Potpourri #120 may 16
	Featured Quote:  “Four enemies of Integrity:  careerism, short-term thinking, misplaced loyalty and arrogance arising from power.”  --Michael Josephson

	BIG Q #32:  Why are major pubic structures almost always named for politicians?

	FACTOID:  The American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed., defines “liberal” this way:  “Favoring proposals for reform, open to new ideas for progress, and tolerant of the ideas and behaviors of others; broad-minded.”
	humor [?]: David Blaine, the street magician, was on the “Oprah” show, where he held his breath while underwater for 17 minutes. Underwater for 17 minutes without breathing or, as Dick Cheney calls it, “interrogation.” --David Letterman

	KWIKWIZ:
	511.  Who was the first U.S. president to be born in a hospital?
	512.  What is the only mammal that can fly?
	513.  Where did Arizona Tea originate?
	514.  Where was the first penitentiary built?
	515.  Why did telephone service in the U.S. stop for one minute one August day in 1922?

	19% of Americans eat ice cream in bed.  --AARP

	More Gore:  www.ted.com/index.php/talks/view/id/243
	
	Residents of St. Mary’s Convent in South Bend, all in their 80s and 90s, showed up to vote last Tuesday and were turned away because of Indiana’s strict new voter ID laws, they didn’t have government ID.  Thanks Justice Roberts!	

	Recent survey of MBA students re what’s most important in job selection:
		•  Compensation:  48%
		•  High ethical standards:  13%
		•  Job security:  4%

	Eponyms [words named for: ... ]
	AUGUST 	Augustus Caesar
	BAUD 	J. M. E. Baudot 
	BEEF STROGANOFF 	Count Paul Stroganoff 
	BLOOMER Amanda Bloomer or Amelia Jenkins Bloomer 19th c. American feminist 
	BOWIE KNIFE 	James Bowie (1796-1836) 
	BOYCOTT 	Charles C. Boycott 
	BRAILLE 	Louis Braille (1809-1852) 
	CAESAREAN SECTION Gaius Julius Caesar, who according to legend was born in this manner 

	Elephants’  paint self-portraits from Mary M.:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=_LHoyB81LnE&eurl=http://hotair.com/archiv

	Thomas Edison’s first patent was for an automatic vote-recording machine.  When he set up his lab at Menlo Park he promised “a minor invention every ten days and a big thing every six months or so.”  He kept his promise, averaging 40 patents/year--one every 9 days--for a lifetime total of over 100.  In 1882, the year he lit up NYC, he scored 107.   --Maury Klein
	
	Facts about the brain by neuroscientist, Jeanette Norden:

	•  Pharohs could enter the afterlife w/o their brains, but not w/o their hearts.
	•  The brain is 1-2% of the body, but uses 20% of our blood.  Neurons die within minutes of not getting oxygen.
	•  A stoke is a brain attack:
		•  It’s the #1 cause of disability and #3 cause of death in the U.S.
		•  Stroke in the R hemisphere produces manic behavior;
		•  Stroke in the L hemisphere produces depression.
		•  A Transitory Ishemic Attack [TIA] prestages a major problem within 2-3 years.
	•  After birth, up to 70% of neurons in some parts of the brain die, but as adults we have the number of neurons as there are galaxies in the universe [100 billion].
	•  Neurons are the most diverse cell in the body:  150 kinds.
	•  Our brain can distinguish 500 levels of brightness and 6 million hues of color [women do better than men].
	•  There are male brains and female brains.  In humans, sexual orientation is determined before birth.  If the developing gonads of a male fetus send a slight amount of testosterone to the brain it turns into a male brain; the female brain is the default. Sometimes things go wrong, including agricultural poisons, and a child is born with the brain of the opposite sex.

	335 B.C.:  Aristotle advises in Politics that “...neglect of an effective birth control policy is a never failing source of poverty which in turn is the parent of revolution and crime.”  But the Greeks and later the Romans encouraged large families lest they have a dearth of recruits for their armies.

	Flying trapeze at its best from Nancy K: uk.youtube.com/watch?v=GPWJc8sLhjo
	
	Mike W asks:  Which country is the largest auto manufacturer?  He answers:  In 2007 Slovenia manufactured 571,071--more than 1 for every 10 inhabitants--with even more expected this year.

	Alan D is proud to be an American because a recent study found the average American walks about 900 miles year. Another study found Americans drink, on average, 22 gallons of alcohol a year. That means, on average, Americans get about 41 miles to the gallon.

	The Latin for one-twelfth gives us the word for inch.

	“History is after all only a pack of tricks we play on the dead.”  Voltaire

	Ron P re: drug ads:  www.prescriptionforchange.org

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	511.  J. Carter in 1924
	512.  bats
	513.  Brooklyn...Snapple began in NYC as well.
	514.  Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia was a new concept:  isolating each prisoner in an individual cell w/private yard so he could reflect and become penitent for his crime.  The building survives as a museum.
	515.  To honor Alexander Graham Bell on his burial day.  He had conceived the idea of ‘electronic speech’ while visiting his hearing-impaired mother.  He tested his telephone from Ontario, 4 miles to the Bell home.

	CHALLENGE #119 was:  Which ‘book’ won the Pulitzer Prize for literature and drama, in successive years?  Answer:  Michener’s “Tales of the South Pacific” and Rogers/Hammerstein’s “South Pacific.”

	CHALLENGE #120:  Sturgeon bladder, calf hoof and lots of sugar is the formula for what?  ________________________________________________________________
“Potpourri” is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit 
from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.

Potpourri #121 may 23  patronymics edition
	Featured Quote:  “It baffles me that President Bush would rather go to Saudi Arabia twice in four months and beg the Saudi king for an oil price break than ask the American people to drive 55 miles/hour, buy more fuel-efficient cars or accept a carbon tax or gasoline tax that might actually help free us from what he called our ‘addition to oil.’”  --Thomas L. Friedman

	BIG Q #33:  Does our society REALLY want to educate everyone?

	FACTOID: The modern tax on employment was begun by German Chancellor Bismarck.  The capital of North Dakota took his name to attract German capital to build a railroad.

	humor [?]: Krishna reports on a world-wide survey conducted by the UN that asked: "Please give your honest opinion about solutions to the food shortage in the rest of the world"  The survey was a huge failure:  In Africa they didn't know what 'food' meant;  In India they didn't know what 'honest' meant; In Europe they didn't know what 'shortage' meant;  In China they didn't know what 'opinion' meant;  In the Middle East they didn't know what 'solution' meant;  In South America they didn't know what 'please' meant;  And in the USA they didn't know what 'the rest of the world' meant!

	KWIKWIZ:
	516.  Who was the first cabinet member to be convicted of a felony?
	517.  Who form the Italian triumvirate of literature?
	518.  In the 1974 version of “Cat on a Hot Tin Roof,” Tennessee Williams used the word “*ucking” that he originally intended instead of the words he used in the 1955 production which were?
	519.  An American [conservative] museum has a display of Adam & Eve and Cain & Abel playing with what kinds of anachronistic toys?
	520.  Which administration had the highest average economic growth:  Carter, Reagan, Bush I or Bush II?

