POTPOURRI #110  Wednesday March 5
	Featured Quote:  “There are two things that are infinite:  the universe and human stupidity; and I’m not so sure about the universe.” --Albert Einstein

	BIG Q #22:  Why do we only call non-Americans peasants?

	456.  When was the longest economic expansion in U.S. history?
	457.  Why has religion thrived in U.S. vs. other industrialized democracies?
	458.  Which president proposed elimination of all nuclear weapons within 10 years?
	459.  Which are the only two states w/o legal gambling?
	460.  This family had 2 signers of the Declaration of Independence, 3 governors, 2 senators, 9 members of Congress and 4 confederate generals.
	What began as a sideline business selling polished metal mirrors to pilgrims in Germany (to capture holy light) evolved into an enterprise that altered the course of art, religion, politics and industry: Johannes Gutenberg’s movable type and printing press.  In 1455, Gutenberg produced 180 copies of a Bible in the time it would have taken a scribe to prepare just one.

	30% of men 18-34 years of age are still living with a parent.  --U. of PA

	And I thought fireworks were fun:  http://www.eepybird.com/dcm1.html

	We judge ourselves by our noblest acts and best intentions, but we are judged by our last worst act.

	“Punctuality is the virtue of the bored.”  --Evelyn Waugh

	Teacher purgatory in NYC:  http://www.rubberroommovie.com/

	The word ‘abacus’ has been applied to three dissimilar calculating aids.  The earliest and simplest was just a board dusted with a thin layer of dark sand on which to trace numerals and figures with a finger or stylus.  Archimedes was said to have been caculating on such a ‘sand board’ when he was killed by a Roman soldier.  The Greek word abax, a flat board or legless table, may have come from abaq, the Hebrew word for dust.  A later one, 4th c., but still in use during the Renaissance, was the counting board.

	50% of HDTV owners aren’t actually watching any high-def shows on them... but 25% of them think they are.  --Leichtman Research Group

	Never abandon an old friend. You will never find one who can take their place. Friendship is like wine, it gets better as it grows older. 

	5-Differences game:  http://www.ivoryboy.com/difference.html

	100 million of us, 40% of the adult population, have smoked marijuana.  More than 40,000 are in jail for marijuana offenses, and 700,000 are arrested annually merely for possession.  40-50% of HS seniors have used pot.  --Hendrik Hertzberg

	Every person in Israel owns a gasmask...including infants. 

	There are 10,000 species of ants, and for several million years they have coved the earth, except Antarctica [no pun intended]. Ant colonies have no central control.  The ones we see are sterile females.  Males die after mating with a queen who uses their sperm for 15-20 years.  25% work outside the nest, which is as deep as it is wide and contains 10-12,000 ants after 5 years...half are in reserve, doing nothing, at any time. Young ants work inside...then are reserves ...then they work outside and never come back in. An ant lives only one year, and they smell with their antennae.  --Deborah Gordon

	Ron P. asks:  Why do banks charge a fee on 'insufficient funds' when they know there is not enough money? 

	“Hanging is too good for a man who makes puns;  he should be drawn and quoted.”  --Fred Allen

	Nobility is a matter of character, not birth.  a common theme in Medieval literature

	As we age, we loosen hold on the future.

	Carla suggests this marketing IQ test [I got 2 wrong]:   http://www.cramersweeney.com/smartmarketing.html

	36. Twelve-ounce pound cake
	37. Diet ice cream
	38. Silent scream
	39. Working vacation
	40. Exact estimate
	41. Religious tolerance 

	57% of Americans literally believe in Armageddon.  --Time Magazine

	5% of Americans say they would refuse to vote for a black person; 11% would not vote for a woman; 42% would have trouble voting for someone age 72 or over.  --Gallup

	The novel was invented in the 17th c. The sonnet was invented in mid 13th c. in Sicily.

	Plasma or LCD both offer an amazing picture these days. In the better sets, the traditional flaws of plasma (burn-in) and LCD (limited viewing angle, weak blacks, weak fast motion) have been largely eliminated. The plasma screens still have glossy surfaces, and LCD sets are still brighter. So, plasma has truer color and does better in darker rooms, and LCD has more vivid color and does better in bright rooms. (LCD is also lighter and more energy-efficient, but usually costs more.) 720p or1080p are measurements of how many fine lines make up the picture. But, there’s no such thing as a 1080p TV broadcast (cable, satellite, anything), and won’t be for years.  So the only way to get a 1080p picture on a 1080p set is to buy a high-def DVD player, and then, you won’t see any difference unless you sit closer than 10’ from a 55” TV.  --David Pogue

	Angleland [England] is where the Angles came from:  people from the narrow land.

	Freedom means being unimpeded to do God’s will..   --Dante

	Credit has existed globally since the early days of trading and mercantilism, but it wasn’t until the 1920s that oil companies issued a physical card to repeat customers who purchased fuel for their new-fangled automobiles. In 1958, Diner’s Club launched the first card available for payment to general merchants: 27 participating NYC restaurants.  Although you can trace the word credit to its Latin root credere, meaning to believe or trust, the industry is fraught with mistrust by creditors and holders of credit alike. As of mid-2007, Americans’ collective credit card bill reached $915 billion.

	A short-lived creature is the dayfly, which in Greek was called ephemera.  So anything so unenduring that it scarcely seems to outlast the day, may be called ephemeral.

	from Nancy K:  "Be very careful if you make a woman cry, because God counts her tears.  The woman came out of a man's rib.  Not from his feet to be 
walked on. Not from his head to be superior, but from the side to be equal.  Under the arm to be protected,  and next to the heart to be loved."  --the Talmud

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	456.  10 years:  March 1991-2001--the Clinton years
	457.  Because religion is not entangled with the state.--Gary Wills
	458.  Ronald Reagan. We still have about 25,000 nuclear weapons in the world.  South America is a nuclear-weapon free zone--by their choice.
	459.  Utah and Hawaii
	460.  The Lee family of Virginia

	CHALLENGE #109 was:  Who were the early choices to play Mr. & Mrs. Robinson in “The Graduate”?  Answer:  Doris Day and Ronald Reagan

	CHALLENGE #110:  He was born in a speeding train and later found guilty of treason.  At age 5 he had no shoes;  52 years later a pair of his shoes sold for over $9,000.

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POTPOURRI #111  Tuesday March 11
	Featured Quote:  “Education is not to make men carpenters so much as to make carpenters men.”   --W.E.B. DuBois

	BIG Q #23:  If I promote guns, the death penalty and war...how can I claim that every life is sacred?

	461.  800,000 were killed in 100 days. Where and how?
	462.  What were the filters of Kent cigarettes made of from 1952-56?
	463.  The motto of Brown University isn’t quite “In God we trust.”  What is it?
	464.  Etiquette expert, Peggy Post, says the minimum restaurant tip is what?
	465.  Who is Reg Dwight?

	There’s nothing so hollow as the laugh of the person who intended to tell the story himself.

