Potpourri  130  july 25
	Featured Quote:  “Blasphemy depends on belief, and is fading with it.  If anyone doubts this let him sit down seriously and try to think blasphemous thoughts about Thor.”  --G.K. Chesterton

	BIG Q #42:  With Exxon/Mobil making extraordinarily high profits, why aren’t they putting it into research on alternative energy sources?  AND:  Why do they want to drill in the Arctic when 80% of Federal land they lease is not being explored?

	FACTOID:  1/3 of the Starbucks in the U.S. are in two states:  CA and FL

	HUMOR [?]: A guy goes into a bar with a black eye and his face all scratched up. A friend asks how it happened. The guy shrugs, "It was because of a Freudian slip."  "How can a Freudian slip give you that shiner?" "Well, I was in bed with my wife and she's smiling at me and it looks like we could get it on. So I try to say, 'I love you,' but what comes out of my mouth is, 'Bitch, you ruined my life.'"

	Now ya know: 	If the average male never shaved, his beard would be 13 feet long when he died.  --Jim H.

	TOO COOL...from Carla:  www.leduchamp.com/   www.mirrormouse.com/ 

	KWIKWIZ:
	561.  What percent of French women’s clothing budget goes for lingerie?
	562.  Alexis deTocqueville said that Americans in the 1830s always had three things in their cabin. 
	563.  When William the Conquerer invaded England in 1066, what part of the country belonged to the Church?
	564.   In the 13th c. Western scholastics translated Aristotle into Latin from which language?
	565.  Who was the first living person on a Canadian stamp, other than a reigning monarch? 

	To bate is to reduce in intensity or force. Today, the word almost always appears in the phrase "bated breath": "He told the story with bated breath, almost whispering, so that we had to lean forward to hear him." The word is a shortened form of abate (lessen, decrease, deduct, subside).

	The full story of Christian, the lion, from Carl:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=adYbFQFXG0U

	Increased levels of CO2 make poison ivy grow more vigorously and produce a more toxic form of urushiol, the resin that causes the rash.  --Duke University

	Nearly 1/3 of all residential water use in the U.S. goes toward landscaping.  --EPA

	Obama’s Plan:  NOT universal or national health care, but universal access to health care.
	McCain’s Plan:  Tax employer contributions to fund health insurance.
 	What’s Needed:  Universal, Single-Pay Health Care [like the rest of the industrialized nations of the world].

	Global perspective from George:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHWTLA8WecI

	What makes something funny?  The Freud sex theory: because they express our forbidden impulses about sex.  The Superiority theory:  when we laugh we feel we’re superior to others, like cuckolds or Polacks.  The Incongruity theory:  we laugh when things from different compartments of our mind are absurdly yanked together.  The perfect joke?  Freud said jokes should be the absolute minimum number of words.  “Pretentious, moi?”   --Jim Holt

	Phil Gramm said that the fomer CEO of AT&T, Ed Whitacre, was “probably the most exploited worker in American history: since he received only a $158 million pay package rather than the “billions” he deserved for his success in growing SW Bell.  --Wall Street Journal

	The Dark Side [finally, a review]:  www.nytimes.com/2008/07/22/books/22schuessler.html?scp=2&sq=jennifer%20schuessler&st=cse

	2 Qs to identify future smokers.  Ask 6th graders:  How easy would it be to get a cigarette?  If they say easy, they are more likely to become smokers by high school.  And if they also say they have friends who smoke, they are even more likely to start.  C. A. Doubeni

	Who said:  “McCain is too old, too intense, too opportunistic, too liberal.”  --Rush Limbaugh

	Concerned about FISA and your privacy?  www.aclu.org/listen

	Oil/Car Update:  by Nelson Schwartz, NYT
	•  We have 4% of the world’s population, but consume 1/4 of the world’s oil:  our daily use is nearly twice the combined consumption of Chinese and Indians.
	•  Last year Congress approved the first big fuel-efficiency standards in 32 years: a fleet avg of 35 mpg by 2020.  Currently, Europe is at 44 mpg and 48 mpg in 2012.
	•  Ford’s full-size F-series pickup was the country’s best-selling vehicle for 26 consecutive years.  Sales are down 40%. Wall St. expects Ford to lose $2 Billion this year.
	KWIKWIZ answers:
	561.  20%  --Elaine Siolino
	562.  hatchet, Bible and newspapers
	563.  1/6  --Phillip Cary
	564.  Arabic.  In the Middle Ages the Arab world was a source for new scientific knowledge as well as the custodian for the classical tradition, translated from Greek in the 9th c.
	565.  Jazz artist Oscar Peterson in 2005

	CHALLENGE #129 was:  List the following by their order of domestication:  edible acorns, almonds, olives, peas, pecans and strawberries.  Answer:  Peas, 8,000 B.C.; Olives around 4,000 B.C.;  Almonds around 3,000 B.C.; Strawberries in the Middle Ages; Pecans, 1846; edible Acorns remained untamed today.  --Jared Diamond  Jerry got the order correct with added details:  1.  Peas, said to have been domesticated early on a Thursday morning in late April in 8004 BC.  2.  Olives, apparently developed out of necessity to accompany the new gin martini during happy hour one Friday afternoon in 4128 BC.  3.  Almonds, needed for candy bars that emerged in the winter of 987 BC.  4.  Strawberries, domesticated by medieval monks to suppress (it didn't work) their sexual desires and masturbation, fornication, and child sexual abuse continued for centuries thereafter as a result of eating ever-increasing amounts of strawberries and, later, watermelons.  5.  Pecans, domesticated during 1846 in Mississippi by Stuckey's, during a bad cotton crop year.  6.  Edible acorns.  Sorry, it hasn't happened--yet--for humans, but the United Squirrels Association (USA) disagrees strongly about the "edible" bit and places the date in pre-historic times.  Oak trees have been notoriously uncooperative and the USA has strongly alligned itself with the oak trees organization, so as not to diminish a major food supply.   

	CHALLENGE #130:  Spanish invaders of the Incas ‘had their way’ with native women, but only after a certain act was performed.  Name it?
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Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com 

Potpourri #131  August 1   ltrhed
	Featured Quote:  “The Bush administration’s extralegal counterterrorism program presented the most dramatic, sustained and radical challenge to the rule of law in American history....No position taken has done more damage to the American reputation in the world--ever.”   --historian Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.

	BIG Q #43:  When will President Bush give blanket pardons to all involved in “enhanced interrogation,” “extreme rendition,” etc.?

	Supplementary Q:  Is Afghanistan another VietNam?

	FACTOID:  The 10 pounds Americans gained on average during the 1990s required airlines to use an additional 350 million gallons of fuel/year.  --Jerry Adler

	HUMOR [?]: from Fred B.:  A little guy is sitting at the bar staring at his drink, when a big trouble-making biker grabs his drink, gulps it down and says, 'What'cha gonna do about it?' The poor little guy starts crying. 'Come on man I was just giving you a hard time,' the biker says.  'This is the worst day of my life,' says the little guy. 'I can't do anything right. I missed an important meeting, so my boss fired me. I found my car was stolen and I don't have any insurance. I left my wallet in the cab I took home. I found my wife in bed with the gardener and my dog bit me. So I came to this bar trying to work up the courage to put an end to my life, and then you show up and drink the damn poison.'
	Now ya know: 	“In conversation with British human rights lawyer Philippe Sands, the top military lawyer in Guantanamo, Diane Beaver, said quite earnestly that Jack Bauer [from the TV program “24”] ‘gave people lots of ideas’ as they sought for interrogation models.”   --Jane Mayer

	TOO COOL...from Carla:  www.pleasetouchme.com/ 
www.itwillneverbethesame.com/ 

	KWIKWIZ:
	566.  A religious leader who warns of the entanglements of religion and urges people to stay with their original faiths.
	567.  What did the Phoenicians discover while cooking on sand around BC 3500? 
	568.  What happened to American Indians in 1924?
	569.  Which came first [by 100 years] convave or convex lenses?
	570.  From 1791 to 1841 there was Lower Canada and Upper Canada.  Which was above the other?

	Canine freestyle from John E.:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=-0jNC_w1tSw

	Taboo, also spelled tabu, is one of the very rare words in English that comes from Tongan, the Polynesian language of Tonga, an island east of Fiji. The only other word that you'd have a chance of encountering is kava, which is an intoxicating drink made from the root of a particular plant; the word also refers to the plant itself. 

