of heaven and hell came from the creeping in of Persian dualism in the centuries before Christ. I tend to concur and prefer Tolstoy's understanding of hell as put forth in Grand Inquisitor in the Borthers Karamazov.”

	Everytime we vote we make a decision for our children and grandchildren.

	Before the 19th century Caesarian Section was fatal to the woman, and used as a last attempt to save the unborn.

	Green Myths vs Reality:    “But They Sound good!”
	•  Americans for Balanced Energy Choices [sponsored presidential primary debates then merged to form America’s Power, representing coal and power companies]
	•  Clean and Safe Energy Coalition [funded by the nuclear industry]
	•  Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow [fought against Kyoto Protocol to reduce greenhouse gas; collected > a half-million dollars from ExxonMobil]
	•  Consumer Alliance for Energy Security [supports oil drilling on outer continental shelf, funded by chemical, energy and logging companies]
	•  Environmental Literacy Council [supported by the ExxonMobil, GE, Georgia Pacific, Int’l Paper and Weyerhaeuser Foundations and the American Petroleum Institute.]
	•  Heartland Institute [advocates smokers’ rights and climate issues; funded by ExxonMobil and Philip Morris]
	--www.frontgroups.org

	Have your neighbors contributed to a candidate?  Check at:  elections.nytimes.com/2008/president/campaign-finance/search-contributions.html#

	Almost 100,000 Americans die each year due to preventable medical errors.  --Newt Gingrich

	Q:  If food stamps can’t be used to buy tobacco and alcohol, why can they buy ‘junk food’?

	The U.S. is short 100,000 nurses, and 25% quit the first year.

	Starting 250 years ago, with Karl Linneus, the Swedish naturalist, 1.8 million species have been identified.  Pulitzer-prize winning, MacArthur Fellow, Harvard researcher, E. O. Wilson, believes there are more than 10 million.

	Synecdoche, "sin-EK-doh-kee," [NOT like the city Schenectady] is the figurative device of using any subcategory for a larger category, or vice versa. Synecdoche can be using the part for the whole ("two hundred head" meaning "two hundred cows"), the whole for the part ("Philadelphia won the World Series," for "The Philadelphia Phillies won the World Series"), the special for the general ("a Croesus" for "a rich man," or "three souls" for "three lives"), the general for the special ("a lovely creature" for "a lovely woman").  The word is from Greek, with elements meaning 'together' and 'interpretation; sense.' It is first found in English in the 15th century. 

	Coming Soon:  Holographic TV

	40% of Social Security recipients have no other income.  --James K. Galbraith

	In 1909, Washington became the first of six states to pass an anti-tipping law. They didn’t hold up in court and all were repealed by 1926.  Now, diners leave $42 billion/year in tips at full-service restaurants in the U.S.

	And More Ways to Show Kids You Care:
	41.  Help them become an expert at something.
	42.  Tell them about yourself.
	43.  Let them act their age.
	44.  Admit when you made a mistake.
	45.  Applaud their successes.
	46.  Include them in conversations.
	47.  Be understanding when they have had a difficult day.
	48.  Respect the choices they make.
	49.  Magnify their magnificence.
	50.  Welcome their suggestions.

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	631.  They are all defunct political parties in the U.S.
	632.  John Stuart Mill
	633.  Jefferson’s wife, Martha Wayles. --Annette Gordon-Reed
	634.  The dog about 15,000 years ago...and likely done within a man’s lifetime.
	635.  The sailfish

	CHALLENGE #143 was:  Why did darker moths become relatively commoner than paler ones in the 19th c.?  Answer:  Industrial melanism: The environment became dirtier during the Industrial Revolution, and dark moths resting on a dark, dirty tree were more likely than contrasting pale moths to escape the attention of predators.  --Jared Diamond  [Jim S. got it.]

	CHALLENGE #144:  From Carla:  There are 7 girls in a bus. Each girl has 7 backpacks. In each backpack, there are 7 big cats. For every big cat there are 7 little cats. How many legs are there on the bus? 
______________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

Potpourri #145    nov 7
	Featured Quote:  “People come together to do collectively what they can not do alone.”  --Abe Lincoln

	BIG Q #57:  Plato’s test: Which ONE would you choose? Love, Recognition or Talent? [or, less crudely:  distribute 100 value points to them].