	True/False Test on Hinduism--Connor Finnerty
1.  The word Hindu comes from the name of a river.
2.  When true knowledge of the illusion of life is realized, one can be freed from the bondage of life and achieve unity with Brahman.
3.  The Vedas are the oldest sacred books of Hinduism
4.  Hindu philosophy teaches that the world goes through cycles of creation, prosperity, decay, destruction, repose and recreation.
5.  All Hindus have the same beliefs.
6.  Reincarnation always involves moving up the evolutionary ladder.
7.  He truly knows Brahman who knows him beyond knowledge:  he who thinks that he knows, knows not.
									     only 5 and 6 are false

	“The first step to healing a society is to make sure all words say what they mean.”  --Confucius

	Don’t leave home w/o it [if you’re a NUT], from Carl:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D99NHb6B03s

	In ancient Greece, the philosopher Zeno lectured on “How to Live a Happy Life,” from his porch [Gr.: stoa].  His gist:  People should free themselves from intense emotion, be unmoved by both joy and sorrow, and submit w/o complaint to unavoidable necessity. [Today, psychologists suggest the opposite.]  But in the 4th c. B.C. his philosophy was widely accepted by the Stoics.  Today, people are stoical if they bear their pain or sorrow w/o complaint.

	Everyone hears what you say.  Friends listen to what you say.  Best friends 
listen to what you don't say.

	Gaps in The Tex/Mex Wall:  It cuts through UT/Brownsville, but skirts River Bend Resort [lush golf club] and Sharyland Plantation [6,000-acre development owned by Ray Hunt who donated $35 million to the Bush library].  --Jim Hightower

	Auto Efficiency?  6% of an automobile’s energy is used to accelerate the car, while 87% of it is lost.  Less than 1% is used to move the driver.

	Philip sends a new version of Swan Lake:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gOqxSaW05p4

	My tongue swore, but my mind stayed unpledged.  --Aristophanes

	Cell phone from John H.: http://www.flixxy.com/sumsing-turbo-3000-cellphone.htm

	The best liars tell the truth most of the time.

	IRAQ is the 2nd longest and 2nd costliest war the U.S. has ever been in--so far. [and isn’t being paid by oil revenues as promised, but by ‘emergency appropriations’ ...after five years].

	The Lost Museum [P.T. Barnum]:  http://www.lostmuseum.cuny.edu/intro.html 

	Literalism Challenged:  James L. Kugel, an Orthodox Jew and author of “How to Read the Bible” says that there is essentially no evidence--archaeological, historical, cultural--for the events in the Torah.  No sign of an exodus from Egypt; no proof that Israelites ever invaded, much less conquered, Canaan; no indication that Jericho was ever sacked, In fact, quite the contrary:  current evidence suggests that the Israelites were probably Canaanites themselves, semi-nomadic highlanders or fleeing city dwellers who gradualy separated from their other culture established a distinct identity and invented a mythical past. [He is now teaching in Israel, and was for years one of the most popular teachers at Harvard with classes exceeding 900 students.]

	50 billionaires on the new Forbes list are under 40 years of age.  1/3 of the 23 new billionaires are from Russia, China and India.

	Brand-name prescription drug costs rose “substantially” after Part D began in 2006:  7.1% in 2006 and 7.4% in 2007--which was 2.5 times inflation.--AARP

	Flash Cards:  http://www.flashcardexchange.com/  and  http://Memorizable.com/Flags
	There is no civil marriage in Israel.

JOURNAL HEADLINE:  Kids can get “hooked form the first cigarette.”  
	•  “The typical adult smoker begins to crave the next cigarette in 45 minutes to an hour after smoking, but kids can be addicted and not need to smoke again for days, even weeks.”
	•  “Well over a dozen studies have shown that kids who watch movies with smoking are more likely to smoke.  Smoking in movies is more common now than it was in the 1950s and ‘60s, whereas smoking among aduts is half as common now as it was then.  Movie producers are not reflecting real life.”
	•  Today about 13% of teenagers smoke at least once a month.
	•  “The take-home message:  It only takes a day for the brain to remodel itself in response to one dose of nicotine.”
	•  “About 1/4 of young people experience a sensation of relaxation the first time they inhale from a cigarette, and this sensation predicts continued smoking.”
	•  In one typical study, 40% of adolescents who tried to quit relapsed in one week or less;  only 3% remained abstinent a year later.  
					--Dr. Joseph R. DiFranza, J of Family Practice

	If you win the rat race, you're still a rat.               
	Carnival was originally the season of merry-making just before Lent, when people took a last fling before saying [Latin]“Carne vale!”  “Oh flesh, farewell!”

	Share the work; share the salary?  Goldman Sachs co-presidents each are paid $67.5 million. [While the CEO was paid $68.5 million, but the CFO only got $57.5 million]  

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	461.  Rwanda in 1994 by machete
	462.  Pure asbestos.
	463.  “In God we hope.”
	464.  8%
	465.  Elton John

	Re:  457.  Fred M agrees with Gary Wills that ‘religion thrived in U.S. vs. other industrialized democracies because religion is not entangled with the state’ and adds that the church here is necessarily entrepreneurial.

	CHALLENGE #110 was:  He was born in a speeding train and later found guilty of treason.  At age 5 he had no shoes;  52 years later a pair of his shoes sold for over $9,000.  Answer:  Rudolf Nureyev  [Jim S. got it.]

	CHALLENGE #111:  Why is the numeric keypad on a computer (7-8-9 at the top) upside-down from the numeric keypad on phones (1-2-3 on top)?
"Potpourri" is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  WMWMWMWM [wmmathews@mac.com]   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.

POTPOURRI #112  Thursday, March 20

	Featured Quote:  "The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift."   --Albert Einstein

	BIG Q #24:  Why is fundamentalism wrong everywhere else but in America?

	466.  25,000 $1 bills flew around the roads on Long Island amidst money-grabbing pedestrians and motorists.  The Police recovered how many bills?
	467.  How many Black Republicans are in the House and Senate?
	468.  Which beverage takes the most water to produce, including water used to grow and process the plants:  coffee, orange juice or tea? 
	469.  What is the plural of octopus?
	470.  Name a country that has over 700 languages.

	English belongs to the very large Indo-European language family [Germanic, Baltic, Slavic, Celtic, Latin, Hellenic, Iranian, Sanskrit et alia, which led to Polish, Welsh, French, Greek, Kurdish, Punjabi, and English, to name a few].  It’s origin was in southern Ukraine and Russia.  Perhaps the most important moment for the spread of the Proto-Indo-European language was the domestication of horses around 4,800 years ago, at least 2,000 years after domestication of cattle, sheep, pigs and goats other places.  Initially tamed to provide meat in winter, centuries later they were ridden and eventually used to pull carts with solid wheels allowing mobility for their language. Later they became skilled warriors with spoked-wheel chariots and spred their language farther.  --David W. Anthony

	An Irish Blessing from Joe O’B and Jean K:  www.e-water.net/viewflash.php?flash=irishblessing_en

	An extraverted engineer/accountant looks at YOUR shoes.