	Incredible bouncing woman from Jonnie N.:  http://www.izpitera.ru/lj/tetka.swf

	China produces 24,000 cars per day.

	Eating humble pie:  a pun on umble, the nasty bits of a deer--offal.

	New Ad:  	http://acp.3cdn.net/0d007fd6b9f0a3894e_g3m6beuus.pdf

	A simple math trick:
	1. Using a calculator, key in the first three digits of your phone number (NOT the area code)
	2. Multiply by 80
	3. Add 1
	4. Multiply by 250
	5. Add the last 4 digits of your phone number
	6. Add the last 4 digits of your phone number again.
	7. Subtract 250
	8. Divide number by 2
	Do you recognize the answer?

	Short film of the year [brought tears to my eyes] from Nancy K.:   http://en.zappinternet.com/video/nilSqaMboM/HISTORIA-DE-UN-LETRERO-THE-STORY

	“He who forgives ends the quarrel.”  --African proverb

	Must see for educators/parents/all:  ‘Did You Know’ from Martie:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjKBsfk_O8c&feature=related

	A man of peace, Mahatma Gandhi promoted the concept of nonviolent protesting to the people of India — and subsequently, the world. After declaring independence against Great Britain, Gandhi led thousands of his followers on a 248-mile journey from Ahmedabad to Dandi:  To create salt. The British salt tax in India was unbearable, and salt became unobtainable by the poor. Gandhi taught them how to produce illegal salt by boiling salty mud in water. Mass civil disobedience spread quickly and British authorities arrested more than 80,000 citizens involved in illegal salt production. The Salt Satyagraha served as an example to the world of the power of peaceful protesting. 

	Jews v. Blacks on The Daily Show from Alan D:  www.thedailyshow.com/video/index.jhtml?videoId=177061&title=baruch-obama

	What does D.A.M. stand for?               Mothers Against Dyslexia.

	T. Boone Pickens:  We have <3% of the world’s oil reserves and use 25% of the world’s production.  We can never drill our way out of dependency on foreign oil.   8 million cars run on natural gas; only 142,000 are in the U.S.  See the Pickens Plan, from Jeanie K:  http://link.brightcove.com/services/link/bcpid1641244028/bclid1641831933/bctid1653634930

	Catercorner has eight accepted spellings in standard dictionaries: catercorner, cater-cornered, catacorner, cata-cornered, catty-corner, catty-cornered, kitty-corner, and kitty-cornered. Another dictionary has cater-corner. 

	Lion v. buffalo from Alan:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=LU8DDYz68kM

	Junk mail returns $12 for every $1 invested. [So don’t respond!]

	McCain’s ads are running 9 negative for each positive one.  Rove’s team in action.

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	566.  The 14th Dalai Lama
	567.  Glassmaking
	568.  They got full U.S. citizenship
	569.  Concave:  ~1350;  Convex:  ~1450
	570.  Lower Canada was North of the Ottawa River; Upper Canada hugged the Great Lakes

	CHALLENGE #130 was:  Spanish invaders of the Incas ‘had their way’ with native women, but only after a certain act was performed.  What?  Answer:  Baptism.  Jim S. got it.

	CHALLENGE #131:  Coevals:  Two men with world-wide impact were born the same day and year.  Other commonalities:  lost mother as a child; suffered depression and religious doubt; bad relations w/father; lost children early; unsettled career through their 20s; private & guarded; excellent writers.  Who are they? 
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Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com 


Potpourri #132  August 8   ltrhd
	Featured Quote:  “Greed and laziness, you put them together and you get a criminal.”  --Jimmy Breslin

	BIG Q #44:  If men can run the world, why can't they stop wearing neckties? How intelligent is it to start the day by tying a noose around your neck?

	FACTOID:  77% of France’s energy is from nuclear power.  Sweden started to tax carbon in 1991.

	HUMOR [?]: Carla saw a man board a plane with six kids.  After they got settled in their seats a woman across the aisle asked, “Are all of those kids yours?”   He replied, “No.  I work for a condom company.  These are customer complaints.”
	Now ya know: 	East & West coasters put catsup on burgers; the middle of the country uses mustard.

	KWIKWIZ:
	571.  How did explorers Lewis & Clark spell ‘mosquito’ in their journals?
	572.  In the 1877 plague in Minnesota, farmers were paid for collecting bushels of what?
	573.  Why is the avocado called testicle plant?
	574.  Humans die faster w/o food or sleep?
	575.  What do Faith Hill, Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis, Pat Nixon, Garfield creator Jim Davis, Al Gore, Dolly Parton, Johnny Carson, and Johnny Cash have in common?

	Salmagundi [SAL-muh-GUN-dee] is an artfully arranged salad that usually contains anchovies or salt herring, eggs, onions, and chopped meats. Sometimes it's called Solomon Gundy, but usually the latter is a sauce, pate or spread, rather than a salad. The word also has been used many times as the name of something with lots of assorted ingredients, such as an anthological literary journal, or a restaurant with a widely varied menu. 

	The truth re cell phones from Krishna:  http://www.snopes.com/science/cookegg.asp

	Of the 200,000 wild plant species, only a few thousand are eaten by humans, and just a few hundred have been more or less domesticated.  A mere dozen species account for over 80% of the modern world’s annual tonnage of crops:  the cereals [wheat, corn, rice, barley and sorghum]; soybean; roots or tubers [potato, manioc, sweet potato]; and sugar sources [sugarcane and sugar beet]; and the fruit bananas.  Cereal crops alone account for most of the calories consumed in the world.  --Jared Diamond

	A Freudian slip is when you say one thing and mean a mother.

	Try to click on the ball to make it change colors, from Carla:  http://mazzanet.id.au/ball.php

	All Calories Are Not the Same.  High-fructose corn syrup is a sweetener used in many processed foods [from sodas to baked goods]. While it is cheaper and sweeter than regular sugar, new research suggests that it can make you fatter. The body converts fructose to body fat with “surprising speed.’ Glucose and fructose, two forms of sugar, are metabolized differently. The liver acts like “a traffic cop” coordinating how the body uses sugars. With glucose, it decides whether the body needs to store it, burn it for energy or turn it into triglycerides [fat in the blood]. But when fructose enters the body, it bypasses the process and quickly becomes body fat.  Fruit contains fructose, plus many beneficial nutrients, so it is good. But not processed foods containing high-fructose corn syrup.  --J. of Nutrition

	Smartorstoopid Test from Carl S. http://www.flashbynight.com/test/

	Before the American Revolution, booksellers in England sold more books to ‘the colonies’ than in England.

	The term red-handed is first found in Sir Walter Scott in 1819, and is a variant of the much older form red-hand in the same sense which dates to the 15th century in Scottish law. The reference is to being caught in the very act of committing a murder, with one's hands stained red with blood. It's a natural extension from there to being caught in any incriminating situation. Another expression for the same thing is flagrante delicto, usually used in a phrase like "caught in flagrante delicto." This is from Medieval Latin and literally means 'while the offense is (still) burning.' And then there is smoking gun, a 1970s expression for 'indisputable proof or evidence esp. of a crime.'

	Surprising quiz:  http://quiz.wecansolveit.org/

	In European monarchies, typically, neither the aristocracy nor the clergy paid tax.

	“So many thngs fail to interest us smply because they don’t find in us enough surfaces on which to live, and what we have to do then is to increase the number of planes in our mind, so that a much larger number of themes can find a place in it at the same time.”  Ortega y Gasset

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	571.  15 different ways
	572.  Grasshoppers
	573.  Not just their shape, but they grow in pairs with one lower than the other.
	574.  We die faster w/o sleep than food.  --Roizen & Oz
	575.  All were 4-H members

	CHALLENGE #131 was:  Coevals:  Two men with world-wide impact were born the same day and year.  Other commonalities:  lost mother as a child; suffered depression and religious doubt; bad relations w/father; lost children early; unsettled career through their 20s; private & guarded; excellent writers.  Who are they?  Answer:  Lincoln and Darwin, born February 12, 1809.  --Adam Goponik
Fred M. and Lance got it right.