	Erratum:  Correction from last week from Mike W:  “I said it was Slovakia, not Slovenia, and I didn't say it was the world's largest auto manufacturer. It is the largest auto manufacturer, PER CAPITA.”  [mea culpa...wmm]

	SON OF A ...  In Britain, before 1200, descriptive names, reflecting an occupation or some personal characteristic, were sufficient--names like JOHN THE SMITH or ETHELRED THE UNREADY. Many of these were eventually shortened and carried on as family names: TINKER, BAKER, and ARMSTRONG. Other names evolved from the place someone came from or from some noteworthy accomplishment, but naming someone as the son of his father remained among the most convenient and popular devices.

	The Scandinavians added SON to the father's given name, producing ANDERSON 'son of Andrew' and TENNYSON 'son of Dennis'. (The Norwegian variant is SEN). French contributed FITZ, the Norman- or Anglo-French spelling of Old French FIZ, which was pronounced (fits), as in FITZGERALD and FITZWILLIAM. (The modern French form is FILS 'son'.) This one stirs up a bit of controversy as to its real meaning: is it 'son of' or 'illegitimate son of'? According to the OED, it came into English after the Norman Conquest with the meaning 'son of,' and only later was occasionally used to designate an illegitimate son of royalty, as in FITZROY 'illegitimate son of the king.'

	There is also some popular confusion over the MAC and MC patronymics, like MACARTHUR and MCDONALD. The conventional wisdom is that MAC is Scottish and MC is Irish, but in fact MC--and for that matter sometimes just M--is just a shortened form of the Gaelic MAC ('son of'), and both forms are common in both countries. Several sources say that the Irish O, as in O'CONNOR, means 'grandchild of.' But the OED explains that O comes from an Irish word which means 'descendant' and indicates "a member of an ancient Irish family."

	In Spanish, MARTINEZ is 'son of Martin.' A German parallel is MENDELSSOHN, 'son of Mendel.' In Russian it’s -ovich as in Ivanovich. The Icelandic tradition, like the Arabic and Hebrew naming practice acknowledges that some children are female.

	World Clock from Krishna:  www.chippynews.com/worldclock.htm
	
	Eponyms [words named for:  ]
	CHAUVINISM 	Nicolas Chauvin 
	DECIBEL 	Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922)
	DIESEL 	Rudolf Diesel (1858-1913), German automotive designer 
	DUNCE 	John Duns Scotus (who was actually very smart) 
	EGGS BENEDICT 	E. C. Benedict (1834-1920) 
	FUCHSIA 	Leonard Fuchs (1501-1566), German botanist 
	GALVANIZE 	Luigi Galvani 
	GATLING GUN 	Richard J. Gatling 

	What to do in an earthquake from Alan [I got 2 correct]:  www.nwcn.com/sharedcontent/features/flash/quake/during.html

	Females rupture their anterior cruciate ligament at rates as high as five times that of males in sports that both play.  --Michael Sokolove

	“Every molecule of carbon in our body originated in the stars.”  --John Barrows

	Small farms are the most productive on earth.  A 4-acre farm in the U.S. nets, on average, $1,400/acre; a 1,364-acre farm nets $39/acre.  Big farms compensate by sheer quantity. --Dan Barber

	Life is a train ride from Alan:  pixiesplace.com/trainride/

	Of the four sitting Senators who served in Vietnam combat, only John McCain supports the Iraq War, Chuck Hagel, John Kerrey and Jim Webb do not.  McCain was shot down and captured in 1967 and was sealed away until 1973, while the others shared the disillusioning and morally jarring experience as soldiers.  --Matt Bai

	Judaism is mostly a culture--religion is just one component.  --humanist rabbi Peter Schweitzer

	From Fred B:  “Advice is what we ask for when we already know the answer but wish we didn't.”  --Erica Jong
	
	Cost for a night at the 4,300 sq.ft. suite at the Four Seasons in Manhattan which includes a butler, driver and plasma TV in each room:  $30,000

	Alan D says go here, put in your first name, then your last name, but not your e-mail address, then click ‘vizualizar’:  www.tatuagemdaboa.com.br/

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	516.  Warren Harding’s Interior Sec’y: Albert B. Fall for the Teapot Dome Scandal where oil tycoons tried to get a hefty percentage of the nation’s oil reserves.
	517.   Dante, Petrarch and Boccaccio
	518.  “rutting”  and “ducking”
	519  dinosaurs--the definition of anachronism and rejecting science
	520.  Carter had 3.4%  --Paul Krugman

	CHALLENGE #120 was:  Sturgeon bladder, calf hoof and lots of sugar is the formula for what?  Answer:  JELL-O, created in Le Roy, NY in the 1890s [Jerry got it.]

	CHALLENGE #121:  	

	EVE = .TALKTALKTALK . . .
         DID

	The same letters stand for the same digits, zero included.  The fraction EVE/DID has been reduced to its lowest terms.   The decimal form has a repeating period of four digits.  The solution is unique.
________________________________________________________________
“Potpourri” is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit 
from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.

Potpourri #122 may 30

	Featured Quote:  “Compassion is the basis of all morality.”  --Arthur Schopenhauer

	BIG Q #34:  If all organisms could vote, would humans be voted off the earth?  --Paul Stamets

	FACTOID:  Renaissance Fraud:  Columbus knew the earth was round, as did Aristotle, Ptolemy and St. Aquinas.  --Louis Markos
	humor [?]: The minister's 5-year-old son was chosen to say the appropriate prayers at the burial of a dead robin, and with sonorous dignity intoned his version of what he thought his father always said: 'Glory be unto the Faaather, and unto the Sonnn, and into the hole he goooes.'   --Ron P.

	KWIKWIZ:
	521.  Who was the first U.S. president to own a radio?
	522.  What business did Al Capone’s business card said he was in?
	523.  Who said “tear down that wall” in a speech in Berlin in 1987?
	524.  What is the world’s largest natural wonder?
	525.  What are the two paths followed in Hindu life?

	Feedback re patronymics from Jim S.:  “As a 3rd generation Swedish-American, and in support of equal rights for women, I hasten to point out that the patronymic suffix -dotter was commonly used up until at least the 1800s (maybe later) in Sweden and in Norway. The Norwegian spelling might be a bit different -- in Icelandic I think it's -dottir. My great grandfather was Carl Svensson, as his father's given name was Sven. So my grandfather was a Carlsson. My grandfather's sister had the surname "Carlsdotter" until they came to the US, when it was changed to "Svensson" then "Swenson"and later "Swanson." So much for those outfits who tell you they can trace your Scandinavian name back hundreds of years.” 

	Shift Happens from Alan:  youtube.com/watch?v=FqfunyCeU5g

	Riddles from Carl S.:  
	1. A murderer is condemned to death and has to choose between three rooms. The first is full of raging fires, the second is full of assassins with loaded guns, and the third is full of lions that haven't eaten in 3 years. Which is safest?
	2. A woman shoots her husband then holds him under water for over
5 minutes. Finally, she hangs him. But 5 minutes later they both go out together and enjoy a wonderful dinner together. How can this be?
	3. What is black when you buy it, red when you use it, and gray when
you throw it away ?
	4. Name three consecutive days without using the words Wednesday, Friday, or Sunday?
	5. This is an unusual paragraph. I'm curious as to just how quickly you can find out what is so unusual about it. It looks so ordinary and plain that you would think nothing was wrong with it. In fact, nothing is wrong with it! It is highly unusual though. Study it and think about it, but you still may not find anything odd. But if you work at it a bit, you might find out. Try to do so without any coaching!