	FACTOID:  Individual diners tipped 19% on avg, while groups of six left 13.5%.  --Ohio restaurant study

	HUMOR [?]:  When Gerber started selling baby food in Africa, they used the same packaging as in the US, with the smiling baby on the label. Later they learned that in Africa, companies routinely put pictures on the label of what's inside, since many people can't read.

	Now ya know: 	Each of us has 60,000 miles of arteries, veins and capillaries.

	KWIKWIZ:
	636.  The under-30 cell-phone-only population favor which political party?
	637.  Why were men given larger brains than dogs?
	638.  How are facts different from values?
	639.  What does an orange, lemon, watermelon, tomato and pineapple have in common?
	640.  Why were ferrets domesticated in Europe?

	Jealousy v. Envy:  Jealousy is triadic: fear of losing someone to someone else.  Envy is diadic: wanting someone to lose something, not necessarily for you to get it--it is a dark feeling and typically labeled a sin.  Frequently it shows hostility from an inferior to a superior.

	Financial Tip:  The wisest strategy is to diversify among your mattresses.

	A Few More Ways to Show Kids You Care:
	51.  Help them learn from their mistakes.
	52.  Tell them what you expect of them beforehand.
	53.  Introduce them to new experiences.
	54.  Expect their best; don't expect perfection; tell them you're pleased
with what they have done. 
	55.  Love them, no matter what!

	36% of mail is recycled;  77% of newspapers.  --Michael Critelli

	Nancy advises using any store gift cards you may have, since a number of stores are closing and they may change their rules.

	“The soul is either mortal or immortal.  If the soul is immortal, there is no death, and thus, there is nothing to fear.  If it is mortal, there is no experience of death, and again, there is nothing to fear.”  --Lucretus in De Rerum Natura, about 50 B.C.

	Sue claims that the dashboard icon of the gas tank indicates the side of the car the gas cap is on: it corresponds to the side of the icon showing the gas hose.

	Food Facts from Michael Pollan:
	•  After cars, the food system uses more fossil fuel than any other sector of the economy:  19%.
	•  Compared with today, in 1940 23 times as many calories of food energy were produced for every calorie of fossil-fuel energy used.
	•  Spending on health care was 5% of gross nat’l income;  today it’s 16%.
	•  4 of the top 10 killers are linked to diet:  heart disease, stroke, Type 2 diabetes and cancer.
	•  In the past several months more than 30 nations have had food riots.
	•  After WWII gov’t encouraged conversion of munitions industry to fertilizer and nerve-gas research to pesticides.  It also started subsidizing farmers for all the corn, soybeens, wheat and rice they could produce.

	40% of the billions of dollars of rebate offers go unredeemed each year.

	"The hypocrite's crime is that he bears false witness against himself.  What makes it so plausible to assume that hypocrisy is the vice of vices is that integrity can indeed exist under the cover of all other vices except this one.  Only crime and the criminal, it is true, confront us with the perplexity of radical evil; but only the hypocrite is really rotten to the core."  (Hannah Arendt, 1963)  --via Jerry

	Fly Swatter Game from Sue:  http://majman.net/fly_loader.html

	Remember being taught that the form GOT is not appropriate as a past participle for use in constructing the perfect aspects?  That is, you must say: “I've gotten used to her being late” not “I've got used to her being late” or “It had gotten so hot that the pavement was soft” not “It had got so hot that the pavement was soft.” In American English, we use GOTTEN in these constructions; in British English, however, GOTTEN is archaic, and GOT is the correct form. This parallels the development of the use of PUT, the past participle of which used to be PUTTEN.

	Knocked-Up Facts in the U.S.:
	•  Almost 750,000 teenage girls will become pregnant this year.
	•  3 in 10 girls will experience at least one pregnancy before age 20.
	•  Nearly 80% of unmarried teen mothers end up on welfare.
	•  Nearly 80% of fathers do not marry their baby’s mother.
							--The Candies Foundation.org

		There hasn’t been so much talk of socialism in an American election since 1920, when Eugene Debs, candidate of the Socialist Party, made his 5th run for president from a cell in Atlanta Federal Penitentiary, where he was serving a 10-year sentence for opposing WWI.  He rec’d a million votes and was freed by the new Republican President Warren G. Harding, who immediately invited him to the White House for a friendly visit.  --Hendrik Hertzberg

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	636.  62% Dem/28% Repub
	637.  So they wouldn’t hump women’s legs at cocktail parties.
	638.  All facts are equivalent...they differ when they have values attached to them.
	639.  They are all berries.
	640.  To hunt rabbits.