	A hostile interviewer gets his cumuppance:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=kica8hmSdAM

	The whale-oil industry ran out of customers before they ran out of whales  --Amory Lovine

	GWB, who used his family connections to avoid Vietnam, told troops serving in Afghanistan last Thursday that he is “a little envious” of their adventure there, saying it was “in some ways romantic.”

	Spirituality is the belief in souls:
		Magical beliefs:  we can control natural and supernatual forces.
		Religious beliefs:  we are subject to a higher power.

	A short history of China from Mike W.:  http://www.msnbc.com/modules/interactiveaspx?type=ss&launch=11112443,3036059&pg=1

	George Bush’s favorite painting hangs in the oval office:  a 1916 cowboy scene by W.H.D. Koerner which he said depicts: “a horseman determinedly charging up what appears to be a steep and rough trail”--representing his own political journey against steep odds and naysayers.  W says he sees himself in the painting, and some say the rider looks like him.  Over the years W has added a Christian morality tale saying the horseman was a circuit-riding minister rushing to spread the religion of Methodism [his chosen faith]. Actually, it was an illustration for a Saturday Evening Post short story, “The Slipper Tongue,” about a slick-tongued horse thief fleeing a lynch mob.  --Jim Hightower

	The real test of character comes when doing the right thing may not be in our self-interest.

	Exxon-Mobil’s profit last year was $77,220 per minute.  --Timothy Egan

	The U.S. ranks 45th in life expectancy, behind Bosnia and Jordan; near last of developed countries in infant mortality; and in last place among major industrialized countries in health-care quality, access and efficiency.  --Sandeep Jauhar, M.D.

	Duck & Dog from John E.:  www.sonnyradio.com/duckanddog.html

	10 million pets are sent to ‘shelters’ each year--and most are euthanized.

	In the past 5,000 years the human genetic code changed 100 times faster than it had in any prevous period.  “We are more different genetically from people living 5,000 years ago than they were from Neanderthals.”  --John Hawks

	Protest posters from when I was in Madison:  www.news.wisc.edu/14714 

	You don’t have to be sick to get better.

	In the 1880s, Samuel Augustus Maverick was a Texas cattleman who refused to brand his cattle, seeing it as cruel.  So, an animal that bore nobody’s brand became a maverick.  His grandson and great-grandson became Texas politicians.  In 1944, the former Rep. Maury Maverick coined a word for bureaucratic obfuscation: gobbledegook.  He said official Washington language sounded like the gobbling of a strutting turkey cock, “and at the end of the gobble there was a sort of gook.”  --William Safire

	Art savant from Mike W.:  video.stumbleupon.com/

	“You are only young once, but you can always be immature.”  Dave Barry

	Surnames weren’t common in Britain until the 12-14th c.  Many European Jews didn’t use them until it was mandated in late 18th & 19th c.

	Bush claims a temporary slowdown in the economy.  “I see nothing in the present situation that is either menacing or warrants pessimism.”  --Andrew Mellon, Hoover’s treasury secretary shortly after the 1929 stock-market collapse that presaged the Great Depression.

	Client #9 from Alan:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=O2rWy5CAwNE

	If you bought any diamonds from 1994-2006:  https://diamondsclassaction.com/

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	466.  All but $128
	467.  Zero
	468.  Coffee. One cup contains 74 gallons of “virtual water.”  --Am. Museum of Nat. Hist.
	469.  octopuses or octopodes--NOT octopi.
	470.  Papua New Guinea

	CHALLENGE #111 was:  Why is the numeric keypad on a computer (7-8-9 at the top) upside-down from the numeric keypad on phones (1-2-3 on top)?  Answer:  When 10-key touch-tone telephones were invented it was decided that folks accustomed to 10-key calculators would type in the numbers faster than the then-developed equipment could handle, so the numbers were inverted. The computer keypad is a legacy of the adding machine/calculator and is mostly used by bean counters, who are too old to learn new tricks. The phone keypad is a legacy from the rotary dial, with the 1 on top and 0 at bottom. The dial had the alphabet to contend with. No one wants to see that upside down. [Jim S and Jerry got it.]

	CHALLENGE #112:  A young boy wrote to President F.D. Roosevelt saying he had never seen a $10 bill, and would like to.  The boy grew up to be a world leader.  Who?  
"Potpourri" is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  WMWMWMWM [wmmathews@mac.com]   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.

POTPOURRI #113 friday March 28

	Featured Quote:  “Naturally the common people don’t want war; neither in Russia, nor in England, nor in America, nor in Germany. That is understood. But after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine policy, and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy, or a fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a communist dictatorship. …Voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is to tell them they are being attacked, and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same in any country.”  --Hermann Göring

	BIG Q #25:  How many times do you get to lie before you are a liar?

	471.  What state did Pope Benedict XVI abolish last April?
	472.  Which official document now comes with 13 “inspirational quotes”?
	473.  Which bird of “bad moral character” was taken off the list of endangered species in the U.S.?
	474.  Which sports star sold 250,000 jerseys before playing his first game in the shirt?
	475.  What profession do those alleged to have been involved in the 2007 London and Glasgow terrorist attacks have in common?

	Glib is an old English root that means slippery.  Glib liers or glib talkers are smooth and slippery, but they only fool the nescient [ignorant], for their smoothness lacks sincerity and conviction.

	Mixed-race marriages were illegal in at least 16 states when Obama was born.  They were declared unconstitutional in 1967.

	Irish Blessing from Alan:  www.e-water.net/viewflash.php?flash=irishblessing_en

	Big Pharma’s Dirty Tactics:
	•  Rigging studies so that to be deemed “effective” a drug need only perform better than a sugar pill.
	•  Srategies that create illnesses from facts of life, labeling them as syndromes and hooking customers to long-term use of meds to ‘cure’ them.
	•  An example:  Detrol, the obnoxiously advertised ‘cure’ for “overactive bladder.”  Detrol can cause hallucinations that resemble Alzheimer’s disease.
	•  Creating chronic consumers for marginally necessary drugs.
	•  Drug ads became legal in 1997, so we now have the 1st generation of kids raised on ubiquitous, sunny drug ads that show prescription drugs fix everything, and that they’re less dangerous than street drugs.
	• Surprise:  Many of doctors’ research articles are ghostwritten by drug company spokesmen.
	•  As a federal investigator said in 1937, after a barely tested elixir killed 30% of those who took it:  “Apparently they just throw drugs together and if they don’t explode they are placed on sale.”
	--from How the Pharmaceutical Companies Transformed Themselves Into Slick Marketing Machines and Hooked the Nation on Prescription Drugs by Melody Peterson

	‘70s music quiz from Carl:  www.shegoddess.com/q/70s/index.aspx

	Political Quiz:
	1.  As a kid his nicknames were Punk and Nasty.
	2.  In a HS yearbook picture he wore a trenchcoat with a turned-up collar and a cigarette dangling from his lips.
	3.  When Chelsea Clinton was 18 he joked: “Why is Chelsea Clinton so ugly?  Because Janet Reno is her father.”
	4.  As a toddler, if he didn’t get his way he’d hold his breath until he fainted.
	5.  In a political debate in the ‘80s he said he “wanted to kill” his opponent for revealing that he was standing on a riser behind the podium.