	Eponyms [words named for:  ]
	GRAHAM CRACKER 	Sylvester Graham (1794-1851) 
	GUILLOTINE 	Joseph I. Guillotin
	GUY 		Guy Fawkes 
	JULY 		Gaius Julius Caesar 
	LEOTARD 	Jules Leotard 
	MACH 		Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist 
	MAGNOLIA 	Pierre Magnol 
	MASOCHISM 	Leopold von Sacher-Masoch

	The laws of nature are fixed;  the laws of human nature are not.  --Louis Markos

	“You can save $50 to $100/year just by turning off the screen saver” and letting your computer go to sleep.  --Noah Horowitz

	China’s colleges have six times the number of students they had a decade ago.

	MasterCard expects its avg. annual net income growth of 20-30% each of the next 3 years.  --Reuters

	Chuck Hagel said he listened to declassified tapes from the mid-1960s in which Lyndon Johnson admitted to advisers that Vietnam probaby couldn’t be won but ruled that withdrawal would make him the first American president to lose a war.

	The U.S. military is embracing a combat sport commonly called ultimate fighting that a decade ago was called human cockfighting and largely outlawed.  www.nytimes.com/2008/05/30/sports/othersports/30fight.html

	Organic fruits and vegetables contain 40% more nutrients than their chemical-fed counterparts.  Animals raised on pasture provide meat/dairy containing more beta carotene and at least 3 times as much conjugated linoleic acid [which reduce cancer risk in animals] than those raised on grain.  --Dan Barber

	Asterisk means ‘king of stars.’

	Hanging Gardens of Babylon: present-day Al Hillah, Iraq; formerly Babylon  The ancient Babylonian ruler Nebuchadnezzar had these legendary gardens built around 600 B.C. to console his wife, Amytis, who was homesick and longing for the fragrant flora of her native Media. The gardens themselves have been destroyed, but thorough descriptions of them are found in a number of ancient, mostly Greek sources. They tell us that the gardens did not actually “hang” but rather grew on the roofs and terraces of Babylon’s royal palace, and they suggest that irrigating the gardens may have involved a device similar to today’s Archimedes’ screw.

	Controlling Consumption:  Last month [when gas in the U.S.was only $3.37], we paid 12% tax/gal.  Tax elsewhere:  Canada, 27%; Spain, 49%; Italy, 57%, France, 60%, Grt. Brt., 62%; Germany, 63%.

	The Air Car from Mike W.:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmqpGZv0YT4
	
	Answers to riddles:
	1. The third room. Lions that haven't eaten in three years are dead.
	2. The woman was a photographer. She shot a picture of her husband, developed it, and hung it up to dry.
	3. Charcoal, as it is used in barbecuing.
	4. Yesterday, today, and tomorrow!
	5. The letter e, which is the most common letter used in the English
language, does not appear in the paragraph.

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	521.  Warren G. Harding in 1922
	522.  A used furniture dealer.
	523.  Democratic House speaker, Jim Wright, two months before President Reagan did.  --David Greenberg
	524.  The 135,000 square mile Great Barrier Reef
	525.  Desire and renunciation

	CHALLENGE #121 was:  

	EVE = .TALKTALKTALK . . .
         DID

	The same letters stand for the same digits, zero included.  The fraction EVE/DID has been reduced to its lowest terms.   The decimal form has a repeating period of four digits.  The solution is unique.  The Solution:  Put the repeating period over n 9s and reduce to lowest terms:  TALK/9999  which must equal EVE/DID. DID, consequently, is a factor of 9999.  Only 3 fit:  101, 303 and 909.  Only 303 works.  Since EVE must be smaller than 303, E is 1 or 2, and only 242 works.  The unique answer is 242/303= .798679867986...  This is proof that Eve double-talked. [Jerry got it.]

	CHALLENGE #122:  His father was a tax collector who was arrested for embezzlement, and his family lived in poverty.  His sisters were illiterate.  He was a nude model as a youth, and is not buried in his coffin.  He is a top-selling poet of all-time. ________________________________________________________________
“Potpourri” is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.

Potpourri #123june 6  Med/Drug Edition

	Featured Quote:  “A truth that’s told with bad intent/beats all the lies you can invent.”  --William Blake

	BIG Q #35:  Are they ‘high-priced medical specialists’ or ‘partialists’?

	FACTOID:  Every month the American government adds around 20,000 names to its terrorist watch lists.  --Ben Schott

	humor [?]: Shakespeare’s first folio contained 27,000 different words; the King James version of the Bible contains 7,000.  So Shakespeare had a bigger vocabulary than God!

	KWIKWIZ:
	526.  The Literary Digest successfully predicted 5 presidential elections, and predicted a landslide for Landon in 1936 over Roosevelt.  How many states did Landon win?
	527.  What is the origin of the “everything” bagel?
	528.  How is 2/3 of Austria’s power generated?
	529.  How many American kids are homeschooled?
	530.  Which are older, ferns or flowering plants?

	Eponyms [words named for:  ]
	MAVERICK 	Samuel A. Maverick (1803-1870) 
	MESMERIZE 	Franz Anton Mesmer 
	NICOTINE 		Jean Nicot 
	PASTEURIZE 	Louis Pasteur 
	POINSETTIA 	Joel R. Poinsett 
	RITZY 		César Ritz 
	ROME		Romulus
	SADISM 		Marquis de Sade 

	The % of women in the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House and governorships is the same: 16%.  But only 2% of Fortune 500 firms have a woman CEO.  The difference is who decides.

	From Joe O’: Two blondes walk into a building....You would think at least one of them would have noticed it was there.

	Aggressive Medical Treatment:   --Consumer Reports, July ‘08

	•  Dartmouth research has found that patients with serious conditions who are treated in regions that provide the most aggressive medical care [the most tests/procedures/specialists/days in hospital] don’t live longer or enjoy a better quality of life than those who receive more conservative treatment.  	
	Some startling insights from the Dartmouth research:
	•  The local supply of doctors & hospitals has more influence on the amount and type of care patients receive than their actual medical conditions.  The more resources available, the more aggressive the treatment.
	•  In regions that deliver the most care, patients have a slightly higher death rate than patients w/same conditions in areas that treat less aggressively.
	•  Patients treated most aggressively are no more satisfied with their care.
	•  The cost differences are vast.  Average Medicare spending over the last 2 years of life for all hospitals ranged from $181,143 in Manhattan to $29,116 in Dubuque, Iowa.

	•  Data on 2,878 hospitals free at:  ConsumerReportsHealth.org

	‘Guardian of the bread’ in Old English was corrupted and evolved into the word lord.

	“Today, if you’re not rich or Southern or born again, the chances of your being a Republican are not great.”  --Ed Rollins

	Cable prices rose 77% since 1996--twice inflation. [Bureau of Labor Statistics]  People w/cable use 13% of the basic 118 channels.