	CHALLENGE #144 was:  There are 7 girls in a bus. Each girl has 7 backpacks. In each backpack, there are 7 big cats. For every big cat there are 7 little cats. How many legs are there on the bus?  Answer:  10,990 [Lance got it.]

	CHALLENGE #145:  He killed his wife, mother-in-law, most of his sons, lots of other kids, and almost killed a religious leader.  And his son and grandson succeeding him, each killed a major religious leader.  Who?
______________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

Potpourri #146    Nov 14
	Featured Quote:  “Do what you can, with what you have, where you are.”  --Teddy Roosevelt

	BIG Q #58:  Has religious belief produced more good or more harm in human history?

	FACTOID:  The world’s livestock industry produces more greenhouse gas than the entire global transport fleet.  --United Nations

	HUMOR [?]: When BLONDES have more fun do they know it?

	Now ya know: 	There are almost 15,000 books written about Abraham Lincoln.

	KWIKWIZ:
	641.  Which two musical groups each placed four records in the top ten in 1959?
	642.  Which country created 16 languages, all with different alphabets?
	643.  How will U.S. astronauts get to the International Space Station from 2010-2015?
	644.  What is the change in added sugar that Americans consume from the 1950s to 2000?
	645.  Which state is the only one w/o a mandatory seat-belt law?

	The election dismissed the Bradley Effect in favor of the Huxtable Effect.

	Election-night revelry:  not on Manhattan’s upper East side, where folks were crying because they will have to pay tax again.  

	More Food Facts from Michael Pollan:
	•  Gov’t prevents subsidized farmers from growing fruits and veggies and animals--to protect CA and FL growers.  But, the greater the diversity of crops on a farm, the less the need for fertilizer and pesticides.
	•  USDA estimates that Americans throw out 14% of the food they buy.;  much more is wasted by retailers, wholesalers and institutions.
	•  A pound of feedlot beef takes 5,000 gallons of water to produce.
	•  40% of the world’s grain is fed to animals;  11% of the world’s corn and soybeans is fed to cars and trucks as biofuel.

	“Conservatives tend to be happier than liberals, in general...A conservative outlook rationalizes social inequality, accepting the world as it is, and making less of a threat to one’s well-being, whereas a liberal outlook leads to dissatisfaction with the world as it is, and a sense that things need to change before one can be really happy.”  --Psychologist Rod Martin

	What’s the most beautiful word you have ever heard?  Wilfred Funk's list of the most beautiful words in English include: FAWN, DAWN, CHALICE, ANEMONE, TRANQUIL, HUSH, GOLDEN, HALCYON, CAMELLIA, BOBOLINK, THRUSH, CHIMES, MURMURING, LULLABY, LUMINOUS, DAMASK, CERULEAN, MELODY, MARIGOLD, JONQUIL, ORIOLE, TENDRIL, MYRRH, GOSSAMER, MIST, OLEANDER, AMARYLLIS, ROSEMARY.  However, according to James Joyce, CUSPIDOR is the most beautiful word in English. 

	People who drank two or more sugary sodas/day were at a 40% higher risk for kidney damage.  --Loyola University

	“Sex was once private and funerals were public, now sex is everywhere and the dead go to their graves [Iraq/Afghanistan] often as not without witness or ritual.”  --Thomas Lynch

	Food Facts:
	•  Nearly one Billion people in the world live on a dollar/day or less [World Bank]
	•  The U.S. daily food-stamp allowance is just a few dollars/person. 
	•  Studies show that junk foods tend to cost less than fruits, vegetables and other healthful foods, whose prices continue to rise.  
	•  A recent study of prices of 370 foods at Seattle supermarkets showed that “energy dense” junk foods, packed with the most calories and fewest nutrients per gram, were far less expensive than nutrient-rich, lower-calorie foods like fruits and vegetables.  The prices of the most healthful foods surged 19.5% over the 2-year study, while junk food prices dropped 1.8%.  --Adam Drewnowski, J of Am. Dietetic Assn.