	Regions of the U.S. that spend the most on health care have higher morality rates than regions that spend the least, perhaps because of increased hospitalization rates that result in more life-threatening errors and infections.  --Sandeep Jauhar, M.D.

	Dancing bird from Fred B:  http://birdloversonly.blogspot.com/2007/09/may-i-have-this-dance.html

	The Way It Is:  Some copyediting and design for the Miami Herald is done in New Delhi; Waterford crystal [since 1783] cut its Dublin workforce in half and moved the work to Eastern Europe at 1/4 the salary;  clinics in India use women from very-low-income families to be surrogate mothers for foreigners--wombs for rent.  --Jim Hightower

	Researchers gave cash to experimental subjects who were instructed either to spend it on themselves or on others.  They found that just giving $5 away caused a significant increase in happiness, whereas spending the money on oneself did not. --Science magazine

	The Kirk Douglas collection:  www.wcftr.commarts.wisc.edu/ 

	You may remember your grammar teacher telling you that the form GOT is not appropriate as a past participle--that is, you must say: “I've gotten used to her being late.” not “I've got used to her being late.” In American English, we use GOTTEN in these constructions; in British English, however, GOTTEN is archaic, and GOT is the correct form. This parallels the development of the use of PUT, whose past participle used to be PUTTEN.

	Americans are a religious people in a secular nation.

	To reduce CO2, have a carbon tax that is imposed but never collected: Denmark reduces carbon emissions by taxing industrial emission of carbon and returning the revenue to industry through subsidies for R&D in alternative energy sources, cleaner-burning fuel, carbon-capture tech and other innovations.  --Monica Prasad

	Answer to Political Quiz:  John McCain

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	471.  Limbo
	472.  U.S. Passport
	473.  Bald eagle
	474.  David Becham
	475.  Medicine

	CHALLENGE #112 was:  A young boy wrote to President F.D. Roosevelt saying he had never seen a $10 bill, and would like to.  The boy grew up to be a world leader.  Answer:  Fidel Castro [Jim S. and Jerry got it.]

	CHALLENGE #113:  Of the 15 largest U.S. cities, which two don’t have a Toys ‘R’ Us, WalMart or Target?
"Potpourri" is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  WMWMWMWM [wmmathews@mac.com]   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.

POTPOURRI #114  Friday, April 4

	Featured Quote:  “Only the winners decide what were war crimes.”  --Gary Wills
	humor [?]:  The Olympic torch has arrived in Beijing.  It will be taken all across China, to set protesters on fire.  --Jake Novak

	BIG Q #26:  Pericles argued in his Funeral Oration that democracy stimulates excellence because all citizens are stakeholders with public responsibilities.  Plato argued in his Republic that democracy is government by majority, rather than by those who know, and is fundamentally unstable and unjust.  Who is correct?

	FACTOID:  Race is cultural, not biological.

	476.  Which two countries formally adopted the euro at the beginning of 2008?
	477.  At 13 he yelled “F**k This!” when he played golf poorly, prompting his mother to make him go sit in the car.
	478.  Which of the two largest urban universities, by headcount reported the highest # of ‘forcible sex’ and burglary last year, NYU or Ohio State U.?
	479.  Which fictional animal has starred in the most major movies?
	480.  The discredited drugs Vytorin & Zetia captured 15.2% of the U.S. market, but only 3.4% in Canada.  Why?

	Memory starts to decline when people are in their 30s, and stress adds to forgetfulness.

	Memory test from Carl:  www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/sleep/tmt/instructions_1.shtml

	When intensive-care units at Michigan hospitals followed a 5-step checklist for how to insert intravenous lines  in patients, infections were virtually eliminated, saving the hospitals $175 million over 18 months.

	Evaluate YOUR hospitals: www.hospitalcompare.hhs.gov

	The Latin root cilium means eyelid;  super means above;  and above the eyelid is the eyebrow.   Obnoxious people who raise their eyebrows in contemp, disdain and sneering arrogance at ordinary folks are called supercilious.

	Jalapeno on a stick from John E.:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=AEWyTHvOo54
Med Facts from Sharon Begley:
	•  The U.S. is 28th in infant mortality--worse than Portugal, Greece, the Czech Republic, N. Ireland, etc.
	•  U.S. medical bill is $6,697/per capita in 2007--the highest in the world and 20% more than #2 [Luxembourg].
	•  Of the 19 industrialized nations, the U.S. is worst in deaths preventable by medical care [hospital mistakes].

	The “fundamental theological difference between Islam and Christianity,” is in “the association between religion and the law.”  Unlike Christianity, Islam supports “the complete identification of the secular realm with the sacred and the corresponding elevation of the ruler.”  Christianity recognizes both the Kingdom of Heaven and the governments of earth.  In Islam, “there can be only one law”: the Shariah, which is God’s law and thus “eternal” and “unchanging.”  --Anthony Pagden  

	McCain to Homeowners:  DROP DEAD!

	Bouncing Balls, from Nancy:  www.snotr.com/embed/612

	“The Western mission, defined by Alexander the Great, was to civilize the known world through conquest, a project later taken up by Rome, by the Crusaders, by Napoleon, by the imperial powers in the 19th c. [and Germany in the 20th], and some might argue, by the U.S. in the 21st c.”   --Anthony Pagden

	1 teaspoon of Nestle’s Coffee-Mate.  Label:  10 calories, 0.5g saturated fat.
which is rounded down from the actual:  14.83 and 0.99.

	2-year-old praying from Alan:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=AR4PQ30VkBk

	Some generalizations and insights from Democracy in America 
by Alexis deTocqueville [1835 and 1840]  --part one
	=  He believed that there would be a time when the US and Russia would be the world’s superpowers.  The U.S. would struggle to subdue nature and be a free nation;  Russia would struggle to subdue people and become a nation in servitude.
	=  If there is an American aristocracy, it is the lawyers.  America is favorable to lawyers holding most elective offices.
	=  Along with freedom of the press, the judicial system is the greatest instrument of democracy in America.
	=  The highest good of government is justice.
	=  In America, the township [the purest institution of democracy] was created first, then the county, then the state, then the federal government.
	=  We have freedom of speech, but not freedom of mind.
	=  The term individualism was invented by deToqueville.  He considered it a key product of democracy, but damaging if left unchecked.  It differs from selfishness which comes from blind instinct.
	=  Equality leads to the poor longing to acquire property and the rich fearing to lose it.
	=  Americans have a fervent ardor of always dreaming of what they do not have.
	=  In America:  More people read, but they do not read great books. More people possess works of art, but they are often mass produced and tawdry.

	The Kiss from George G.:  http://zecster.lbbhost.com/Pics/Kiss.html?41 

	The Pentagon has more non-military personnel in Iraq [163,000] than military.  [Blackwater has a Billion dollar contract there.]

	From Mike W.:  Religious conservatives donate far more money than secular liberals to all sorts of charitable activities, irrespective of income. --Arthur C. Brooks

	The peace symbol began as the emblem of the British anti-nuclear movement 50 years ago on Good Friday:  a combination of the semaphore positions for N and D [Nuclear Disarmament] within a circle [the earth].  It has also been interpreted as a human being in dispair, with arms outstretched downward.