	CHALLENGE #132:  Only one day of the week has an anagram...which? 
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Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com 


Potpourri #133  August 15  ltrhd
	Featured Quote:  A Northern minister visited the White House during the Civil War and told the president that he was glad God was on the Union’s side.  Lincoln corrected him: “Sir, my concern is not whether God is on our side; my greatest concern is to be on God’s side.”

	BIG Q #45:  Are you a member of the ‘ruling class’ or the ‘serving class’?

	FACTOID:  Since 1913, the length of the avg. presidential sentence has fallen from 35 words to 22.  Between Nixon and the second Bush, the avg. presidential sound bite shrank from 42 seconds to 7.  Today’s State of the Unions inspire roughly 30 seconds of appause for every 60 seconds of speech.  --Sam Anderson

	HUMOR [?]:  Steven Wright:  “I woke up one day and everything in the apartment had been stolen and replaced with an exact replica.  I told this to my roommate, and he said: ‘Do I know you?’”

	Now ya know: 	Geckos hold on using intermolecular or van der Waals forces.  --Robert Full

	KWIKWIZ:
	576.  What did Martin Amis call “the only curve in this world of grids”?
	577.  Which has more genes:  humans or rice?
	578.   How many industrialized countries do NOT require employers to offer paid maternity leave?
	579.  How many monarcies still exist in Africa?
	580.  Which profession has the most suicides in the U.S.?

	Redolent is chiefly used in reference to smells. The earliest sense is 'having a pleasant odor; fragrant': "Every flower and every fruit the redolent breath/Of the warm seawind ripeneth" (Tennyson). The main sense is 'odorous or smelling' followed by "of" and the thing of which of the object smells:

	Math trick from Jonnie N.:  http://digicc.com/fido/

	Two out of every three U.S. corporations paid no federal income taxes from 1998 through 2005. And they had a collective $2.5 Trillion in sales. --Gov’t Acct’g Office

	Great performance from Alan:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=sAFI1i5FIBc

	Because conservatives, for economic and ideological reasons, don’t want government to work, they have arranged for it not to be able to work.  A crippled goverment removes the best reason for people to vote for liberals, so the conservatives become ever stronger.  Conservatism “seems actively to want an inferior product.”  --Thomas Frank

	Philly Eagles Cheerleaders from George G.:  http://green.msn.com/galleries/photos/photos.aspx?gid=220&page=1

	Bonus Q:  Which describe Judas Iscariot?
	1.  acted from greed.
	2.  possessed by the devil
	3.  his evil sister made him betray Jesus
	4.  political revolutionary trying to prod Jesus to get control of the country from Rome
	5.  innocent dupe of the high priest
	6.  Jesus’ intimate friend who followed his orders.
	7.  his name means ‘Jewish man’
	8.  an invented character designed to vilify the Jews
	9.  an archtypical repentant
	10.  a romantic hero
	11.  author of a gospel
	12.  husband of a foster mother of Joseph of Arimathea’s child
	13.  he killed his father and married his mother

	Your brain’s age from Elizabeth G. [Memorize the numbers’ positions on the screen, then click the circle from the smallest number to the biggest number.] http://flashfabrica.com/f_learning/brain/brain.html

	African-Americans have disproportionately high rates of death and disease from smoking, and 75% of black smokers choose menthol cigarettes.

	Chinese dancers from Nancy [they’re deaf]:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=6N1j-MwDxRs&feature=related

	“Under [Arthur] Bentley’s rules, you can’t talk about public opinion, because there is no such thing as ‘the public’ [there are only groups] and opinions don’t matter, only actions do.  Abstractions like ‘the people;’ and ‘popular will’ have no real content, either.‘The public interest’ is a useless concept, he says, because ‘there is nothing which is best literally for the whole people.’. . .  You can’t talk about race or other biological factors or about national character:  it doesn’t matter what people are, it only matters what they do.  You can talk about Presidents, parties, and other major political actors, but only if you understand them chiefly as mediums through which interest groups operate.”  --Nicholas Lemann

	The great escape tunnel [remember “The Great Escape”?] from Alan D.:  www.kerman94com/tunnelharry.html

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	576.  Broadway
	577.  Humans have 23,000 genes; rice has 35,000
	578.  Only two:  U.S. and Australia
	579.  One:  Swaziland
	580.  MDs:  300 to 400 per year

	Answer to Bonus Q:  All have been attributed to him. --Amy-Jill Levine

	CHALLENGE #132 was:  Only one day of the week has an anagram...which?  Answer:  Monday=dynamo.   Jerry got it.

	CHALLENGE #133:  Who claimed he lived at an address that was really Wrigley Field?  ________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com 


Potpourri #134  August 22  ltrhd
	Featured Quote:  “Life is short, travel is hard.  And at its best, technology makes the most of both.”  --David Pogue

	BIG Q #46:  How hard is it to understand that we are a religious people with a secular government?

	FACTOID:  California has more than 200,000 physician-sanctioned pot users and hundreds of dispensaries.  --David Samuels

	HUMOR [?]: Knock, knock.  Who’s there?  9/11.  9/11 who?  You said you’d never forget!  --Jim Holt

	Now ya know: 	Dionysus, the Greek god, reportedly turned water into wine, was killed by his enemies, was resurrected and ascended into heaven.  --Amy-Jill Levine

	KWIKWIZ:
	581.  What caused the death of Christopher Reeve, who played Superman?
	582.  How many languages are there on earth?  Which country has most of them?
	583.  Name two competitive shoe companies founded by German brothers.  The original one gave free shoes to the Germans AND to Jesse Owens for the 1936 Olympics.
	584.  Almost 1/3 of Nobel Prizes in Medicine/Physiology since 1901 relate to which field?
	585.  Who created the first major dictionary based on historical principles?

	There are 128 people in the U.S. with the name ‘Walter Mathews’...according to a site from John H. Check your name:  www.howmanyofme.com/

	You can’t talk about morality as a force in politics, because such talk is almost always a cover for somebody’s interest.  You can’t talk about progress, only about the waxing and waning of the power of different groups.  You can’t talk about ideals--especially the ideals of the Founders of the U.S., who represented just another collection of interest groups--as affecting the course of events.    --Authur Fisher Bentley in “The Process of Government:  A Study of Pressures”  1908

	#1 song for a date you pick, from Carla:  www.joshhosler.biz/NumberOneInHistory/SelectMonth.htm

	If something is boreal [BOR-ee-ul] then it is in or from the north.  The Roman god of the north wind, Boreas, is the source of this word. The opposite of boreal is austral, from the Latin auster (south). So, where is the Aurora Borealis?  And the Aurora Australis?

	New and Improved?  The 1993 Jeep Grand Cherokee got 26 mpg;  the 2008 version gets 20 mpg.  --Consumer Reports

	Barabbas in Aramaic means “son of [the] father,” which is a cognate for Jesus’ own identification as “son of man” as well as for claims of his divine paternity.  In some manuscripts of Matthew his first name is Jesus.  --Amy-Jill Levine

	Jonnie N. claims that one famous North American landmark is constantly moving backwards.

	The White House asked the CIA to forge documents connecting Iraq to Al-Qaeda.  --Ron Suskind in The Way of the World

	3rd Race at the Honeymoon-Is-Over Downs from Carl S.:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZ42ChFJiaw

	U.S. troops overseas donated more than six times as much to Obama than to McCain. Bush had beaten Kerry by 2 to 1 in 2000 in money from the troops abroad. --Center for Responsive Politics

	Some unusual plurals in English:
		BROTHER 		BRETHREN 
		MONGOOSE 	MONGOOSES
		NEVER-WAS 	NEVER-WERES 
		PENNY 		PENCE 
		WUNDERKIND 	WUNDERKINDER

	Elephants are tamed, but never domesticated.  They are captured wild and tamed, but not bred in captivity.
	
	Though at Canterbury in the Middle Ages, there were 24 men required to ring one bell, in general, bells could not be too large because of the difficulty of ringing them. Not only were they difficult to ring, but bell ringing required a great deal of practice. So a device was invented, consisting of a heavy weight suspended from a rope, to be used by novice bell ringers to develop their strength and skill.  Later, a similar device was used by gentlemen wishing to develop their physique. The term dumbbell is first recorded in 1711 by Joseph Addison. Since these exercise devices had heavy weights instead of real bells, they were "dumb" in the sense 'silent or mute.'