	The reading level of language of the final debate:  O:  9th;  McC: 7th   --Global Language Monitor

	Joe O’B tells of a corporate shake-up:  Arcelor-Mittal Steel hired a new CEO who was determined to rid the company of slackers. He noticed a guy leaning on a wall. The room was full of workers and he wanted to let them know he meant business. He asked the guy, 'How much money do you make a week?'  A little surprised, the young man replied, 'I make $400 a week. Why?' The CEO then handed the guy $1,600 in cash and screamed, 'Here's four weeks' pay, now GET OUT and don't come back.' Feeling pretty good about himself, the CEO looked around the room and asked, 'Does anyone want to tell me what that goof-ball did here? ' From across the room came a voice, 'Pizza delivery guy from Domino's.'

	Bar-Code Code:  the first few digits tell the country of origin, from Fred B.
		00 ~ 13 USA & CANADA
		30 ~ 37 FRANCE
		40 ~ 44 GERMANY
		49 ~ JAPAN
		50 ~ UK
		57 ~ Denmark
		64 ~ Finland
		76 ~ Switzerland and Liechtenstein
		471~ Taiwan
		480 ~ Philippines
		628 ~ Saudi-Arabia
		629 ~ United Arab Emirates
		690-695 ~ China
		740 ~ 745 - Central America

	Walnut:  wal comes from the Latin meaning “foreigner”[i.e., foreign nut]...similar to the Greek word “Welsch” meaning a foreigner from Wales.

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	641.  The Beatles and The Kingston Trio
	642.  India
	643.  From Star City, Russia since our space shuttle program will be shut down for that period.
	644.  A 40% increase to 134 grams per day.
	645.  New Hampshire, and they therefore forgo federal highway funding.

	CHALLENGE #145 was:  He killed his wife, mother-in-law, most of his sons, lots of other kids, and almost killed a religious leader.  And his son and grandson succeeding him, each killed a major religious leader. Answer:  Herod the Great killed the ‘Holy Innocents’ in an attempt to kill Jesus.  His son killed John the Baptist and his g’son killed St. James. [Lance and Jerry got it.]

	CHALLENGE #146:  Which physical characteristic went from 50% of Americans a century ago to 84% today?
______________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com


Potpourri #147    Nov 21
	Featured Quote:  “The opposite of love is not hate, but indifference.  The opposite of hate is hate.”  --Elie Wiesel

	BIG Q #59:  	In court, murder and manslaughter have different punishments since they differ by intent:  to kill or just to harm.  Murder and attempted murder both have the same intent, but can differ by chance: “I missed!”  Why do they have different punishments?

	FACTOID:  1/3 of Chinese live along the Yangtze; 2 million of them are being relocated to build the Three Gorges Dam.

	HUMOR [?]: Coors put its slogan, "Turn it loose," into Spanish, where it was read as "Suffer from diarrhea."

	Now ya know: 	7,000 people/month are caught by NYC police for not paying the $2 transit fare.  --NYT

	KWIKWIZ:
	646.  What body part most frequently mentioned in songs?
	647.  Which state capitol is the tallest in the nation?
	648.  Where was the first auto parkway?
	649.  What is the sacred color of Hinduism?
	650.  What is the opposite of ‘superfood’?

	Correction for #641:  “The Beatles weren’t even together in 1959” says John H.

	Medical Mystery from Carl S.:  In a hospital's ICU, critically ill patients always died in the same bed, on Sunday morning, at about 11:00 am, regardless of their medical condition. A worldwide team of experts assembled to investigate. The next Sunday morning, a few minutes before 11:00 am., they nervously waited outside the ward, some holding crosses, prayer books, and other holy objects to ward off the evil spirits. When the clock struck 11:00, Pookie Johnson, the part-time Sunday sweeper, entered the ward and unplugged the life support system so he could use the vacuum cleaner.

	Art in a needle’s eye from Carl S.: www.maniacworld.com/art-in-the-eye-of-a-needle.html

	Marriage between slaves was not legal in the U.S., since slaves were property.  Now, same-sex marriages aren’t legal...but for how long?