	Of the 8,000 prisoners released in Iraq since last September, less than 1% were returned to prison.--Lt. Cmdr. K.C. Marshall [That’s a fraction of the U.S. experience.]  The Pentagon plans to build 6-10 Quonset hut-prisons in Afghanistan at the cost of $100,000 per prisoner.  --Eric Schmitt

	Every 1¢ increase in gasoline prices means Americans pay $1.42 bilion more/year, and nearly 2/3 of that goes to foreign producers.  --Steven P. Brown

	Drug Facts by Melody Petersen:
	•  The FDA reports that 100,000 Americans die each year because they took their prescription-medicine as prescribed by a doctor.  
	•  Only the U.S. and New Zealand allow drug companies to advertise directly to consumers.
	•  65% of Americans take at least one prescription drug.
	•  The medical literature is propaganda [mostly positive studies reported; sometimes written by PR firms hired by drug companies w/MDs names on them]
	•  Beginning in 1951 Congress required drug prescriptions.
	•  Big Pharma spends the most money on lobbyists;  they have two lobbyists for every member of Congress.
	•  Beginning in 1992 the FDA required drug companies to pay fees to get drugs approved.
	•  She argues:  Ban drug money to doctors so they stop being dependent on drug companies and return to work for us.

	“The more power a person has, the less capacity he has to take another person’s perspective.”  --Joe Magee

	Goldwater was to Reagan as McGovern is to Obama.  --Sam Tanenhaus

	‘Who’s on First’ from Alan:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=DtQZZdJzJ5Y
	
	From Nancy K.:  Q: Is America Ready for a Woman or Black President? 
A. Did anyone ask us in 2000 if Americans were ready for a MORON? 

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	526.  2: VT & ME,  Because of non-representative sampling the L.D. was wrong, and soon went out of business.
	527.  In 1980, 15-year-old David Gussin swept the burnt seeds at the bottom of the bagel oven at a take-out place in Howard Beach, Queens, and made a new batch w/them.  The boss sold them for a nickle extra.
	528.  Hydro-electric power.
	529.  1.1 million
	530.  Ferns by more than 200 million years.

	CHALLENGE #122 was:  His father was a tax collector who was arrested for embezzlement, and his family lived in poverty.  His sisters were illiterate.  He was a nude model as a youth, and is not buried in his coffin.  He is a top-selling poet of all-time. Answer:  Kahlil Gibran is the 3rd best-selling poet of all time, after Shakespeare and Lao-Tzu, primarily based on one book:  “The Prophet.”  --Joan Acocella  [Jerry got it.]

	CHALLENGE #123:  To help finance WWI, the government increased by 50% the cost of something everyone used. ________________________________________________________________
Potpourri is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.

Potpourri #124 june 13
	Featured Quote:  “Government by organized money is the same as government by organized mob.”  --FDR

	BIG Q #36:  When was the last time you saw a person on TV stop and think? 

	FACTOID:  One gallon of gasoline produces19 pounds of greenhouse gas.
	humor [?]:  On the first day of school, a first-grader handed his teacher a note from his mother. The note read, 'The opinions expressed by this child are not necessarily those of his parents.'  --Ron P.

	Now ya know:  “If you jump from a tall building and land on your back, your eyes will pop out of your head and hang by bloody cables.”  --David Sedaris

	KWIKWIZ:
	531.  How were the Alps created?
	532.  The octopus has 300 million neurons, where are they?
	533.  What is ‘potlatch’?
	534.  What is a leading cause of on-the-job death of Chinese-food delivery men?
	535.  Who was the first gay president of the U.S.?

	Remember the Bible story of the master who gave coins [then called talents] to servants while he was gone?  Two increased their value;  one buried his to keep it safe.  From that story we get our word talent--as in gift.  The message is that we must use our talents, not hide them.

	The U.S. defense budget is larger than the sum of the defense spending for all the countries in the world.  Remember Mark Twain:  “A man with a hammer sees everything as a nail.”

	Amazing story from Nancy K.:  http://www.ebaumsworld.com/video/watch/479442/

	“The bearded Callistratus married the rugged Afer/Under the same law by which a woman takes a husband./Torches were carried before him, a bridal veil covered his face.”  --from a Roman poem of the 2nd c. A.D.

	R U smart or stoopid?  from John E.:  www.flashbynight.com/test/

	Historically, diacritical marks were a convenient way to expand an alphabet borrowed from another language to add needed sounds. English does not use diacritics natively, unless you count the lowercase i, which was originally dotted in order to distinguish it from the adjacent short downstrokes of m, n, and u. English does tend to keep the diacritics in certain borrowed words, like CURAÇAO, where the cedilla under the second C gives it an s-like sound; and CAFÉ, where an acute accent over the E specifies: ka-FAY.  In American dictionaries, diacritics commonly mark vowel quality. The circumflex over certain vowels that precede (r); the macron--a dash over a letter--marks a "long" vowel; the breve--a cuplike curve--signals a "short" vowel; and the dieresis marks leftover sounds, like the (Ä) in the first syllable of FATHER.

	It takes 3 pounds of wild fish to grow 1 pound of farmed salmon.

	Mushrooms  by Paul Stamets
	•  We are more closely related to fungi than any other kingdom. 
	•  We share the same pathogens and our best antibiotics come from them.
	•  They were the first organisms to come to land--1.3 billion years ago.
	•  Non-visible radiation, not sunlight, is their source of energy.

	60 billion neutrinos/sec from sun go through your thumbnail.  --Brian Cox

	Monet’s Garden:   On the “right bank” of the Seine River, 50 miles west of Paris, lies the village of Giverny.  French painter Claude Monet —whose work Impression, Sunrise gave the Impressionist movement its name — spotted the tiny community from the train. He moved his family there, and the gardens he raised inspired much of the last 30 years of his career. The gardens at Giverny were the subject of Monet’s iconic Water Lilies, a series of about 250 oil paintings that continued the artist’s career-long motif of serial works. In June 2007, 81 years after Monet’s death, a Sotheby’s auction in London fetched 18.5 million pounds for one.

	"This is my way.  What is your way?  THE way does not exist."  --Nietzsche from Mike W. 

	Advertising is the price companies pays to be un-original.  --Yves Behar

	The Poorest of the Poor...Paul Collier:
	•  The Bottom Billion--in 60 countries...in economies that have stagnated for the past 40 years.
	•  To help them, two forces must converge:  compassion [to get started] and enlightened self-interest [to get serious]--this is what happened after WWII to save Europe.
	•  Elections are deterimental in emerging democracies unless there are checks and balances.

	Horse riding game from John H.:  http://horseridingcoach.com/jumporama/

	The avg. decline in a bear market since WWII has been 30%.  The avg. rise during the recovery has been 120%.  --Leuthold Group

	Most U.S. med schools fail to police adequately the money, gifts and free drug samples that pharmaceutical companies routinely shower on doctors and trainees, according to the American Medical Student Association. Only 7 of the 150 medical schools included in the rankings received a grade of A while 14 were given a B. Sixty got a failing grade.  List of schools:  amsascorecard.org  Article:  www.nytimes.com/2008/06/03/health/03conflict.html 

	There are no silent letters in the works of Chaucer.