	Answer from Jonnie:  Niagara Falls--The rim is worn down about two and a half feet each year because of the millions of  gallons of water that rush over it every minute.

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	581.  an infected bed sore
	582.  6,000 with 1,000 in New Guinea
	583.  Adidas and Puma
	584.  Neuroscience
	585.  The brothers Grimm [of fairy-tale fame]

	CHALLENGE #133 was:  Who claimed he lived at an address that was really Wrigley Field?  Answer:  Though it was built in 1914, Wrigley Field was immortalized in 1980 when Elwood Blues listed “1060 West Addison” as his home address in the movie, The Blues Brothers.  Elwood — who along with his brother Jake was on “a mission from God” — relied upon the ballpark’s address as a diversion for the police.  Jerry got it.

	CHALLENGE #134:  Her g’parents died of syphilis.  Her mother & step-father were alcoholics. She was forced to take her father’s name (even tho’ he tried to rape her).  At 14 her drunk mother told her the host of that evening’s party was her real father.  She is a world renown actor/singer.
__________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com 


Potpourri #135  Augsut 29   ltrhd
	Featured Quote:  “The pure and simple truth is rarely pure and never simple.”  --Oscar Wilde

	BIG Q #47:  Will Europe become a more Islamic countinent or will Islam become a more Europeanized religion?  --Derek-Jan Eppink

	FACTOID:  “One thousand” contains the letter A, but none of the words from one to nine hundred ninety-nine has an A. In the following languages you can count until one million (and more), without using the vowel e: Aymara, Chichewa, Haoussa, Ouigour. These languages are officially written with the Latin alphabet. 

	HUMOR [?]: 	All of the Wal-Marts across Alabama sold out of ammunition as of yesterday. A reliable source said that one of the purchasers commented that while Russia may have invaded Georgia, they sure as hell ain't doin' it to Alabama.
	Now ya know: 	Eight times as much air is lost by a swinging door vs. a revolving one.

	KWIKWIZ:
	586.  What is the largest building in the world?
	587.  23 countries get at least 60% of their exports from oil and gas.  How many are real democracies?
	588.  What is the original color of the flag of Ireland?
	589.  Why can’t you play a 13th inning in Japanese baseball?
	590.  Which is responsible for most human deaths in U.S.?  Alligators, Bears, Deer, Sharks or Snakes? 

	The word cynic is from the Greek meaning doglike or churlish:  dog was a nickname for a cynic.

	Baby it’s cold outside, from Carla:  www.coool-stuff.com/?p=280
	
	1 in every 4 Texans lack health insurance.  --Census Bureau

	Brooklyn has four times the population of Alaska;  Gov. Palin was elected with 115,000 votes;  Barack Obama had 80,000 in the stadium for his speech.

	The U.S. has more troops in Iraq/Afghanistan than the Roman Empire had in the 1st century.  

	Celtic lullaby from Elisabeth W: note the menhirs and the woodless ‘beehive’ stone constructions:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=unikM6OUV7w

	Carl reports:  Pfizer Corp. announced today that Viagra will soon be available in liquid form, and will be marketed by Pepsi Cola as a power beverage suitable for use as a mixer.  It will now be possible for a man to literally pour himself a stiff one.  Obviously we can no longer call this a soft drink, and it gives new meaning to the names of 'cocktails', 'highballs' and just a good old-fashioned 'stiff  drink'.  Pepsi will market the new concoction by the name of:  MOUNT & DO.

	An Olympics loser from Alan:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=EO_BnsrWMnI&feature=related

	Happy 72nd birthday, John McCain!

	Remember:  Wherever you go, you take yourself.

	Beauty from outer space from Elizabeth W.:  http://www.greatdanepro.com/Blue%20Bueaty/index.htm

	Electoral voting analysis from Nancy K.:  www.fivethirtyeight.com/

	Gamut   First, the history of the familiar musical scale do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti, do. The system of musical notation from which the do, re... developed was created by Guido d'Arezzo, an 11th century musician and Benedictine monk. His system was based on six notes, then called ut, re, mi, fa, sol, and la named after the opening letters of the lines in an 8th century hymn to St. John the Baptist, each line of the hymn beginning with successively higher notes: 
	Ut queant laxis
	Resonare fibris 
	Mira gestorum 
	Famuli tuorum 
	Solve polluti 
	Labii reatum 
	Sancte Iohannes, 
which roughly translates as, "That your servants can be able with full voices to sing about the wonders of your deeds, and remove the sin from their unclean lips, Holy John." In the 17th century, Guido's six-note system was replaced by octaves, and the note si (from the first letter of the words of the last line of the hymn) was added to the top. By the 18th century, ut was replaced by do, probably in part because the latter was easier to sing. In the 19th century, si was replaced by ti, to avoid confusion between si and sol, and thus leaving us at the familiar system of today. 
The gamma, in Guido's system, signified to the lowest line of the staff (G). The phrase gamma ut apparently referred to the ut note falling on the gamma line, that is, the lowest note in Guido's system. The gamma ut was contracted to gamut, and was used as shorthand for the entire musical scale. By the 17th century, gamut became applied to an entire range of anything: from soup to nuts or "from A to Z." 

	Click on the ball to change color, from Carla:  http://mazzanet.id.au/ball.php

	Who is to blame for Sept. 11? Most of us would point our fingers at the 19 hijackers who died that day, as well as at Osama bin Laden and his lieutenants.... But we can also blame those who might have prevented the catastrophe yet failed to do so — the national security adviser, who ignored warnings of imminent attack; the F.B.I., which did not heed reports of suspicious activity at a flight school in Minnesota; or the screeners at Logan International Airport who allowed box cutters past their security systems. And then there are the culprits of a more conceptual kind — American foreign policy, which perhaps saw its proverbial chickens come home to roost; or Islam, which is said to have stewed in its resentments for centuries; or globalization, which transmits grievances and conspiracies across borders as rapidly as capital and goods. If you want to blame someone for Sept. 11, you have quite a few options.  --Alexander Star

	John H. claims that God made man before woman so as to give him time to think of an answer for her first question.  

	Half of all species face extinction in this century.  --E.O. Wilson

	Birth of a hummingbird from Carla: http://community.webtv.net/Velpics/HUM

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	586.  Beijing airport’s Terminal 3 is twice the size of the Pentagon and can handle 50 million passengers/year.  China also has the largest shopping center [7 million sq.ft.], longest sea-crossing bridge [22 miles], largest dam [Three Gorges], highest railway [16,000 ft.above sea level in Tibet].  Stay tuned!
	587.  None.      --Larry Diamond
	588.  Blue, and it’s still used as the Presidential seal.
	589.  A tie-score after 12 innings is ended a tie because trains stop running at midnight and Japan is a public-transportation society.
	590.  140/year by Deer--7 times the others combined.  Watch for deer crossings.

	CHALLENGE #134 was:  Her g’parents died of syphilis.  Her mother & step-father were alcoholics. She was forced to take her father’s name (even tho’ he tried to rape her).  At 14 her drunk mother told her her real father was the host of that evening’s party.  She is a world renown actor/singer.  Answer:  Julie Andrews
Jerry got it.

	CHALLENGE #135:  The New Testament [and beyond] Part I:
		Answer all that you can.
	1.  Name two OTHER miraculous virgin births.  
	2.  In all of Jesus’ parables, only one person is named...who?  
	3.  How many times does the Gospel attributed to John mention the name Mary? 
	4.  When was the Immaculate Conception definitively declared?
	5.  What is interesting about the depiction of one of the Maji in many European paintings? 
	6.  Andrew, Philip, Simon are names from what cultural heritage?
	7.  Who created the first creche set?
	8.  Which famous saint taught St. Augustine?
	9.  How many people named James in the NT? 
	10.  Aside from the ‘apple’ and ‘pride,’ give another common explanation for original sin.
________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

Potpourri #136  Sept 5  ltrhd
	Featured Quote:  "That which is hateful to you, do not do to your fellow. That is the whole Torah; the rest is the explanation; go and learn." --Hillel, ~50 B.C.

	BIG Q #48:  Are America’s problems outside or inside our country?

	FACTOID:  December 25th was taken to be the birthday of Jesus because it was the traditional birthday of the Sun God, Sol Invictus.  --Amy-Jill Levine

	HUMOR [?]: John H. claims: On an 1880s grave in Nantucket, MA:
				Under the sod and under the trees,
				Lies the body of Jonathan Pease.
				He is not here, there's only the pod.
				Pease shelled out and went to God.