	Election News:  Ward 2 of Anamosa, Iowa had 1,400 residents in the Census, about the same as the other three wards, but 1,300 are inmates in the local prison.  There are only 58 actual residents, and a councilman won his election to represent the ward with two write-in votes:  his wife and a neighbor.  --NYT

	More economic problems you didn’t predict, from Jim S.:  http://www.theonion.com/content/video/economists_warn_anti_bush

	CORPS has the plural spelled the same way as the singular but pronounced differently.  Other such words are CHASSIS, BOURGEOIS, RENDEZVOUS, PINCE-NEZ, FAUX PAS, PRÉCIS 
	
	VOTE Falsies 2008:  survey.prwatch.org/public/survey.php?name=FALSIES2008FINAL
	
	Still More Food Facts from Michael Pollan:
	•  Two million U.S. farmers feed 300 million people, and farmland is being lost to development at 2,880 acres/day.
	•  Eleanor Roosevelt started the Victory Garden movement in 1943 [over the objection of USDA which feared harm to the food industry].  By the end of the war 20 million home gardens supplyed 40% of America’s produce.
	•  We each eat 190 lbs of meat/year.

	Strange buildings from Fred B.:  villageofjoy.com/50-strange-buildings-of-the-world/

	Famous Lines from the Supreme Court:
	--Justice is pictured as blind and her daughter, the law, ought to be colorblind. 
	--Our Constitution is colorblind & neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens.
	--Clear and present danger.
	--The evil of invasion of privacy.
	--The right to be let alone.
	--Once free always free and later:  Once a slave always a slave.
	--Free black persons could not be citizens.
	--There is no war between the constitution and common sense.
	--One person, one vote.
	--Wall of separation between church and state.
	--Separate is inherently unequal.
	--With all deliberate speed.
	--Shouting ‘fire’ in a theater;
	--Probable cause.
	--I know it when I see it.
	--...not shed constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door.
	--Material that is patently offensive or appeals to prurient interest in sex based on contemporary community standards.

	Visit ancient Rome in 3D:  http://earth.google.com/rome/index.html

	Descendents of the Mayflower number about 35 million, today.  --Ancestry.com

	232 Condom slogans from Jim S.:  www.condomslogans.com/

	Sidney Weinberg [wine-boig] was born in 1891, one of 11 children of a Brooklyn bootlegger. He left school at 15 with scars on his back from pre-teen knife fights.  At 16 he visited Wall Street, looking for a “nice-looking, tall building.”  He started at the top floor, working down to the 3rd floor, asking at every office, “Want a boy?”  The next day he returned to the 3rd floor, and with chutzpah, claimed he was asked to come back there...and landed a job as assistant to the janitor of a small company.  By 1927 he was a partner, and, over the next 42 years, built it to the world-class firm it is today...Goldman-Sachs. [from Malcolm Gladwell]

	Squeaky the Cowhand from Fred B.:  http://link.brightcove.com/services/link/bcpid960594369/bctid1716406566

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	646.  The eyes.
	647.  Louisiana’s in Baton Rouge is 34 stories and 450 feet high.
	648.  The Long Island Motor Parkway built by William K. Vanderbilt II in 1908 running 45 miles east from Queens, so he could create his race, the Vanderbilt Cup. Toll was $2; it closed in 1938 with parts still extant.
	649.  Orange
	650.  Superfood was first used to describe wine in 1915 in Jamaica; it now means food loaded with vitamins/minerals.  It is an antidote for ‘Frankenfoods’ which are genetically modified meats and plants.

	CHALLENGE #146 was:  Which physical characteristic went from 50% of Americans a century ago to 84% today?  Answer:  Brown eyes

	CHALLENGE #147:  He had little formal education, and at age 7 sold candy in a theater.  He married on the sly and had 3 children in 5 years.   He covered his face with yellowish makeup to fake illness to escape his homeland.  A U.S. customs official misspelled his name. His first partner absconded with their money.  His wife dropped dead on the sidewalk after having their 4th child.  He sent ‘home’ for a new wife who gave him his 5th, but he divorced her. He opened a barbershop which prospered and married a neighbor. He became a success in Hollywood, making wigs, but not for movies, and became a household name. As an international celebrity he received a death threat, demanding $200, and died in bed at 61. His son took over the business and changed his name to that of his father’s, which was the name of the world-wide business. Who?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

Potpourri #148    Nov 28
	Featured Quote:  “For all good and evil consists in sensation, but death is deprivation of sensation...So death, the most terrifying of all ills, is nothing to us, since so long as we exist, death is not with us, but when death comes, then we do not exist.  It does not then concern either the living, or the dead, since the former is not, and the latter are no more.”  --Epicurus in “Letter to Menoeceus” about 300 B.C.