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	531.  Africa crashed into Europe and raised buried rocks.
	532.  They are spread out over the whole of its body...a true mind/body connection. --Oliver Sacks
	533.  Competitive feasts, “potlatch” in Chinook, of a Pacific Northwest tribe whose rival chieftains try to humilitate one another by unmatchable displays of generosity.
	534.  homicide
	535.  Probably our only bachelor president James Buchanan who lived for many years with William King of Alabama who later became our only bachelor VP.--Gail Collins

	CHALLENGE #123 was:  To help finance WWI, the government increased by 50% the cost of something everyone used.  Answer:  postage stamp went from 2¢ to 3¢ [equivalent to 50¢ in today’s dollars]. [Lance got it.]

	CHALLENGE #124:  He didn’t wash and was convinced that changing his clothes would alter his body’s chemistry in a bad way.  He called his first two children Dot and Dash, and mostly ignored them.  After his first wife died he married a 19-year-old. But he changed American society for the better, in several ways.  
________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.

Potpourri #125  june 20
	Featured Quote:  “Eat Food.  Not Too Much.  Mostly Plants. “ --Michael Pollan

	BIG Q #37:  The first born on earth was a murderer [Cain].  Is it in our genes?

	FACTOID: The exports from China in one day is equal to what China exported in all of 1978.
	humor [?]:  A couple in their 90s are both having memory problems. Their doctor suggests they write things down.  While watching TV, the old man gets up from his chair. 'Want anything while I'm in the kitchen?' he asks. 'Will you get me a bowl of ice cream?' 'Sure.' 'Don't you think you should write it down?' she asks. 'No, I can remember it.' 'Well, I'd like some strawberries on top, too. Maybe you should write it down.' He says, 'I can remember that.' 'I'd also like whipped cream. I'm certain you'll forget that, write it down?' she asks. Irritated, he says, 'I don't need to write it down, I can remember it! Ice cream with strawberries and whipped cream - I got it, for goodness sake!' Then he toddles into the kitchen. 20 minutes later, the old man returns from the kitchen and hands his wife a plate of bacon and eggs. She stares at the plate for a moment. 'Where's my toast?'   --from Ron P.

	Now ya know:    “Polio had destroyed feeling and movement in [FDR’s] legs, but elsewhere his body was unaffected.  ... In plain English, he could sustain an erection.”  -Joseph Persico

	TOO COOL...from Carla:  www.vaiavanti.com/     www.papertoilet.com/ 

	KWIKWIZ:
	536.  When/where were modern skiing techniques developed?
	537.  What kind of restaurants outnumber McDonald’s 2:1 in the U.S.?
	538.  How did the Akita breed of dog get to the U.S.?
	539.  Which major newspaper owns a minority share of the Boston Red Sox?
	540.  What’s the origin of musk, the perfume additive?

	“Mores”[mor-aze] are the basic principles of a society, the word comes from the French moeurs...habits of the heart.

	Money isn’t the root of all evil, it is the love of money that is the root of all evil.  Read Timothy.

	Answers to the lies about Obama:  www.fightthesmears.com

	The Ocean Floor...Robert Ballard  
	•  72% of the planet is under water.
	•  As is 50% of the territory belonging to the U.S.  
	•  We have better maps of mars than that 50%.
	•  25% of the planet is a mountain range--underwater.
	•  There were more exploration ships in the southern hemisphere during Captain Cook’s time than now.
	•  The avg. depth of the ocean is 12,000 feet, therefore, most of the planet is in total darkness--but life exists down there.

	No U.S. network newsbureaus exist in Africa, India or South America--where two billion people live.

	Apotheosis of the emperor was a Roman custom [raising a human to the rank of a god].

	In the Middle Ages, a child born after his father died was named Posthumous.

	Conscience makes cowards of us all.

	Healthy Eating...Mark Bittman
	•  More than 1/5 of greenhouse gas in U.S. comes from raising animals.
	•  Half the antibiotics in the U.S. are used on animals raised for food.
	•  Raising animals uses 30% of our land.
	•  Ten billion animals are slaughtered in the U.S. annually.
	•  We don’t need to eat animal products or junk food.
	•  Daily, one billion cans/bottles of Coke are consumed around the world.

	Everyone has a shelf-life in a job.

	Crows live everywhere in the world except for antartica and the tip of South America...and usually within 5 kilometers of man.   They are smart, with brains in the same proportion to their body size as chimpanzees.  --Joshua Klein

	“Don’t fight what you are...embrace it.”  --Nathan Myrhvold

	The name ‘Israel’ means ‘wrestles with God.’

	“...a woman dies in childbirth once every minute somewhere in the world.  In some African countries, a woman has more than a 1-in-10 lifetime risk of dying in childbirth.  If men were dying at such a rate for fathering children, the G-8 would be holding emergency summits.  Yet President Bush has actually proposed an 18% cut in 2009 in our aid agency’s neglibible spending for maternal and child care abroad.”  --Nicholas Kristof

	If Obama is elected, he will be 47 when inaugurated.  TR was 42, JFK was 45 and Clinton was 46.  McCain would be 72.

	“...half the world’s people have never made a phone call.”  --Bill Nye [the science guy]

	There were 25,000 beach closings or swimming advisories last year--a 28% increase from 2006  --Natural Resources Defense Council.

	% of the world’s population living in cities:  10% in 1900;  50% in 2008;  75% in 2050 [est.].

	How many times has a sitting-senator been elected to the Presidency?
Answer:  Twice:  Harding in 1920 and Kennedy in 1960

	If the sea rises 345 feet, the entire state of Florida will be under water.

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	536.  Tirol, Austria in the past 100 years.
	537.  Chinese restaurants
	538.  Helen Keller in 1937 brought the gift from Japan; 7 years later only a dozen remained in Japan [used for fur & food].  It’s an ancient breed of the Samurai warriors.
	539.  The New York Times
	540.  Natural musk comes from the glands of certain deer in the Himalayas.  In 1888, a chemist accidentally invented synthetic musks while working with TNT. 

	CHALLENGE #124 was:  He didn’t wash and was convinced that changing his clothes would alter his body’s chemistry in a bad way.  He called his first two children Dot and Dash, and mostly ignored them.  After his first wife died he married a 19-year-old. But he changed American society for the better, in several ways.  Answer:  Thomas Edison [Fred M., Jim S. and Jerry got it.]

	CHALLENGE #125:  What are the three all-time, most popular songs in the U.S.?
________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.   [wmmathews@mac.com]   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  

Potpourri #126 june 27
	Featured Quote:  “The Military’s Secret Weapon”---“...for the first time in history, a sizable and growing number of U.S. combat troops are taking daily doses of anti-depressants to calm nerves starined by repeated and lengthy tours in Iraq and Afghanistan.”   --Time Magazine

	BIG Q #38:  What is the purpose of an argument?  Resolution or something else?

	FACTOID:   0.03% of the sun’s energy that hits the earth could produce all the energy we need til 2030.  --Ray Kurzweil

	humor [?]: A cop pulled me over for speeding and noticed my eyes were red. He said, "Gee, your eyes look red. Have you been drinking?" I said, "No officer, but gee, your eyes look glazed. Have you been eating doughnuts?