	Wag more, bark less.

	Climate change:  12&13 c. England exported wine to France.  Vineyards also flourished in southern Norway and eastern Prussia.  What’s next?

	Seven-letter palindromes:  reviver, repaper, deified and rotator. “Doc note, I dissent.  A fast never prevents a fatness.  I diet on cod.”  won a prize for James Michie in 1967.  Palindrome sentences that use words, not letters include:  “You can cage a swallow, can’t you, but you can’t swallow a cage, can you?”  and “Girl, bathing on Bikini, eyeing boy, finds boy eyeing bikini on bathing girl.”

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	476.  Malta and Cyprus
	477.  George W. Bush
	478.  NYU: 3/86;  OSU:  53/329  [Harvard is next after OSU in burglaries:  315.]
	479.  My guess:  Godzilla at 23
	480.  Marketing:  Canada doesn’t allow drug ads directed to consumers

	CHALLENGE #113 was:  Of the 15 largest U.S. cities, which two don’t have a Toys ‘R’ Us, WalMart or Target?  Answer:  San Francisco and Detroit

	CHALLENGE #114:  He was a fighter who was obsessed with boxing and he abused drink and drugs. He stabbed his wife and bit off part of an ear of a rival in a fight.  But he’s famous for something else. ________________________________________________________________
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POTPOURRI #115  Friday, April 11

	Featured Quote:  “Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and more steadily we reflect on them, the starry heavens above and the moral law within.”  --Immanuel Kant

	BIG Q #27:  Since poverty is deeper among children than the elderly, why does public spending on the elderly vastly outstrip spending on the young?

	FACTOID:  $5,000 per second:  the cost of our occupation of Iraq.

	humor [?]: Last week, President Bush threw out the first pitch to open the Washington National’s new baseball park.  It was high and to the right, just like his tax cuts for the rich people.  --Jay Leno

	481.  Which political figure liked to blow up frogs with firecrackers as a boy?
	482.  When were all Blacks allowed to use a legal last name for the first time?  
	483.  Sigmund Freud never wrote about the ego, id or super-ego.  Explain.
	484.  Some historians suggest a commonality among Presidents Buchanan, Garfield and Lincoln.  What?
	485.  What did Otto Frederick Rohwedder invent in 1928?

	Support Our Troops:  see “Stop-Loss”  www.fandango.com/videos_1_59957/v377603

	The most comprehensive look back at the Iraq war:  www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/bushswar/

	Bumper sticker seen by Philip:  “Be nice to America or we will bring democracy to YOUR country.”

	A school success story from Nancy:  http://shmais.com/news.cfm?ID=44538

	Some generalizations & insights from Democracy in America 
by Alexis deTocqueville [1835 and 1840]  --part two
	=  Education in America focuses on science, commerce and industry, with the emphasis on producing practical results.
	=  No place in the world is less interested in philosophy than America.
	=  In science, Americans seek practical outcomes rather than scientific principles.
	=  Americans like books that are easily read and do not require a lot of background to understand.  Practical, how-to books are preferred.
	=  American theater offers emotional rather than intellectual pleasure.

	“The MFA is the new MBA.”  --Daniel Pink

	“Imagination is more important than knowledge.”  --Albert Einstein

	The lack of health insurance leads to 27,000 preventable deaths in the U.S. each year, but not in any other advanced nation:  they all have some kind of universal health care.  --Uban Institute

	Six-word distillation of Buddhism:  “Change is part of the world.”  --14th Dalai Lama

	Women’s stock portfolios gain, on average, 1.4% more than men’s.  --LouAnn DiCosmo

	A parable:  The King [God the father] allowed his son, the Prince [J.C.] marry a prostitute [we sinners].  In marriage the couple shared what they had:  grace on one hand, and sin on the other.  The prostitute got grace, and the Prince took on the ‘inheritance’ [of sin] from the bride [by dying on the cross].  --Martin Luther

	CEO pay from 2006 to 2007:
		•  Tyson Foods:  UP 250%
		•  Bristol-Myers Squibb:  UP 290%
		•  Winn-Dixie:  UP 340%
		•  Emerson Electric:  UP 520%
		•  Costco:  UP 590%
	    How did YOU do?

	E-mail and Web searches consume 1.5% of the nation’s electricity last year, and if current trends continue, by 2010 the power bill to run a computer over its lifetime will surpass the cost of buying the machine. --David Biello

	Most mammals have a bone in their penis [humans don’t].

	John McCain has pledged to keep the Bush tax cuts, continue the $3 Trillion war in Iraq and decrease corporate taxes...and pay for it by getting rid of pork-barrel earmarks.  And I am planning to remodel my house by buying a tube of Elmer’s glue.  --Gail Collins

	Try these at home from John H.:  http://video.stumbleupon.com/#p=qsz37gm5t3

	Biologically speaking, humans have changed little in the 100,000 years [or 3,000 generations] since modern humans emerged on the African savanna--not enough time for serious adjustments.  Most bacteria, however, can crank out 3,000 generations in less than a week, and they mutate frequently, which is why they become resistent to antibiotics.

	Rembrandt was a master of chiaroscuro (kee-ahr-uh-SKYOOR-oh), the use of contrasts of light and shade to enhance the depiction of character and for general dramatic effect. 

	Some facts from Krishna  --part one:  
	•  Scientists say the higher your I.Q., the more you dream.
	•  You use 200 muscles to take one step.
	•  Your big toes have two bones each while the rest have three.
	•  A pair of human feet contains 250,000 sweat glands.
	•  A full bladder is roughly the size of a soft ball.
	•  The acid in your stomach is strong enough to dissolve razor blades.

	Test your unconscious preferences: https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/research/

	43% of employees think they could do their boss’s job just as well--or better.  --Yahoo HotJobs survey.

	>10% of the world’s oil is used to make chemicals.

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	481.  George W. Bush
	482.  the 1870 Census
	483.  He wrote in German using the German equivalents of self, it and above-self.
	484.  That they were ‘gay’
	485.  sliced bread

	CHALLENGE #114 was:  He was a fighter who was obsessed with boxing and he abused drink and drugs. He stabbed his wife and bit off part of an ear of a rival in a fight. But he’s famous for something else.  Answer:  Norman Mailer [actor Rip Torn’s ear]  (Mike W. got it)

	CHALLENGE #115:  What proportion of the cells in your body are not actually yours but belong to foreign organisms?
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POTPOURRI #116   Friday, April 18

	Featured Quote:  “An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind.”  --Mahatma Gandhi

	BIG Q #28:  Why do girls, on average, lead boys for all their years in school, only to fall behind in the workplace?