	BIG Q #60:  Is an action right because God commands it, or does God command it because it is right?

	FACTOID:  A grasshopper can leap 20 times the length of its own body.  If humans could they would be able to jump almost 40 yards.

	HUMOR [?]: "As I'm sure you can understand," the interviewer said to the job applicant, "in a business like this, our personal integrity must be beyond question."  She leaned forward. "Mr. Peterson, are you an 'honest' lawyer?" "Honest?" replied the job prospect. "Why, I'm so honest that my dad lent me $15,000 for my education and I paid back every penny the minute I tried my very first case.""Impressive. And what sort of case was that?" He squirmed in his seat and admitted, "My dad sued me for the money."  --Nancy K.

	Now ya know: 	Crushed cockroaches can be applied to a stinging wound to help relieve pain.

	KWIKWIZ:
	651.  What does ‘Wi-Fi’ stand for?
	652.  In October, Iranian workers assembled a sandwich larger than the Guinness record of 4,900 feet.  Why didn’t they win?
	653.  China announced it would subsidize the absolute poorest: those below what income per day?
	654.  Why are the best Canadian hockey players disproportionately born in Jan/Feb/Mar?
	655.  Which state has the most structurally deficient bridges?

	HIV VIRUS is an obvious redundancy, since the "v" stands for "virus." Some other common ones which include an abbreviation are ATM MACHINE, SALT TALKS, START TALKS, VIN NUMBER, PIN NUMBER, AC CURRENT,  ISBN NUMBER, DOS OPERATING SYSTEM, and LCD DISPLAY. 

	The original meaning of vetting:  to submit an animal to examination by a veterinarian.”  --William Safire

	The Pentagon’s budget in 2008 increased 85% in real dollars since 2000--about equal to all the rest of the world’s defense budgets.  It is the highest level in real dollars since WWII.

	Re: gay teachers:  “If it were true that children mimic their teachers, we’d have a hell of a lot more nuns running around.”  --Harvey Milk in the film

	How Goes Detroit?
	•  Gun makers made revolvers with removeable parts...when the market shrank they used those techniques to make sewing machines, later woodworking machines, bicycles, cars and finally trucks.
	•  Before making cell phones, Nokia made paper.
	•  Before making cars, Toyota made looms.

	In August, after Clinton dropped out and before Palin was nominated, 69% of respondents believed that men and women made equally good leaders.  In fact, women were rated equal to or better than men on 7 of 8 ‘leadership traits,” such as honesty, intelligence, ambition, creativity and compassion.  Men scored higher only on decisiveness.  --Pew Research Center

	A recent survey found 55% of American men 18-24, and 14% of those 25-40, live with their parents.  --Joan Acocella

	Unjust Desserts:  90% of private earnings are the result not of individual ingenuity, effort or investment, but of the "unjust" appropriation of our collective inheritance, i.e., the cumulative knowledge that we all inherit is key to individual achievement.
	If the market rewarded people according to their contributions it would make up only 10-20% of the rich’s income. They don’t work harder and are not morally justified in deservingness, or “deserts” than the rest of us.
	The individual’s role in advancing art, science and technology is mostly based on our common heritage. The wave of cultural and scientific knowledge pushes a few people to the next level, e.g.:
	•  Alexander Graham Bell & Elisha Gray, both filed for a telephone patent the same day, but worked independently;	
	•  Gary Kindall created the same computer operating system that Bill Gates then "perfected."	
	•  Charles Darwin racing to complete The Origin of the Species because Alfred Russel Wallace was about to publish the same arguement.
	The individual isn’t really important in the case of each breakthrough. Instead, the development of knowledge is society’s forward-moving catalyst.
	--From:  UNJUST DESERTS How the Rich Are Taking Our Common Inheritance and Why We Should Take It Back By Gar Alperovitz & Lew Daly  --thanks to Elizabeth W.