	Now ya know: 	Contrary to the paintings, the Romans crucified men naked.  --Amy-Jill Levine

	KWIKWIZ:
	591.  What is the biggest living thing on earth?
	592.  What was Albert Einstein’s religion after age 12?
	593.  Which two adjacent counties were the #1 and #2 most prolific vegetable growers in the U.S. in the late 19th century.
	594.  Of Shakespeare’s 154 love sonnets, to whom were most directed? A young man, a somewhat promiscuous woman, Cupid, his wife, his mistress, himself. 
	595.  What is the only natural breed of domestic cat in the U.S.?

	Election Projections Done Right from Nancy:  www.fivethirtyeight.com/

	Last year legal gamblers in the U.S. lost $64 Billion.

	When Parker Pen marketed a ball-point pen in Mexico, its ads were supposed to have read, "it won't leak in your pocket and embarrass you." Instead, the company thought that the word "embarazar" (to impregnate) meant to embarrass, so the ad read: "It won't leak in your pocket and make you pregnant."

	[China has] been building better stadums, subways, airports, roads and parks.  And we’ve been building better metal detectors, armored Humbees and pilotless drones.”  --Thomas Friedman

	30% of employees eligible for 401(k)’s don’t sign up, despite the enticement of employer mathcing contributions.

	Cool magic from John E.:  http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=Dk-R6BbsxiY

	John Adams told a table full of Parisian dandies who thought him a dullard that he studied war so his sons could study commerce, and that his sons would study commerce so their sons could study paining, poetry, music, and architecture.

	In 1886 in the U.S., when the Audobon Society was formed, more than 5 million birds/year were slaughtered to feather women’s hats.  --Bob Herbert

	33 U.S. Olympic medal winners are immigrants.

	“A name made great is a name destroyed, and he that makes worldly use of the crown perishes.”  --Hillel

	HS students having sexual intercourse declined by 12% from 1991 to 2007, and condom use increased 33%.  But H.I.V. and AIDS among teens 15-19 increased 34% from 2003-2006, and an increase in live births of 3.5% from 2005-2006. --Centers for Disease Control/Prevention

	Burning Man Art Cars from Elizabeth W.:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=0yM7Pd1Cpv0

	Scrooge 'a miserly person' and Pollyanna 'a blindly optimistic person' are examples of eponym:  'a real or imaginary person from whom a word is derived.'  Seattle is an eponym derived from Seatlh, an Indian chief.  Eponym ("EP-uh-nim") and eponymous ("eh-PON-uh-mus") are derived from a Greek adjective meaning 'upon name.'  Dickens also gives us Pecksniffian (from Seth Pecksniff, a character in the novel Martin Chuzzlewit) : someone who embodies the trait of 'hypocritically affecting benevolence or high moral principles.’ The eponym Dickensian describes eccentric characters, squalid conditions, plots full of coincidences, or humor mixed with pathos. There is no rule as to which suffix is correct:  We say Dickensian and Faulknerian as opposed to Kafkaesque and Byronic.  Eponyms can be compound nouns (Melba toast), verbs (lynch), altered forms (dunce), suffixed forms (galvanize), or even blends (gerrymander). Sometimes they take the possessive form (Alzheimer's disease). Some eponyms, such as boycott, were originally capitalized, and others, such as maverick, were always lowercase. Some are still capitalized, such as Pollyanna, and others are written either way. e.g., S[s]crooge. Some other terms like, Xerox and Scotch tape, are trademarked names, but not based on a person's name, the way some other trademarks such as Listerine and Levi's are. When a trademark is so ubiquitous that it stands for the thing itself, as in Band-Aid, it’s an example of synecdoche, the term for the rhetorical device of substituting the particular for the general. 

	‘Time for Some Campaignin’ from Fred B.:  http://www.peteyandpetunia.com/VoteHere/VoteHere.htm

	In the U.S., nearly 1/3 of the food produced each year, worth $48 Billion, is discarded.  the water it took to grow/process that wasted food is 10 Trillion gallons.  --United Nations & two international water institutes

	Physicist Niels Bohr nailed a horseshoe above his office door. A colleague asked if he really believed in that.  Bohr said: “No, but I’ve heard it works even for people who don’t believe.”

	Birthday Clock from Carl S.:   http://www.paulsadowski.com/birthday.asp

	The top Mets ticket in the new stadium will be $495 [up 29%], but the top Yankees ticket will be $2,500.

	Quote from Carla:  “Whatever you give a woman, she's going to multiply. If you give her sperm, she'll give you a baby.  If you give her a house, she'll give you a home. If you give her groceries, she'll give you a meal. If you give her a smile, she'll give you her heart. She multiplies and enlarges what is given to her. So,-- if you give her crap, you will receive a bucket full of shit”

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	591.  The honey mushroom found in the Malheur National Forest in eastern Oregon. . It stretches 3.5 miles across and covers an area larger than 1,600 football fields. Most of it is hidden underground. It is 2,000 years old and one cell-wall thick.
	592.  None
	593.  Queens and Brooklyn
	594.   126 to an aristocratic, fair young man;  26 to a dark-haired somewhat promiscuous woman;  the last two were to Cupid.
	595.  Maine Coon Cat  --Sharyn P. Bass

	CHALLENGE #135 was:  The New Testament [and beyond] Part I:
		[answers from Amy-Jill Levine]
	1.  Name two OTHER miraculous virgin births.  Caesar Augustus, Alexander the Great among many others.
	2.  In all of Jesus’ parables, only one person is named...who?  Lazarus
	3.  How many times does the Gospel attributed to John mention the name Mary?   Never
	4.  When was the Immaculate Conception definitively declared? 1854 by Pope Pius IX 
	5.  What is interesting about the depiction of one of the Maji in many European paintings?  One of them is a black woman
	6.  Andrew, Philip, Simon are names from what cultural heritage? They are Greek names.
	7.  Who created the first creche set?  St. Francis of Assissi in 1223
	8.  Which famous saint taught St. Augustine?  St. Ambrose
	9.  How many people named James in the NT?  At least 6  The name in Hebrew/Aramaic:  Ya’acob or Jacob
	10.  Aside from the ‘apple’ and ‘pride,’ give another common explanation for original sin. Vitiated sperm
	[Jerry, Jack, Joe E and Susan got most of them.]

	CHALLENGE #136:  The New Testament [and beyond] Part II:
		Answer all that you can.
	11.  Which apostle succeeded Peter as head of the church?
	12.  What was the symbolism of having 12 followers of Jesus?
	13.  What are the 3 great sources of “signs & wonders”? [all begin with M]
	14.  In addition to Acts 27-28, which ancient book includes shipwrecks, nautical imagery, divine beings who assure safety, sailors jumpig off ships and riding planks to safety, the island of hospitable strangers, a hero mistaken as a god, and the sending off of the hero?
	15.  ‘Martyr’ comes from a Greek word with what meaning?
	16.  What is Joseph’s father’s name?
	17.  Who was the “apostle to the apostles”?
	18.  Which royal family has 4 generations appear in the NT?
	19.  The Gospels depict Mary Magdalene as:
		a.  a prostitute;  b.  a penetent;  c. both;  d. neither
	20.  Certainly, the Maji were [pick all that apply]:
		a. kings; b. 3 in number; c. male;  d. from the Orient;  e. wise
________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

Potpourri #137  Sept 12  ltrhd
	Featured Quote:  “It’s not just that he’s an eloquent guy who gives a good speech.  A lot of people said that about my father, too, but she sees through that.”  --Ron Reagan on why his mother, Nancy, likes Barack Obama and thinks he’s similar to her husband, Ronald Reagan.

	BIG Q #49:  If the legal drinking age is 21, why are there so many beer ads on college football games on TV?

	FACTOID:  Old chickens make good soup.

	HUMOR [?]: A guy burned both of his ears... so they asked him at the hospital how it happened. He said, ''I was ironing my clothing and the phone rang... So, instead of the phone I picked up the iron and burned my ear...'' ''But how the heck did you burn the other ear?'' The doctor asked. ''They called back.''

	Now ya know: 	Frederic Tudor was the 19th c. ice king who first harvested and shipped ice commercially from frozen water bodies...including Walden Pond.