	FACTOID:  Illegal immigrants will close 15% of Social Security’s projected long-term deficit [equal to raising payroll tax by 0.3%] since they won’t collect benefits. --NYT
	humor [?]: from Joe O’B:  Eleven people were hanging on a rope, under a helicopter: 10 men and 1 woman. The rope was not strong enough to carry them all; they decided 1 had to leave, or all would fall. No man spoke, but the woman said she would voluntarily let go of the rope, because, as a woman, she was used to giving up everything for her husband, kids and men in general, and was used to always making sacrifices with little in return. As soon as she finished her speech, all the men started clapping . . .

	486.  Who was America’s first bestselling author?
	487.  Which American president voted for Roosevelt four times and campaigned for Truman?
	488.  Where did fortune cookies originate?
	489.  Which U.S. Sec. of State was drawn to political science by a teacher who was the father of another Sec. of State?
	490.  Where did we get the Christian concepts of original sin, celibacy as devotion to God, predestination and eternal damnation?

	Appearance changes; essense doesn’t, so appearance isn’t reality, the essense is.  Therefore, the senses don’t provide knowledge, just opinion.  --Aristotle

	Patients who received free samples of drugs spent $166/six months before getting free drugs, $244 when they received the handouts, and $212/six months after that.  Those who did not receive free samples spent $178/six months.  --Medical Care J.

	Test your black/white bias:  http://backhand.uchicago.edu/Center/ShooterEffect/

	I just learned why women say they have a ‘period’...it’s the end of the menstrual cycle...duh!

	Despite being the wealthiest of all nations, nearly 10% of Americans get food stamps.  --Bob Herbert

	President Bush begrudgingly created the 9/11 Commission and gave it a $3 million budget [The 1986 Challenger commission had more than $40 million].

	Some generalizations & insights from Democracy in America 
by Alexis deTocqueville [1835 and 1840]  --part three
	•  Differences between the left [KY] and the right [Ohio] of the Ohio River:  Everything is the same except for slavery in KY not OH.  Ohio’s land is cultivated by whites and there is industry and commerce; work is honored.  KY’s land is not well cultivated, and whites prefer hunting and war to work; work is dishonored.  Slavery is corrupting of the masters.
	•  The dominant national taste is the love of well-being.
	•  The Cherokee Nation produced newspapers before they were all fully clothed. 
	• America is great because it is good;  if it stops being good, it will no longer be great. 

	What did Leonardo look like?  www.ted.com/index.php/talks/view/id/221

	“Better burn it now than curse it then.”   “Our praises are our wages.”
--from The Winter’s Tale by the Bard

	Only 11% of CEOs of top 500 companies have an Ivy League degree, but 20% of the top 60 women in Forbes “most powerful women” list did.

	The French word lechier [to lick] gives us lecher, which has several related words [most starting with the letter L, a sound formed with the tongue, supposedly the seat of sensation]:
	Libidinous--from libido, pleasure;	
	Lascivious--from lascivia, wantonness;
	Lubricious--from lubricus, slippery
	Licentious--from licere, to be permitted [illicit--not permitted];
	Lustful--from the Anglo-Saxon meaning pleasure;
	Lewd--the previous 4 come from Latin, this one from Anglo-Saxon lewed, vile.

	“The great pleasure and feeling in my right brain is more than my left brain can find the words to tell you.”  --Roger Sperry, accepting 1981 Nobel Prize in medicine

	Did Archie Bunker pave the way for Fox News? 

	Some facts from Krishna  --part two:  
	•  It takes the food seven seconds to get from your mouth to your stomach.
	•  The average human dream lasts 2-3 seconds.
	•  At the moment of conception, you spent about half an hour as a single cell.
	•  Your body gives off enough heat in 30 minutes to bring half a gallon of water to a boil.
	•  Your teeth start growing 6 months before you are born
	•  Your thumb is the same length of your nose.

	The hormone oxytocin is naturally released in brain after a 20-second hug from a partner, triggering the brain’s trust circuits.  Men need to be touched 2-3 times more than women to maintain the same level of oxytocin.  --Roizen & Oz

	Steven Waldman’s book “Founding Faith” concludes that “the Founding Faith...was not Christianity, and it was not secularism.  It was religious liberty--a revolutionary formula for promoting faith by leaving it alone.”

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	486.  Thomas Paine
	487.  Ronald Reagan
	488.  Not S.F. [1st in U.S.] or Brooklyn [where they’re made], or even China...but Japan --Yasuko Nakamachi
	489.  Condoleezza Rice’s teacher Josef Korbel was Madeleine Albright’s father.
	490.  St. Augustine in “City of God” where he also explained the sacking of Rome was NOT because Rome turned from pagan gods to Christianity.

	CHALLENGE #115 was:  What proportion of the cells in your body are not actually yours but belong to foreign organisms?  Answer:  90%. Even though your body has 10 trillion cells, your intestines have ten times as many foreign cells.  --Roizen & Oz

	CHALLENGE #116:  A westerner and an easterner who each changed the world, but didn’t want their names used to identify a religion--to no avail. ________________________________________________________________
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POTPOURRI #117  Friday, April 25

	Featured Quote:  “The truth of the matter,” is that “we haven’t sacrificed one darn bit in this war, not one.  Never been asked to pay for a dime, except for the people that we lost.”  Republican Senator George Voinovich of Ohio  [WWII song: “We can do without, so our boys will not.”  What ever happened to paying for a war with savings bonds?]

	BIG Q #29:  Why are the most powerful people in the world old white men and pretty young women?

	FACTOID:  The 2000 Census counted 3.1 million inter-racial marriages, and found 41% of the mixed-race population was under 18.

	humor [?]: Headlines from The Onion:  “F.D.A. Approves Napalm Breast Implants”  “Army Holds Annual ‘Bring Your Daughter to War’ Day”  “New Abortion Bill to Require Fetal Consent”

	KWIKWIZ: [rounding out to 500]
	491.  Which is the most varied animal species?
	492.  Name 2 prominent beneficiaries of affirmative action who afterwards opposed it.
	493.  What is the origin of comedy in theater?
	494.  What was the cost of the first commercially available portable telephone?
	495.  Which of the following do Jews, Christians or Moslems NOT believe in:  angels, Satan, prophets, revelation, moral accountability and responsibility, divine judgment, and eternal reward or punishment?
	496.  He gave a party at his death where he drank heavily, slit a vein, bound it up and drank some more.  Then repeated the process.
	497.  What percentage of the world’s Muslims are Arab?
	498.  Name a literary and a political figure who was a family ne’er-do-well and cleaned up his act to ascend a throne.
	499.  During the Boer War in Britain, what was the difference between 12-year-old boys in public and private school?
	500.  3 million cars were produced in the U.S. in 1941.  How many during all of WWII?

	Creative “Swan Lake” from James T:  www.youtube.com/watch?v=gOqxSaW05p4

	The Earth is 4.6 Billion years old:  an illustration.  Spread your arms to represent the total time span.  From your right finger tip to the watch band on your left wrist is the time it took before the Earth had multi-cellular animals.  Over the length of the first two joints of your middle finger was the time of the dinosaurs [160 million years].  Over the last digit is the time of mammals, and the tip of your fingernail is the time humans have been on earth.