	IvyWise gives a course on college admission for up to $40 thousand.

	Perdure means to remain in existence throughout a substantial period of time; to endure.  It comes from the French per-du’--the ‘last man’ who was the guard at the farthest outpost.

	Origin of the perjorative “a turkey”:  Broadway producers who had a weak show would open it at Thanksgiving to capitalize on the undiscriminating out-of-town tourists.

	Do you know the Noah/Ark/Flood story from the Bible?
	•  How many days was Noah on the ark?  40 days or 150 days?
	•  Which bird alerted Noah that the flood was over?  Dove or Raven?
	•  How many of each animal did he bring?  A pair or 7 pairs of ‘clean’ animals and 2 of ‘unclean’ ones?

	NOTE: All are clearly stated in the Bible.

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	651.  I thought it was ‘wireless-fidelity,’ but the Wi-Fi Alliance, which hired a branding firm to create it, says it doesn’t stand for anything.  It means a ‘wireless hot spot.’
	652.  People ate some before it was officially measured.
	653.  30¢
	654.  The eligibility cut-off in age-grouped youth leagues is Jan. 1, so those born in the beginning of the year are older than their peers and these more mature youths get more coaching attention.  --Rober Barnsley
	655.  Pennsylvania

	CHALLENGE #147 was:  He had little formal education, and at age 7 sold candy in a theater.  He married on the sly and had 3 children in 5 years.   He covered his face with yellowish makeup to fake illness to escape his homeland.  A U.S. customs official misspelled his name. His first partner absconded with their money.  His wife dropped dead on the sidewalk after having their 4th child.  He sent ‘home’ for a new wife who gave him his 5th, but he divorced her. He opened a barbershop which prospered and married a neighbor. He became a success in Hollywood, making wigs, but not for movies, and became a household name. As an international celebrity he received a death threat, demanding $200, and died in bed at 61. His son took over the business and changed his name to that of his father’s, which was the name of the world-wide business.  Answer:  Max Factor [Faktor]. His Hollywood wigs had 135,168 individually knotted strands of human hair;  60,000 in a full beard, and 7,000 in a false mustache. [Jerry, Lance and Joe E. got it.]
	CHALLENGE #148:  It’s mentioned over 400 times in the Bible and 700 in shakespeare, and it completes it’s work in a minute;  when it doesn’t there is a serious problem.  
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Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

POTPOURRI #149    Dec 5
	Featured Quote:  “Practice isn’t the thing you do once you’re good, it’s the thing you do that makes you good.”  Research shows that the “magic number for true expertise” is 10,000 hours   --Malcolm Gladwell

	BIG Q #61:  What is the point of Daylight Savings Time?

	FACTOID:  Banks made $25.3 Billion in 2006 on over-draft related fees, up 48% in two years.

	HUMOR [?]: 	Carl S. was depressed last night, he called Lifeline, and got a call center in Pakistan .He told them he was suicidal, and they got all excited and asked if he could drive a truck.

	MUSICAL INTERLUDE:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=wyOf_L4cNHc
	Glenn Gould plays Bach

	Now ya know: 	NYT columnists, unlike most others, write their own headlines, and may only accept a fee for speaking to a nonprofit group. 

	KWIKWIZ:
	656.  Who are the ‘Four Daughters of God”?
	657.  The general belief that the first U.S. cat show was in Madison Square Garden in 1895 is wrong.  Correct it!
	658.  Why does the Lincoln Memorial have three dozen columns?
	659.  Who are the world’s top two movie stars? [They are both black.]
	660.  How many Americans have no indoor toilet?

	FREE on-line back-up of 2 gigs [Really!]:  https://mozy.com/?ref=CZL8JN
 
   The words capitol and capital are from different Latin roots. The more general term, capital, has various senses: punishable by death, principal, a seat of government, and wealth used in an investment. It’s from the Latin caput, meaning head [no relation to the German, kaput.]  The more limited term, capitol, refers to the buildings where the U.S. Congress meets and is a direct import from Latin into American English from the Capitoline Hill, one of the seven hills of ancient Rome, where the temple to Jupiter once stood. The architecture of Washington was deliberately designed to evoke images of the Roman Republic, and the word chosen for the halls of Congress does also. 