	Now ya know:   	Big Pharma traditionally sponsors political ads vs legalizing marijuana...so  their turf is not invaded [valium, prozac, zoloft, viagra, et alia].
	TOO COOL...from Carla:  www.muchbetterthanthis.com/ 
www.fataltotheflesh.com/ 
	
	KWIKWIZ:
	541.  Why have there been so many Chinese restaurants and laundries?
	542.  Which sport has the best-paying college scholarship?
	543.  When/how was oil found in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia?
	544.  Why do mother rats choose their newborns over cocaine?
	545.  Is prostitution legal in Sweden?  How?

	The suffix -inth shows words to be pre-Greek, pre-indo-European:  e.g., hyacinth, labyrinth

	Common Cents quiz from Joe O’B:  www.exploratorium.edu/exhibits/common_cents/index.html

	The 10th story of the 3rd day of the Decameron tales by Boccaccio is the sexiest.

	Quotes from George Carlin:
	•  “By and large, language is a tool for concealing the truth.”
	•  “Baseball is a 19th-century pastoral game.  Football is a 20th-century technological struggle.  Baseball is played on a diamond, in a park.  The baseball park!  Football is played on a gridiron, in a stadium sometimes called Soldier Field or War Memorial Stadium.”   

	Barack Obama on Snopes:  www.snopes.com/politics/obama/obama.asp

	Poet means ‘maker’--from Greek

	“Economic inequality is, in substantial part, a political phenomenon.” 		•  Over the past half-century, Republican presidents have allowed income inequality to expand, while Democratic presidents generally have not.  
	•  From Truman to GWB: “Under Democratic presidents poor families did slightly better than richer families (at least in proportional terms), producing a modest net decrease in income inequality;  under Republican presidents, rich families did vastly better than poorer families, producing a considerable net increase in income inequality.”
	•  The income gap increased under Eisenhower, Nixon, Ford, Reagan and both Bushes, and declined under 4 of 5 Democratic presidents during this period--except for Carter.
	•  Democratic and Repubican presidents have pursued different economic policies:  Dem:  generally focused more on raising employment and output growth, which disproportionately benefit poor and middle-income families.  Repub:  have worried more about containing inflation, which has “negligible” effects on real income growth near the bottom of income distribution but “substantial effects at the top.”  
	•  On tax policy, Repub. presidents, especially Reagan, have pushed tax cuts that have disproportionately helped the wealthiest.
	•  Curiously, if only election years are counted, families at every income level “turn out to have fared much better under Republican presidents than under Democrats.  Whether through political skill or pure good luck, Republican presidents have been remarkably successfull in targeting income growth to coincide with presidential elections.”       

	For jellyfish stings:  rinse with ocean salt water and apply vinegar;  washing with fresh water will make the sting worse.

	It took us 5,000 years to put wheels on our luggage.

	A road trip triggered President Lyndon Johnson’s support for civil rights.  In the early 1950s, Johnson asked his maid’s husband to drive his beagle from Texas to Washington.  He replied to the president:  “We drive for hours and hours.  We get hungry, but there’s no place on the road we can stop and go in and eat...We keep goin’ til night comes...it takes another hour or so to find a place to sleep.  You see, what I’m saying is that a colored man’s got enough trouble getting across the South on his own, without having a dog along.”   --Susan Sessions Rugh

	Health insurance premiums rose 91% from 2000 to 2007.

	We surround ourselves with things that reinforce our conception of who we are, purchasing not just the objects we need but also symbols that help us articulate our personal narratives.  That’s why Ramones T-shirts outsell Ramones albums 10 to 1 and why 75% of Viking’s ultra-high-end kitchen ranges are never used.  --Sam Gosling

	Competition  [Latin:  com-petare] means ‘strive together.’  Atheletes train and get fit together.

	221b Baker Street is the fictional address of the home of Sherlock Holmes, according to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.  At that time, Baker Street addresses ended with the number 100, so no actual 221b existed. During the 1930s, street numbers were reallocated and a 221 Baker Street was named. The occupants almost immediately began receiving mail addressed to the fictional detective. Today, the Sherlock Holmes Museum stands at 239 Baker Street, but adopted 221b as a company name, allowing it to mark the famous address on its doorway.

	1/3 of the world’s people lack access to essential, affordable drugs or vaccines.  See analysis of the drug companies: www.atmindex.org/

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	541.  The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 barred them from agriculture, mining and manufacturing, but cleaning and cooking were women’s work and not threatening to white laborers.  --Jennifer 8. Lee
	542.  Men’s and women’s ice hockey [$21,755 and $20,540]
	543.  The Kingdom was formed in 1932.  The next year, while drilling for water, oil was found.
	544.  Prolactin and oxytocin hormones surge during pregnancy, breast-feeding and caretaking.  --Susan Pinker
	545.  Selling sex is legal; buying it is not.

	CHALLENGE #125 was:  What are the three all-time, most popular songs in the U.S.? Answer:  “Happy Birthday to You,”  “The Star-Spangled Banner,” and “Take Me Out to the Ball Game.”  The lyricist of the last, Jack Norworth, also wrote “Shine on Harvest Moon,” while the composer, Albert Von Tilzer, also wrote “I’ll Be With You in Apple Blossom Time.”

	CHALLENGE #126:  Which U.S. President’s mother controlled his income--while he was in the White House--until she died? 
________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  wmmathews@mac.com My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  


Potpourri #127 july 4

	Featured Quote:  Some people lack for nothing, but long for more.  --Michael Tonello

	BIG Q #39:  How do we love all the children of all the cultures for all time?  --William McDonough

	FACTOID:  The Sheik who founded OPEC was asked when we will see the end of the age of oil.  He replied:  “The Stone Age didn’t end because we ran out of stones.”

	humor [?]: Did you hear the Italian Government is going to put a clock on the Leaning Tower of Pisa? They figure what good is the inclination, if you don't have the time.

	Now ya know:   Tens of millions of people bought life insurance policies for flights in the U.S.  What percentage have been paid?  None   --John Tierney

	TOO COOL...from Carla:  www.whywashesad.com/ 
www.colorflip.com/ 

	KWIKWIZ:
	546.  What proportion of high school athletes earn sports scholarships?
	547.  Where was the first photobooth?
	548.  How many of the 46 U.S. VPs became president?
	549.  Which came first, the tin can or the Mason jar?
	550.  In 1970, U.S. stocks were 69% of the world market capitalization.  Today?

	About Lost in Space from Alan:  http://www.brasschecktv.com/page/325.html 
  
	The word idiot comes from the Greek and was a person seen as having bad judgment in public and political matters. 

	The Responsibility Project:  www.responsibilityproject.com/

	Carla’s advice to women:  “Live your life in such a way that when your feet hit the floor in the morning, Satan shutters and says ‘Oh, Shit, She’s Awake!’”

	Adoph Hitler imprisoned over 50,000 people for refusing to salute the flag.

	“Since President Bush came to office, our national savings have gone from 6% of gross domestic product to 1%, and consumer debt has climbed from $8 Trillion to $14 Trillion.”  --Thomas Friedman

	Fingernails-on-a-blackboard quiz:  www.sound101.org

	Happiness & Wealth:  Happiness increases along with income, but not at the very top.  The most happy earned significantly less than the top earners.  --Ed Diener, U of Ill.

	This year Iraq will produce $100 Billion worth of oil.  --Yahi Sahid
[Isn’t that about what we spend there each year?]