	KWIKWIZ:
	596.  When/where: first conference of science fiction fans?
	597.  Only one pop-song was #1 for two non-consecutive years.
	598.  Why do middle-class girls have fewer pregnancies than lower-class girls?
	599.  Who was most likely a bi-sexual first lady?
	600.  Oil is the world’s most traded commodity, what is #2?

	It takes a minute to have a crush on someone, an hour to like someone and a day to love someone - but it takes a lifetime to forget someone.

	In 1960, 77% of women and 65% of men under 30 had attained the 5 milestones that mark a transition to adulthood: “leaving home, completing one’s education, starting work, getting married and becoming a parent.”  In 2000, the numbers declined to 46% of women and 31% of men.  1/5 of all 25-year-olds live with their parents.  --Michael Kimmel

	ON HEALTH:
	•  In 1960, health care was $1 of every $20 spent in the U.S.; now it is $1 in every $6.  --Congressional Budget Office

	•  10% of patients account for 2/3 of spending

	•  Annual health spending is nearly identical for the richest [$4,451]and poorest Americans [$4,477].  --Brookings Institution
 
	•  Medicare is “the advance wave of socialism.”  --Ronald Reagan

	Chevron ad:  “It took us 125 years to use the first Trillion barrels of oil.  We’ll use the next Trillion in 30.”

	Psychologists asked 32 volunteers to sample strawberry yogurt in the dark, but gave them chocolate yogurt.  19 of 32 praised the strawberry yogurt.  One said that strawberry was her favorite flavor and she planned to switch to this new one.  --Edward Dolnick

	In 2006 U.S. department stores lost $40 Billion from theft:  half by employees [some of whom were mob plants].  --U. of Florida survey

	Funny cats/dogs from Elizabeth W.:  http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=4MI9hRtAYzA

	Empathy/Sympathy:  Pathos is Greek for ‘emotion.’  Sympathy feels pity for another’s troubles; empathy identifies with whatever is happening in another’s mind.  The Greek  prefix sym means ‘together with, alongside’; em goes deeper, meaning ‘within, inside.’  --William Safire

	Frank Perdue's chicken slogan, "it takes a strong man to make a tender chicken" was translated into Spanish as "it takes an aroused man to make a chicken affectionate."

	As of 9/10/8 snopes.com listed 5 pieces about McCain:  2 false; 2 true; 1 undermined;  and 33 about Obama:  20 false; 6 partly false; 4 true; 3 undetermined.

	Nancy K. suggests you go to:  www.twovoters.com

	“Patriotism means to stand by the country.  It does not mean to stand by the President.”  --Theodore Roosevelt

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	596.  1936 in Philadelphia
	597.  The Twist by Chubby Checker:  1960 and 1962
	598.  Future goals especially college.  --Pedro Noguera
	599.  Eleanor Roosevelt with the journalist-turned White House aide [and WH resident] Lorena Hickok  --Joseph E. Persico
	600.  Coffee

	CHALLENGE #136 was:  The New Testament [and beyond] Part II:
			[answers from Amy-Jill Levine]
	11.  Which apostle succeeded Peter as head of the church?  According to Paul: James
	12.  What was the symbolism of having 12 followers of Jesus? 12 tribes of Israel
	13.  What are the 3 great sources of “signs & wonders”? [all begin with M] Miracles, magic  & medicine
	14.  In addition to Acts 27-28, which ancient book includes shipwrecks, nautical imagery, divine beings who assure safety, sailors jumpig off ships and riding planks to safety, the island of hospitable strangers, a hero mistaken as a god, and the sending off of the hero?  Books 5 and 12 of the Odyssey
	15.  ‘Martyr’ comes from a Greek word with what meaning? Witness
	16.  What is Joseph’s father’s name? Matthew says Jacob;  Luke says Hiel
	17.  Who was the “apostle to the apostles”?  Mary Magdalene
	18.  Which royal family has 4 generations appear in the NT?  The Herods
	19.  The Gospels depict Mary Magdalene as:
		a.  a prostitute;  b.  a penetent;  c. both;  d. neither  d. neither
	20.  Certainly, the Maji were [pick all that apply]:
		a. kings; b. 3 in number; c. male;  d. from the Orient;  e. wise  None of the above.

	CHALLENGE #137:  The New Testament [and beyond] Part III:
		Answer all that you can.
	21.  What is the earliest document in the NT?
	22.  When was the latest inclusion in the NT?
	23.  Who developed the concept of ‘original sin’?
	24.  What is pseudepigraphy?
	25.  When was the physical assumption of Mary into Heaven declared by the Catholic Church?
	26.  Who is the only woman in all four resurrection scenes?
	27.  What is the relationship between the two words:  Christ and Messiah?
	28.  What does LXX refer to?
	29.  What is nard?
	30.  Who were the Magi and who first called them “wise men”?
________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

Potpourri #138  September 19  ltrhd
	Featured Quote:  “Live each day as if it is your last; learn as if you will live forever.”  --Mahatma Gandhi

	BIG Q #50:  Why did the number of abortions decrease during the Clinton administration and increase in the GW Bush administration?

	FACTOID:  Clairol introduced the "Mist Stick," a curling iron, into Germany, only to find out that "mist" is slang for manure. Not too many people had use for the manure stick.

	HUMOR [?]: Now that Estee Lauder brought out a line of cosmetics called Chocolate decadence, will Hershey start adding lipstick to its Kisses?  --Stuart Elliott

	Now ya know: 	A cat has 32 muscles in each ear, according to Carl S.

	KWIKWIZ:
	601  Which of this year’s presidential contenders was never baptized a Christian?
	602.  Which police precinct has the lowest crime rate in NYC?
	603.  Of the world’s 6,000 languages, 1,000 are confined to which country?
	604.  Which state has a constitution that is 40 times as long as the U.S. one, and is growing?
	605.  Which country is the largest exporter of horsemeat for human consumption?

	COMEUPPANCE ("come-UP-uhnce") is usually heard as part of the expression, "received his (or her) comeuppance"; and it's quite often uttered with a satisfied, even gratified, expression. Although it generally refers to some sort of chastisement that is fairly mild--less severe than "getting what's coming to him." The word has been in the language since the 1850s, and there’s a theory that it may have evolved from that dread, oft-repeated moment  when a recalcitrant student heard the teacher say sternly, "Come up here." 

	Vote for McCain/Palin from Mary:	http://clickme.50webs.org/

	Ways To Annoy A Yankee:
 	1. Take your own sweet time when doing ANYTHING.
 	2. Pronounce all one-syllable words with two.
 	3. When giving directions, finish with "it's right down yonder on the left."
 	4. Talk REAL slow, and ask them to speak more slowly so you can understand what they're saying.
 	5. When they talk nostalgically about the North, tell 'em "Delta's ready when you are!" (In Dallas, "Take I-30 east!")
 	6. Talk loudly and often about SEC football or ACC basketball.
 	7. Refer to every soft drink as a Coke.
 	8. Always order sweet tea and/or grits. When they don't have it, raise a ruckus.
 	9. Offer to send 'em a bottle of fresh air.
	10. Insist on being addressed by your first AND middle names. (e.g., Lisa Marie -- John Michael -- Jim Bob.  .  .)

	Candidate Test from Sue [and others]:  http://abcnews.go.com/politics/MatchoMatic/fullpage?id=5542139

	The Coca-Cola name in China was first read as "Ke-kou-ke-la," meaning "Bite the wax tadpole" or "female horse stuffed with wax," depending on the dialect. Coke then researched 40,000 characters to find a phonetic equivalent "ko-kou-ko-le," translating into "happiness in the mouth."  Pepsi's "Come alive with the Pepsi Generation" translated into "Pepsi brings your ancestors back from the grave," in Chinese.

	Alaska is “a state that is consistently in the top 10 of the nation’s most violent per capita, Wasilla has among the highest per capita violent- and property-crime rates in Alaska.”  --Amanda Coyne, Newsweek

	We Will Never Forget [you know who]:
	•  "It is not Reaganesque to support a tax plan that is Clinton in nature" [giving us insight into what is Bushesque in nature]

	•  "We ought to make the pie higher."  [and the bar wider?]