	What’s in food products?  www.foodfacts.com

	The average chief executive of S&P 500-stock index earned $15.06 million in 2006.   --the Corporate Library

	When lima bean plants are attacked by spider mites, they release volatile chemicals that summon another species of mites to attack the spider mites.  --Michael Pollan

	What white people like:  stuffwhitepeoplelike.wordpress.com/full-list-of-stuff-white-people-like/

	Americans spend 3-4 times more shopping than Europeans--it’s 70% of our GDP.

	Each American produces 4-1/2 pounds of garbage/day:  twice as much as 30 years ago.

 	Who’s being ‘gamed’?
	•  Compulsive/problem gamblers make up 2.4% of gamblers, but account for at least one-third of receipts.  --Nat’l Gambling Impact Study Comm.
	•  One percent of gamblers [in a 1995 Minn. study] made half the wagers.
	•  The ratio of gambling costs to gambling benefits are higher than 3:1, and voters sense this, so pro-gambling interests lose referendum battles when they do not outspend their opponents by at least 75 to 1.--economist Earl Grinols

	Funeral directors promote embalming:  replacing body fluids with formaldehyde, a carcinogen that eventually leaches into the environment when the buried body decays [800,000 gallons annually].  A simple alternative is to refrigerate the body.

	Great marketing from Fred B.:  www.hema.nl/producten

	The last 10% of any project takes as long as the first 90%.  --David Giffels

	In 2001, President Bush exempted some 3,500 plants that spew toxic chemicals from the Right-To-Know law.

	Consultants get paid up to $500,000 to name a drug, and insist that letters are imbued with psychological meaning:  P, T, and K, they claim, convey effectiveness.  Z is speed, X is scientific, and L is calming.  --Jim Hightower

	British study:  “For every minute you walk, you live about three minutes longer.”  --Alan Durning

	Americans spend more than $40 Billion/year on their pets, more than the gross domestic product of all but 70 countries.  

	The Worst of the Worst?  Camp Justice:  Guantanamo had 680 detainees.  Over 400 have been released with about 60 more approved to go.  Of the 215 remaining, Gen.Hartmann says they have sufficient evidence on fewer than 80.  That leaves 135 to stay in indefinite detention w/o trial.  --Jeffrey Toobin

	About 10 detainees at Guantanamo refuse to eat, demanding release or a finite sentence:  one for more than 800 days, another for over 900 days [they are force-fed twice/day via a tube through their nose].

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	491.  There are over 400 distinct varieties of dogs.
	492.  Justice Clarence Thomas and Sec. of State Condolezza Rice [while provost at Stanford]
	493.  Origin of word:  komos=band of revelers.  Derived from phallic processions in 5th c. B.C. Athens, to honor god of wine & drama, Dionysus [Baccus], where comic actors wore padded phalluses as part of their costumes.
	494.  In 1983, the Motorola DynaTac 8000X cost $3,995.
	495.  All believe in all of them, as well as one, transcendent God, who is creator, sustainer and ruler of the universe.
	496.  Petronius, who wrote “Satyricon” and was Nero’s judge of taste
	497.  20%
	498.  Shakespeare’s Henry V and GWB
	499.  five inches in height.
	500.  139

	CHALLENGE #116 was:   A westerner and an easterner who each changed the world, but didn’t want their names used to identify a religion--to no avail.  Answer:  Martin Luther and the Buddha

	CHALLENGE #117:   His father “bluffed” his way into law school using a faked transcript, and went on to finish first in his class and become a successful labor lawyer.  He taught at Yale after writing naked-lady captions for Oui magazine.  He is the greatest living American playwright of his generation. 
"Potpourri" is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  WMWMWMWM [wmmathews@mac.com]   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.

POTPOURRI #118  [tax-cut special] May 2

	Featured Quote:  “When people are free to do as they please, they usually imitate each other.” --Eric Hoffer

	BIG Q #30:  How is the war in Iraq helping me?  --Bob Herbert

	FACTOID:  “Almost 40% of the people displaced from New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina [lived] below the poverty line last year,” and “nearly a third of those who fled the hurricane could not find jobs last year, and thousands more [had given up] trying.”  --U.S. Census Bureau

	humor [?]:  After the Pope’s Mass at Yankee stadium, the Yankees retired Roman numeral XVI.  --David Letterman

	501.  When did this country have the lowest rate of church-goers?
	502.  We spend about 27% of our budget for defense.  What do Russia and China spend?
	503.  Which state produces the most eggplants?
	504.  Why is English grammar simple compared to other languages?  
	505.  Which fish was erroneously named for a West Indian ‘minister’?

	Old England was a tri-lingual culture:
	French became the language of administration, culture and courtiership.  In cuisine:  cow became beef; calf became veal; deer became venison [in Fr, the animal name was the same as the meat name].
	Latin became the language of the church, education and philosophy.
	English the language of popular expression and personal reflection.

	Helpful listing of sites from Alan:  www.allmyfaves.com/

	Vampire power is the juice consumed by electronic gadgets even when they're turned off. According to the Energy Department, vampire gadgets account for about 25% of total residential electricity consumption in the U.S. [ I bought APC Power-Saving SurgeArrest surge-protector power-strip to control my computer/fax/prtrs/scanner for $26. which will pay for itself in one year or so.]  See:  www.nytimes.com/2008/04/24/technology/personaltech/24pogue-email.html?_r=1&8cir&emc=cira1&oref=slogin

	Spoken language is instinctual,  the brain collects the phonemes and abstracts the rules from what it hears, but written language must be taught.  --Jeanette Norden

	I dare you to walk [from Jonnie Nelson]:  www.brightcove.tv/title.jsp?title=1438490562

	ON TAX CUTS:         					
	Bush’s tax cuts for the rich have reduced annual tax revenue avaiable for public needs by $300 Billion each year.

Bush Mngt of our Economy:	    	2001 [then]	2008 [now]
		-National Debt	    	$5.7 Trillion		$9.2 Trillion
		-GDP growth
		     over prior 8 yrs	 4.09%		2.65%
		-Trade deficit/year	    	$380 Billion		$759 Billion
		-Budget surplus/deficit    	+$236 Billion	$354 Billion
How Corporations Get By:	 	2001 [then]	2008 [now]
	Corporate profits before tax	$719 Billion		$1,769 Billion
	Corporate profits after tax	$504 Billion		$1,352 Billion
	Big Pharma’s profits		  $30 Billion		    $80 Billion

How the Rich Get By:			2001 [then]	2008 [now]
	Worth of wealthiest 1%		$186 Billion		$816 Billion
	Number of Billionaires		   186		   415
	Their combined wealth		$816 Billion		$3.5 Trillion
	Avg. salary of top 500 
		CEOs [in 2007]					$15.2 Million
	Bush tax cuts to top 1%
		[2001-2007]					$546 Billion

How the Rest of Us Get By:		2001 [then]	2008 [now]
	Median pre-tax 
		houshold income		$49,158		$48,201
	Avg. new jobs/year in
		prior 8 years		1.76 Million		369,000
	Unemployed [including
	  discouraged & underemployed  9.9 Million		13.5 Million
	Cost of a loaf of bread		    98¢		    $1.32
	Personal savings rate		   +2.3%		    -0.5%
	Cost of family health ins./yr	  $6,230		  $12,106
	Avg. cost/yr public 4-yr college    $8,400		  $13,000
	Avg. cost/yr private 4-yr college   $22,000		  $29,000
							[from Jim Hightower]