	56% of college seniors carry at least four credit cards.
	
	Oldies jukebox from Nancy:  www.tropicalglen.com/

	Tax on Stupidity:  20% of americans are frequent lottery players, spending about $60 Billion/year, and it is a sharply regressive tax:  A household with income under $13,000 spends, on avg., $645/year on lottery tickets, about 9% of all income.  --David Brooks

	10% of Americans have 64% of all medical expenses.   --Health Affairs

	From Truman to Nixon, real hourly pay for non-government workers rose 40%.  Since then, on average, it fell 5%.   --Ben Stein

	Happy 4th from Alan:  Liberty - animated Flash ecard by Jacquie Lawson

	“If President Bush and Senators John McCain and Barack Obama were to stand together in front of a camera and solemnly swear that they would balance the budget in four years, even if it required tax increases on people earning milliions, the dollar would rise against the euro and oil would fall in dollars.”  --Thomas Friedman

	The movement for tribal peoples:  www.survival-international.org/

	The American Resting Place         --Marilyn Yalom

	•  The earliest in the U.S. was the graveyard, a somber place, usually in town next to a church and marked with simple, tablet-shaped headstones inscribed “Here lies the body of...”  Graveyards served as grim reminders to passersby that they, too, would die one day.

	•  A second form orginated in Boston in 1831: the rural or garden cemetery, outside town in an idyllic landscape of hills, woodlands, ponds and elaborate statuary.  Here the message was not the certainty of death but the promise of paradise.

	•  The third type developed in reaction against the sentimentality and ostentation of many garden cemeteries: the lawn cemetery.  Uncluttered in the extreme: few statues and no mausoleums in favor of discreet plaques set flush to the ground--more like a golf course than a garden, in which the notion of death is virtually erased.

	•  Today, cremation is increasingly popular in the U.S., with more than half the deceased in the Western states cremated.

	•  Jews could not be buried in Massachusetts before 1840.

	•  Private cemeteries in California could refuse to accept blacks and Asians until 1959.

	•  The names of two African American cemeteries in Chareston, S.C. show black-on-black discrimination:  One is the Brown Fellowship Graveyard for Light-Skinned Blacks, consecrated in 1794.  The other: Thomas Small’s Graveyard for the Society of Blacks of Dark Complexion, 1843.

	•  Rural cemeteries were America’s first public parks.

	The trainride from Fred B. http://pixiesplace.com/trainride/

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	546.  1 in 93 for boys and 1 in 84 for girls
	547.  1926 at 1659 Broadway, NYC which cost 25¢ and was open 24 hours/day and had 280,000 customers in 6 months
	548.  14, nearly 1/3;  9 w/o being elected.
	549.  Tin can:  1810, England;  Mason jar:  1858, U.S.
	550.  42%  --Money Magazine

	CHALLENGE #126 was:  Which U.S. President’s mother controlled his income--while he was in the White House--until she died?  Answer:  FDR...it continued well into his third term in 1941. [Jerry and Lance got it.]

	CHALLENGE #127:  If a woman has two children and one is  a girl, what is the chance that the other child is also female, and why?  ________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  wmmathews@mac.com  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  

Potpourri #128  july 11

	Featured Quote:  “‘My country right or wrong,’ is a thing that no true patriot would think of saying....It is like saying, ‘My mother, drunk or sober.’ ”  --G.K. Chesterton

	BIG Q #40:  Why does my car’s speedometer go to 160 MPH when the speed limit is 65?

	FACTOID:  Every 24 hours, 4 million computers are built.  --George Dyson

	humor [?]: "The Bible contains six admonishments to homosexuals and 362 admonishments to heterosexuals. That doesn't mean that God doesn't love heterosexuals. It's just that they need more supervision." --Lynn Lavner 

	Now ya know:   The average man's penis is three times the length of his thumb.  --Jim H.

	TOO COOL...from Carla:  www.popcornpainting.com/ 
www.brokenself.com/ 

	KWIKWIZ:
	551.  Which workplace has the highest homocide rate for women?
	552.  Which U.S. VP was inaugurated red-faced, incoherent and probably drunk?
	553.  What is the cost to buy an annuity from an insurance co. to equal SS benefits?
	554.  Which species are totally monogamous?
	555.  Which is true:  Cold water boils faster than hot;  hot water freezes faster than cool?

	384,000 American women got voluntary breast augmentation last year...it’s becoming  a very popular HS graduation gift.

	Some NUMBers:    from Chris Jordan
	•  Every 6 hours, airlines discard 1 million plastic drinking cups.
	•  Americans discard 40 million paper/plastic cups/day.
	•  1/4 of the prisoners in the world are in U.S. prisons:  2.4 million people
	•  400,000 Americans die each year from smoking.
	•  On 9/11, 3,000 Americans died, that same day, 1,100 Americans died from smoking

	Dangerous tires from Alan D.: http://abcnews.go.com/Video/playerIndex?id=4826897

	“Nude” is an old legal term meaning ‘void, unenforceable,’ and took over a suggestive sense of naked.   [Colloquially, ‘naked’ means w/o clothes and ‘neked’ means w/o clothes and up to no good.   ;-)  ]

	Political conservatism is self-interest.  --George Lakoff

	The sale of kits to test for mad-cow disease to private companies is prohibited by the Bush Administration under an obscure 1913 law that allows the U.S. Department of Agriculture to prohibit veterinary products that it considers “worthless.”  But, between 2001 and 2006, the European Union used the test to turn up 1,117 cases of mad cow disease in seemingly healthy cattle approved for slaughter.

	Up until the 17th c. multiple negatives [comparatives and superlatives] were used in language...then logic changed the rule [two negatives make a positve].

	In 2006, for the first time in U.S. history, a majority of all births to women under 30 were out of wedlock.  [Nearly 80% of births among black women.]  When JFK was elected in 1960 it was 6%.  “The marriage rates of all native-born young males and young black males [22-32 years old] in the U.S. is strongly correlated with the annual earnings of these young men.  The higher their annual earnings, the more likely they are to be married,” said Andrew Sum  “Unfortunately, the mean annual earnings of yong men w/o 4-year college degrees have plummeted substantially over the past 30 years, and declined again over the 2000-2007 period.”

	We know what we are, but not what we might be.

	When George Bush was elected governor of Texas, the turnout was the lowest in the country...only 15% of Texans voted for him.  --Jim Hightower

	When both husband and wife have FT paying jobs, the wife does 28 hours of work around the house and the husband does 16.  The ratio is the same independent of class. [U. of Wisc. Nat’l Survey of Families]  When only the wife has a FT paying job, and the husband doesn’t, the wife still does the majority of housework. [Sampson Lee Blair]  The wife-husband ratio for childcare is 5 to 1; 15 to 2 if only dad works;  11 to 3 when both work. The ratios haven’t changed from 90 years ago. [UW]

	Water bottles require 17 million barrels of oil to manufacture and the total energy required for every bottle’s production, transport and disposal is equivalent to filling that bottle a quarter of the way with oil.  --Elizabeth Royte

	Your body uses 300 muscles to balance itself.  --Jim H.