	•  "You teach a child to read, and he or her will be able to pass a literacy test." And:  "Rarely is the question asked:  Is our children learning?"  [I can't wait for his education reforms to show results]

	•  "When I was coming up it was a dangerous world and we knew exactly who the they were.  It was us versus them and it was clear who them was.  Today, we're not so sure who the they are, but we know they're there."  [I guess he knows them when he sees them]

	•  "I understand small business growth.  I was one."  [think he might metastasize?]

	•  "The administration I'll bring is a group of men and women who are focused on what's best for America, honest men and women, decent men and women, women who will see service to our country as a great privilege and who will not stain the house."  [at least the rugs will be safe]

	•  "The important question is, How many hands have I shaked?"  [he hasn't shaked my hand, just my confidence]

	Earth observatory from Ken P:  http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/

	From Andy Rooney [maybe]: You know those shows where people call in and vote on different issues?  Did you ever notice there's always like 18% "I don't know." It costs 90 cents to call up and vote...They're voting "I don't know." "Honey, I feel very  strongly about this. Give me the phone. (Into phone) I DON'T KNOW! (hangs up, looking proud) Sometimes you have to stand up for what you believe you're not sure about."  This guy probably calls up phone sex girls for $2.95 to say  "I'm not in the mood." 

	Peeling a hard-cooked egg from Carla:  http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2008/07/24/how-to-peel-hard-boiled-eggs-without-peeling.aspx?source=nl

	Ways to Show Kids You Care:
	1.   Acknowledge them.
	2.   Seek them out
	3.   Ask them about themselves
	4.   Ask them to help you.
	5.   Listen to them.
	6.   Real aloud together.
	7.   Tell them their feelings are okay.
	8.   Set boundaries that keep them safe.
	9.   Be honest.
	10. Be yourself.

	From Elizabeth W.:  “Jesus was a grass-roots organizer, and Pilate was a governor.”

	Sarah Palin collected $27 million of federal earmarks for her small town in three years.  --Philip Gourevich, The New Yorker

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	601.  John McCain  --Ariel Levy in The New Yorker
	602.  Central Park  --Marie Winn
	603.  New Guinea  --Jared Diamond
	604.  Alabama--it was written to disenfranchise blacks and reserves almost complete power to the state legislature, as oppossed to local jurisdictions.
	605.  the United States

	CHALLENGE #137 was:  The New Testament [and beyond] Part III:
		[answers from Amy-Jill Levine]
	21.  What is the earliest document in the NT?  Paul’s first epistle to Thessalonians...49 A.D
	22.  When was the latest inclusion in the NT?  Early in the 2nd century
	23.  Who developed the concept of ‘original sin’?  Saints Ambrose and Augustine [c. 391] and its corollary, infant baptism
	24.  What is pseudepigraphy?  Ascribing documents to famous figures, which was common in antiquity, e.g., some of Paul’s epistles and the four gospels.
	25.  When was the physical assumption of Mary into Heaven declared by the Catholic Church?  1950 by Pope Pius XII
	26.  Who is the only woman in all four resurrection scenes? Mary Magdalene, where she is commissioned to evangelize.
	27.  What is the relationship between the two words:  Christ and Messiah?  They each mean “anointed one.”  Christ [Christos] is Greek;  Messiah [Meshiach] is Hebrew.
	28.  What does LXX refer to?  What Christians call the Old Testament is called, by Jews, the Tanak, an acronym for T [Torah or Pentateuch]; N [Nevi’im or Prophets] and K [Ketuvim or Writings].  The Greek translation of the Tanak:  the Septuagint, since legend says it was translated by 70 scribes in Jerusalem.
	29.  What is nard?  The ointment that Mary used on Jesus’ feet.  The amount she had cost a year’s wages of a laborer.
	30.  Who were the Magi and who first called them “wise men”?  Priestly astrologers or magicians who, typically, were servents in royal courts.  First to call them ‘wise men’ was the 8th c. British monk, Venerable Bede.  Later they were named Capar, Balthassar and Melchior.

	CHALLENGE #138:  Label ten boxes from left to right: 0-9.  Inscribe a 10 digit number so that the digit in the first cell indicates the total number of zeros in the entire number, the digit in the cell marked ‘1’ indicates the total number of 1s, and so on to the last cell, whose digit indicates the total number of 9s in the number.  The answer is unique. 
________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

Potpourri #139  September  26  ltrhd
	Featured Quote:  “At this point I should note that for the first time, both the U.S. secretary of state and secretary of defense have doctorates in Russian studies.  A fat lot of good that’s done us.”  --Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates on evaporating hopes for closer ties with Russia. 

	BIG Q #51:  Sue asks: If John McCain dies before the election, what happens?

	FACTOID:  The Federal government owns more than half the land in 13 states.
	HUMOR [?]: What do electric trains and breasts have in common?   They're intended for children but it’s the men who usually end up playing with them.
	Now ya know: 	In 1915 Kansas, a law was proposed making it illegal for women under the age of 44 to wear cosmetics “for the purpose of creating a false impression.”  --Fred Basten

	KWIKWIZ:
	606.  How many states had laws prohibiting interracial marriage?
	607.  How much has America spent on new security procedures due to five deaths from anthrax?
	608.  The most books were written about these two.
	609.  Since 1945, how many presidents have NOT presided over combat that engaged American troops?
	610.  Which two states consume the most Spam [the potted meat]?

	The Experiment of Darius [from Herodotus]:
	•  Darius asks the Greeks how much he would have to pay them to eat their dead.  They react in horror.
	•  Darius asks the Callatians of India how much he would have to pay them not to eat their dead but to burn them in the Greek manner instead.  They react in horror.

	See Michael Moore’s new film free at:  SlackerUprising.com.

	Fred B follows up on ‘mist’ from last week:  “GIFT in English is a 'something' presented to another, implying something nice.....however, it in German means POISON.....so a gift package is a 'poison package.' Such sent in WW1 were refused!”

	A cool 1961 jukebox from Alan:  www.snjmall.com/chico/

	62% of Americans believed the value of their house increased or stayed the same in the past year; actually, 77% of homes dropped in value.  --zillow.com

	More Ways to Show Kids You Care:
	11.  Listen to their stories.
	12.  Hug them.
	13.  Forget your worries and concentrate only on them.
	14.  Notice when they're acting differently.
	15.  Present opinions when they seek your counsel.
	16.  Surprise them.
	17.  Have juice together.
	18.  Suggest better behaviors when they act out.
	19.  Delight in their discoveries.
	20.  Let them make mistakes.

	The conservative ‘Four Horsemen of Reaction’ nullified a major portion of FDRs legislation:  the classic case of ‘legislating from the bench.’

	"Relationships are hard. It's like a full time job, and we should treat it like one. If your boyfriend or girlfriend wants to leave you, they should give you two weeks' notice. There should be severance pay, and before they leave you, they should have to find you a temp." --Bob Ettinger 

	Mike W. quotes Mark Twain: "Everybody is ignorant...  Just in different subjects."

	Drawing a woman from the inside-out from Jim H.:  http://fcmx.net/vec/get.swf?i=003702 

	France will tax non-recyclable throwaway plates and cutlery and puts an extra tax on the most heavily polluting vehicles, while least polluting cars get a tax break.  The French gov’t added products to be taxed according to environmental impact:  refrigerators, washing machines, TVs, batteries and wooden furniture.

	Letterman on McCain:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjkCrfylq-E

	10 Car-Free Locations, but you can walk or bike around:
		Cuttyhunk Island, Massachusetts
		Mackinac Island, Michigan
		Arcosanti, Arizona (experimental town)
		Colonial Williamsburg
		Halibut Cove, Alaska
		Fes el Bali, Morocco
		Giethoom, The Netherlands
		Venice, Italy
		Hydra, Greece
		Rottnest Island, Australia

	An American T-shirt maker in Miami printed shirts for the Spanish market which promoted the Pope's visit. Instead of "I saw the Pope" (el Papa), the shirts read "I saw the potato" (la papa).

	Truth Police:  www.factcheck.org/ is a nonprofit & nonparitsan website that monitors and corrects the claims politicians make.  