	Root-Shoot Ratio:  Root mass stays in balance with the leaf mass: when plants lose leaf mass they prune their own roots, they cauterize themselves and die and decompose by earthworms, fungi, bacteria and create new soil from the bottom up.  That’s how the prairies were built:  the relationship between the bison and the grass.  --Michael Pollan

	“The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only one page.” --St. Augustine of Hippo

		Cujus regio, ejus religio:  Latin for “his region, his religion”; motto expressing the basis for the Peace of Augsburg [1555], under which each German prince established his own religion [Lutheran or Catholic] in his territory but tolerated the other.   But it didn’t work, since religions warred with each other  which led to the Western concept of secularism that was incorporated into the founding documents of the U.S.    --Phillip Cary

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	501.  17% in the 1770s
	502.  3 ro 4%
	503.  The Garden State:  New Jersey
	504.  English has no grammatical gender [our nouns are not masc/fem/neut].  We don’t have case endings. Our verbs are relatively simple forms of limited variety.
	505   “Reverend” R.J.L. Guppy submitted a fish to the British Museum that was already classified, but the name stuck [and the fish is still in a jar at the museum].

	CHALLENGE #117 was:  His father “bluffed” his way into law school using a faked transcript, and went on to finish first in his class and become a successful labor lawyer.  He taught at Yale after writing naked-lady captions for Oui magazine.  He is the greatest living American playwright of his generation.  Answer:  David Mamet

	CHALLENGE #118:  If a tree falls in the forest and no one is there, does it make a sound?  [A classic now has a definitive answer.]
"Potpourri" is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit 
from it, you have a moral obligation to share it with others.”  --Chinese Proverb   No trees were destroyed to create this message.  However, a countless number of electrons were greatly inconvenienced.  Namasté.

Potpourri #119  May 9

	Featured Quote:  “People seem to enjoy things more when they know a lot of other people have been left out of the pleasure.”  --Russell Baker

	BIG Q #31:  Can you cheat a cheater w/o becoming a cheater?

	FACTOID:  Unusual English spelling shows the way the words were pronounced 100s of years ago.

	humor [?]: “Suburbia is where the developer bulldozes out the trees, then names the streets after them.”  --Bill Vaughn

	506.  Wham-O sold 40 million hula-hoops its first year and by 1960, 100 million.  What was the company’s total profit?
	507.  Rodents are the  most numerous types of mammals, what is #2?
	508.  Which U.S. president has been described as “a back-slapping bon vivant who preferred a good game of poker and a curvaceous blonde to the dull routine of the Oval Office”?
	509.  Why was the broadcast of the TV sitcom “Bewitched” delayed for more than a year?
	510.  Which U.S. southern city had the most free people of color in 1803?

	PANGEA DAY:  Saturday, May 10	

	France sings for USA

	Japan sings for Turkey

	Kenya sings for India

	Carla reported:  “I was walking past the mental hospital the other day,and all the patients were shouting ,'13....13....13.'  The fence was too high to see over,but I saw a little gap in the planks and looked through to see what was going on.  Someone poked me in the eye with a stick.  Then they all started shouting '14....14....14'...”

	Theater began 5th c. B.C. in Athens as ‘tragedy’ [refers to form, not content] dedicated to Dionysius.  Thespis, the first thespian, was the first to step forward out of the chorus [‘chorus’ means dance...they also sang].

	“There are two kinds of loyalty:  dogs are loyal to their master, cats are loyal to the house.”   --Michael Josephson

	You Type; She Speaks, from Alan:  www.oddcast.com/home/demos/tts/tts_example.php?sitepal

	Germany has a 20-year solar incentive program; Japan’s is 12 years.  Ours was for 2 years and expires in December.

			        J	          C
			        o            a
			Bush’s  Third Term
			      n            n

			   r           b
		  	   a	      a
			   c	      m
			   k	      a

	Life expectancy declined in a substantial number of U.S. counties from 1983 to 1999, particularly for women.  Of the 3,141 counties, life expectancy declined in 963 for women and 59 for men.    --U.S. Gov’t/Harvard study

	The Moslem quote:  “...the smallest reward for the people of heaven is an abode where there are 80,000 servants and 72 houri...”  Americans like the common translation of houri as virgins, but it could also mean white grapes.  In any event, the colorful description is similar to the Christian belief of getting wings and a harp while walking on clouds;  and, ‘pure white grapes’ in heaven is also mentioned in Christian descriptions.   --Christoph Luxenberg

	$10-$12/gallon in uncounted costs for gasoline due to:
		•  Government subsidies;
		•  Health care pollution;	
		•  Climate change.
		[Last year Big Oil gave $186 million to federal campaigns;  
		    it receives $100s of Billions in subsidies every year.]

	From “genius investor” David Einhorn:
	•  Often, an astonishing 50% of total revenue at Wall St. firms goes to employee compensation.  
	•  The S.E.C. told Wall St. to police itself to save on regulatory costs, while not bothering to “discuss the cost to society of increasing the probabiity that a large broker-dealer could go bust.”  The result is:  “The owners, employees and creditors of these institutions are rewarded when they succeed, but it is all of us, the taxpayers , who are left on the hook if they fail.  This is called Private Profits and Socialized Risks.

	Create a radio station that plays your faves from Alan:  http://www.pandora.com/

	Chinoiserie (sheen-WAH-zuh-ree) is a style of ornamentation using motifs identified as Chinese.  It is a recent borrowing into English from the French word Chinois--'Chinese.' Therefore, it is pronounced with the French "sh" and not the English "ch."

	KWIKWIZ answers:
	506.  $10,000, with millions of unsold hoops.
	507.  There are more than 1,100 species of bats across the world.
	508.  Warren G. Harding  by William Grimes
	509.  ABC’s Southern stations thought the adman-loves-witch premise was “a veiled argument for racial intermarriage.”
	510.  New Orleans

	CHALLENGE # 118 was:  If a tree falls in the forest and no one is there, does it make a sound?  Answer:  NO.  Sound is a construction of the brain.  Humans are meaning-making organisms.  --Jeanette Norden.  [Jerry submitted part of a verse he found that argues that if there is no sound maybe there is no tree:  

	There was a young man who said, "God,
	Must think it exceedingly odd,
	When he finds that this tree,
	Continues to be,
	When there's no one about in the Quad."

	"Dear Sir: your astonishment's odd,
	I am always about in the Quad,
	And that's why this tree,
	Continues to be,
	Since observed by, yours faithfully, God."]

	CHALLENGE #119:  Which ‘book’ won the Pulitzer Prize for literature and drama, in successive years?
“Potpourri” is an omnium-gatherum issued each week on an opt-in/opt-out basis.  Please respond if you would like to be added to, or deleted from, distribution.  My Credo:  “When someone shares something of value with you, and you benefit 
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