	A new VICTIM from Jim S http://fc01.deviantart.com/fs13/f/2007/077/2/e/Animator_vs__Animation_by_alanbecker.swf.: 
	“First and foremost I’m a businessman.  My first goal is to attract the largest possible audience so I can charge confiscatory ad rates.  I happen to have great entertainment skills, but that enables me to sell airtime.”  --Rush Limbaugh to NYT

	The next ‘sub-prime mortgage’ crisis:  Credit Cards...Median balance from month-to-month is $6,700, up from $5,900 5 years ago--and rising.  --cardtrack.com  [Both areas lack regulation.]

	Your visual DNA: click on one pic on each screen, and wait for your profile.--from Carla:  Http://DNA.imagini.net/friends

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	551.  Homicide wrt prostitution is six times higher than #2: liquor clerk
	552.  Andrew Johnson who was later impeached
	553.  $225,000 to get the avg monthly benefit of $1,045. --Nat’l Acad. of Social Ins.
	554.  Only one:  Diplozoon paradoxum, a flatworm that lives in a fish’s gills. The male & female meet as adolescents and literally fuse their bodies together for life.
	555.  In 350 B.C. Aristotle noted that hot water freezes faster than cool water.
	CHALLENGE #127 was:  If a woman has two children and one is  a girl, what is the chance that the other child is also female, and why?  Answer:  The possibilities are girl-girl, girl-boy, boy-girl, so the chance that both children are girls is 33%.
	CHALLENGE #128:  She couldn’t dance, or sing by today’s standards, and was not pretty, but became a big and enduring star starting with a note:  who and how?
________________________________________________________________
Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.   My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com 

Potpourri #129    july 18use ltrhead

	Featured Quote:  “...the U.S. spends more than twice as much on each peson for health care as most other industrialized countries.  But it has fallen to last place among those countries in preventing deaths through use of timely and effective medical care, according to the report by the Commonwealth Fund, a nonprofit research group in New York.”  --Reed Abelson

	BIG Q #41:  “We can build spectacular new stadiums for football and baseball teams (Yanks, Mets, Giants & Jets each get staggeringly expensive new homes) but we can’t rebuild New Orleans or reconstruct the World Trade Center site destroyed almost 7 years ago.”  --Bob Herbert

	FACTOID:  By last count, the Pentagon has shipped 4,844,114 people to the Afghan/Iraq wars.

	HUMOR [?]: Why don't women have men's brains?  Because they don't have penises to put them in.

	Now ya know:   In the early 20th century, piano tuners outnumbered members of any other trade in English insane asylums.  --Katie Hafner

	TOO COOL...from Carla:  www.futurephysics.com/   www.biglongnow.com/ 

	KWIKWIZ:
	556.   What is the most famous item ever sold on eBay?
	557.   Who was 9818783?
	558.   Over the past 30 years, one substance has been identified that triggers behavior problems in some children.
	559.  Why did Henry IV stand outside in a hair shirt, barefoot on the ice for 3 days seeking an audience with Pope Gregory VII?
	560.  How do the French eat pizza, hamburgers and sorbet?

	Fiasco and flask both come from the Medieval Latin word flasco 'a small keg intended to carry wine.'  Venetian glassmakers set aside imperfect glass to make a common bottle or flask. They were making something much more difficult than a mere wine bottle, but if they made a mistake, they could always convert the error into a fiasco. The Italians use fiasco today in the same way as we do--as in, "The election was a fiasco." 

	Plastic bags?  from Carla [scroll down the right side]:  http://www.poconorecord.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080506/MULTIMEDIA02/80505016

	Who said that?
	•  “Our destiny will not be written for us, but by us.”

	•  This is “a war based not on reason but on passion, not on principle but on politics.”

	•  “This union may never be perfect, but generation after generation has shown that it can always be perfected.”

	•  “A party that offers not just a difference in policies, but a difference in leadership.  A party that doesn’t just focus on how to win but why we should.  A party that doesn’t just offer change as a slogan, but real, meaningful change--change that America can believe in.”
							Answer:  Barack Hussein Obama:

	GWB and Murder:  www.nytimes.com/2008/07/07/business/media/07bugliosi.html

	The Top Nine Things Only Women Understand:
	9. Why it's good to have five pairs of black shoes.
	8. The difference between cream, ivory, and off-white.
	7. Crying can be fun.
	6. FAT CLOTHES.
	5. A salad, diet drink, and a hot fudge sundae make a balanced lunch.
	4. Discovering a designer dress on the clearance rack can be considered a
peak life-experience.
	3. The inaccuracy of every bathroom scale ever made.
	2. A good man might be hard to find, but a good hairdresser is next to
impossible.
	And the #1 thing only women understand:     1. OTHER WOMEN!

	Mental math from Alan:  http://static.videoegg.com/ted/flash/fullscreen.html?v=/ted/movies/ARTHURBENJAMIN-2005&cid=/ted/movies

	When women are depressed, they either eat or go shopping.  Men invade another country. It's a whole different way of thinking. --Elaine Boosler

	Booze News:  Sam Anderson
	•  Cocktails were popularized in 20s American speakeasies, where juices, bitters and sugar covered up bad-quality Prohibition-era alcohol.

	•  During Prohibition, moonshiners didn’t have time to age their spirits, so they faked the effect by adding dead rats and rotten meat.

	•  Real French Champagne was sweet but still.  When the English imported it to their warm cellars in the 1660s, it went through a second fermentation and turned bubbly.

	•  Aztecs liked fermented sap, but had a legal drinking age (52) higher than their average life expectancy--but every four years they’d hold a New Year’s festival called “Drunkeness of Children,” where everyone, including toddlers, was required to drink.

	•  The pyramid builders got a daily ration of 1-1/3 gallons of beer.

	•  While Christianity adopted wine as a central holy symbol, the Koran banned liquor entirely--and yet it was Arab chemists who perfected the science of distillation, which produced a liquid called, in Arabic, al-koh’l.

	•  In 16th c. Japan, it was an insult to your host to stay sober, so guests who couldn’t drink would pretend to be drunk and even hungover “by sending thank-you letters deliberately late, written in shaky characters.”

	•  The Pilgrims’ Mayflower was actually “a claret ship from the Bordeaux wine trade,” and a group of settlers who came over to join them brought 20,000 gallons of beer and wine but only 3,000 gallons of water.

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	556.  A grilled Cheese sandwich supposedy depicting an image of the Virgin Mary.
	557.  Paris Hilton
	558.  Synthetic food colorings [contrary to U.S. Food & Drug Admin. pamphlet co-published with the food industry]  --Michael F. Jacobson
	559.  He had been excommunicated.  After being forgiven he descended on Rome with an army, but Gregory had the Normans defeat Henry--but they sacked Rome and the Pope fled south to die of fever.  --Anthony Pagden
	560.  With a fork

	CHALLENGE #128 was:  She couldn’t dance, or sing by today’s standards, and was not pretty, but became a big and enduring star starting with a note:  who and how? Answer:  Ethel Merman who stopped the show in “I Got Rhythm” when the Gershwins told her:  on the word ‘I,’ hold the C above middle C for16 bars.

	CHALLENGE #129:  List the following by their order of domestication:  edible acorns, almonds, olives, peas, pecans and strawberries. 
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Potpourri  is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.  wmmathews@mac.com 
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