	Find sales & coupons:  dealhack.com/	bensbargains.net/	 wantnot.net/

	More On-Line Bargains:  FatWallet.com,  BudgetFashionista.com  RetailMeNot.com  CouponMom.com   CouponCode.com

	“There are only four kinds of people in the world--those who have been caregivers, those who are currently caregivers, those who will be caregivers and those who will need caregivers.”  --Rosalynn Carter

	Last year officials revealed that 5% of applicants to Oxford & Cambridge embellished their apps with material taken from the Web.  Explaining why they wanted to study chemistry, 234 applicants said “burning a hole in my pajamas at age eight,” as a formative experience.  --Joan Acocella

	One in six American children live below the poverty line--prior to our current financial crisis.

	If a Wealthy man steals, they say he forgets;
	If a Poor man forgets, they say he stole.

	Got LD?      [from Malcolm Gladwell]
	•  Paul Orfalea, founder of Kinko’s, was a D student who failed two grades, was expelled from 4 schools and graduated at the bottom of his HS class.  “In 3rd grade, the only word I could read was ‘the,’” he said, “I used to keep track of where the group was reading by following from one ‘the’ to the next.”
	•  Richard Branson, the British billionaire who started the Virgin empire, dropped out of school at 15 after struggling with reading and writing.
	•  Higb Chambers who built Cisco into a 100 billion dollar corporation has trouble reading e-mail.
	•  Cell-phone pioneer, Craig McCaw, is dyslexic, as is Charles Schwab, the discount broker.
	•  35% of small-business owners surveyed by Julie Logan were self-identified as dyslexic.
	•  In a British study, 80% of dyslexic entrepreneurs had been captain of a HS sport, vs. 27% of non-dyslexic entrepreneurs.  They compensated for their academic shortcomings by developing superior social skills.
	•  A disproportionate number of prisoners are dyslexic, as well.	

	Rubrik’s Cube: 3-year-old in 114 seconds:  cute.videosift.com/video/3-Year-Old-Solves-Rubiks-Cube-in-114-seconds

	From Elizabeth G.:  A man explained inflation to his wife thus:
“When we married, you measured 36-24-36. Now you're 42-42-42. There's more of you, but you are not worth as much.”   -- Lord Barnett

	Check PR propaganda at:  sourcewatch.org

	The word PIZZA is obviously related to the word PITA, a yeast-risen flat bread which was Egyptian.  In 1889, a Neapolitan baker named Raffaele Esposito invented a special pizza for a state visit of Queen Margherita to Naples.  He used basil, mozzarella and tomatoes, which represented the three colors of the Italian flag. 

	Not since August has the Governor of Alaska been in the state capital.

	What reforms could begin income redistribution for social justice? 
	•  Increase income tax for the top 1-2%, raising the current cap on Social Security taxes, increasing corporate taxes – especially on windfall gains on oil industry profits, and increasing inheritance taxes on large estates.
 	•  Use proceeds for the common good:  universal health care, fixing decaying infrastructures, education & research.
	•  Yale law professors Bruce Ackerman & Anne Abbott suggest an allocation of $80,000 to every citizen upon reaching adulthood – to be used most likely for a college education. That “capital stake” would be recouped at death through an inheritance tax.
	--From:  UNJUST DESERTS How the Rich Are Taking Our Common Inheritance and Why We Should Take It Back By Gar Alperovitz & Lew Daly  --thanks to Elizabeth W.

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	656.  Truth, Justice, Mercy and Peace
	657.  In 1860, the first cat show was of the Maine Coon Cat [we have one] in New England.
	658.  The number of states--including the Confederacy--in 1865.
	659.  Will Smith [an Overbrook H.S. in Philly grad] and Denzel Washington
	660.  Two million

	CHALLENGE #148 was:  It’s mentioned over 400 times in the Bible and 700 in shakespeare, and it completes it’s work in a minute;  when it doesn’t there is a serious problem.  Answer:  Blood  [Jerry got it]

	CHALLENGE #149:  Since 1976 there have been 1,158 U.S. patents for specific sporting equipment that sells 1.5 billion globally, every year. Name it. 
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