	Genesis contains two versions of the creation story.  Genesis 3:16 got us off on the wrong foot for centuries with the fateful words “your husband...shall rule over you,” Genesis 1 in fact had aready offered a less dramatic, ribless version of creation in which God creates man and woman simultaneoulsy and commands them to “fill the earth and master it,” together.  The second version, the one with serpent and the apple and the betrayal of all mankind by womankind, makes for better theater.  But it also gained cultural and literary dominance because it highlighted the earliest rationale for marriage:  control your women, or they will rule over you.  --Susan Squire

	Richard Fuld, the longtime chief of Lehman Brothers took home nearly half-a-billion dollars in compensation between 1993 and 2007.  Last year he made $45 million--that’s about $17,000/hour--to obliterate the firm.  --Equilar

	There are five major elements in the tax code that encourage overpaying executives;  these cost taxpayers more than $20 Billion/year.  --Insti. for Policy Studies in Washington

	E. Stanley O’Neal, the former chief of Merrill Lynch, retired last year after driving the firm over a cliff, and took $161 million with him.  --Nicholas Kristof

	“We won’t let the Venezuelas or the Nigerias or the Saudi Arabias or the Irans jerk us around by the gas nozzle.”  --Idaho Sen. Larry Craig, who was arrested last year for lewd conduct in an airport bathroom, in a Senate floor speech.

	Ornery is a dialect use of ordinary and has also been spelled awnry, o'nary, onery, onry, ornary, and ornry. All are written representations of the way people pronounced ordinary. What's interesting is that, instead of just remaining a dialect form of "ordinary," ornery developed a meaning of its own and became a completely new standard English word.  It does seem like quite a stretch from 'usual or common' to 'stubborn.' 

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	606.  40.  The Supreme Court struck down the last one in 1967 in Virginia.
	607.  five billion dollars.  --Fareed Zakaria
	608.  The Library of Congress counts almost 5,000 about Lincoln, but Jesus beats him.
	609.  One.
	610.  Hawaii and Alaska

	CHALLENGE #138 was:  Label ten boxes from left to right: 0-9.  Inscribe a 10 digit number so that the digit in the first cell indicates the total number of zeros in the entire number, the digit in the cell marked ‘1’ indicates the total number of 1s, and so on to the last cell, whose digit indicates the total number of 9s in the number.  The answer is unique. Answer: 6,210,001,000 Jerry and Joe E. got it.
	CHALLENGE #139:  One of the oldest baseball stadiums in the world, Wrigley Field has been the home of the Chicago Cubs for nearly 100 years, and housed the Chicago Bears football team for nearly half that time. What does it mean when a white flag is flying there?  
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com

Potpourri #140  October 3  ltrhd
	Featured Quote:  “In a sense, social conservatives like Rick Santorum are right:  there is a slippery slope leading from one banned practice to the next.  Give rights to blacks, and the next thing you know you are giving rights to women and sodomites and then the sodomites are renting formal wear and ordering flowers for their weddings.  The slippery slope is what [John Stuart] Mill called liberty.  Every time we slide a little farther down, what we find is not a descent toward Hell but more air, and more people breathing free.”  --Adam Gopnik

	BIG Q #52:  If the U.S. President is the ‘Leader of the Free World,’ why don’t the people of the free world get to vote?

	FACTOID:  Canada, Greece, Germany Sweden, New Zealand, Denmark Australia and Malta, all have a higher percentage of registered voters who voted in recent elections [U.S. is 64%; Australia is 95%; Malta is 97%]

	HUMOR [?]: “Sarah Palin was in NYC this week.  She met with some world leaders yesterday and went to the Central Park Zoo.  It took her five hours to get through the zoo, because she had to keep stopping to reload.”  --Jay Leno 
	Now ya know: 	One mating season provides a queen ant with enough sperm to last a lifetime; she can produce an egg every few seconds for the rest of her life.

	KWIKWIZ:
	611.  What is the ultimate reason why cannibalism was widespread in traditional New Guinea highland societies?
	612.  Which country has the happiest people?
	613.  What is the shortest verse in the Bible?
	614.  What do Mohandas Gandhi, Ho Chi Minh and Chinese student protesters have in common?
	615.  What is the richest charity in the U.S.?

	The two presidential candidates have raised about a half-billion dollars between them--more than the Red Cross spends annually on disaster relief.

	Halcyon (HAL-see-un) means calm; peaceful; tranquil. The halcyon is a bird traditionally identified with the kingfisher; the myth of its origin is told by the classical poet Ovid. It was said to magically calm the waves when it nested on the surface of the sea. The term halcyon days implies a feeling of nostalgia for the past.

	Even More Ways to Show Kids You Care:
	21.  Catch them doing something right.
	22.  Contribute to their collections
	23.  Discuss their dreams and nightmares.
	24.  Laugh at their jokes.
	25.  Tell them how terrific they are.
	26.  Kneel, squat, or sit so you're at their eye level.
	27.  Answer their questions.
	28.  Listen to their favorite music with them.
	29.  Apologize when you've done something wrong.
	30.  Display their artwork in your home.

	13 to 1  is the # of automotive vehicles of the McCains to the Obamas.  --Newsweek

	Gin was born in Holland in the mid 1600s by a professor of medicine who added juniper oil to ‘vodka’ [distilled grain spirits].  He named it after the French for juniper which the Dutch pronounced genever.  It was renamed gin when it came to England 100 years later.

	Fanta orange soda in the U.S. is colored by synthetic food dyes;  in England by pumpkin and carrot extract.  McDonald’s strawberry sundae gets it color artificially;  in England it comes from real strawberries.

	Danish hospitals focus on hand washing, sterilization, screening and clothing control of medical staff.  they have fewer than 1% of staph infections with antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria, while in the U.S. it is 50% in some hospitals.

	Six Components of a Good Death: [Annals of Internal Medicine]
	1.  Pain and symptom management
	2.  Clear decision making in treatment decisions.
	3.  Preparation for death: knowledge of illness progression & after death plans.
	4.  Completion: reviewing one’s life, resolving conflicts, spending time w/family & friends, and saying good-bye.
	5.  Contribution to others: many people near death achieve a clarity as to what is important in life and want to share it with others.
	6.  Affirmation.  Wanting to be seen as a unique and whole person and being understood in the context of their lives, values and preferences.

	Romeo means pilgrim in Italian.  Palmer also means pilgrim.

	John E. challenges you to test your reaction time:  www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/sleep/sheep/reaction_version5.swf

	Professions with ‘very great prestige’ [57% to 16%]:  Firefighter, scientist, doctor, nurse, teacher, military officer, clergy, congressman, lawyer, athlete, journalist, actor.  --Harris Poll, July 2008

	Foreign development assistance as % of GNI:  the U.S. is #21 giving 1/5 as much as Sweden and 1/4 of Luxembourg, Norway, Netherlands and Denmark, e.g.  --Newsweek

	Over the past three decades, the avg. compensation for CEOs of major American corporations has gone from 35 times the avg. pay of American workers to 275 times.  --Peter Steinfels

	Last year the average earnings of all Goldman Sachs employees, including secretaries as well as traders, was $600,000.

	Above a household income of $50,000, there is little or no correlation between income and happiness.  --Sarah Kershaw

	If creatures vary; if they struggle for life so that nearly all die and if the few that survive pass on to their offspring what helped them survive, then you have Variation, Selection and Heredity---and you must get evolution.  --Susan Blackmore

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	611.  Protein starvation, since they had no access to large domestic mammals or large wild game and got their protein from mice, spiders, frogs, etc.  --Jared Diamond
	612.  Denmark.  --Nat’l Sci. Foundation
	613.  Jesus wept.
	614.  They all looked to the U.S. for inspiration in their stuggles against oppression.  --Ted Widmer
	615.  The Shriners  --Stephanie Strom

	CHALLENGE # 139 was:  One of the oldest baseball stadiums in the world, Wrigley Field has been the home of the Chicago Cubs for nearly 100 years, and housed the Chicago Bears football team for nearly half that time. What does it mean when a white flag is flying? Answer:  It indicates that their team just won the game. Jim S., Sue R. and Jerry got it. [Sue and Jerry added: After a game, a white flag with a blue W signifies a WIN.  A blue flag with a white L signifies a loss.  Before the 1990's the white flag was used for a loss, but because white flags are used to represent surrender, it was changed.]

	CHALLENGE #140:  What do the wild ancestors of lima beans, watermelons, potatoes, eggplants and cabbages have in common?  ______________________________________________________________________
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